Euripides (c. 480 BC - 406 BC) was a Greek tragedian, one of the three great playwrights of classical Athens (with Aeschylus and Sophocles). Born on Salamis to a merchant father, Euripides trained to be an athlete, but turned to writing comedies and drama. Several of his works won awards in the City Dionysia of Athens. After two disastrous marriages, Euripides became a recluse on Salamis, living in a cave.
Iphigenia at Aulis by Euripidesby Euripides
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When the Greeks were detained at Aulis by stress of weather, Calchas declared that they would never reach Troy unless the daughter of Agamemnon, Iphigenia, was sacrificed to Diana. Agamemnon sent for his daughter with this view, but repenting, he dispatched a messenger to prevent Clytæmnestra sending her. The messenger being intercepted by Menelaus, an altercation between the brother chieftains arose, during which Iphigenia, who had been tempted with the expectation of being wedded to Achilles, arrived with her mother. The latter, meeting with Achilles, discovered the deception, and Achilles swore to protect her. But Iphigenia, having determined to die nobly on behalf of the Greeks, was snatched away by the Goddess, and a stag substituted in her place. The Greeks were then enabled to set sail.
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