Euripides (c. 480 BC - 406 BC) was a Greek tragedian, one of the three great playwrights of classical Athens (with Aeschylus and Sophocles). Born on Salamis to a merchant father, Euripides trained to be an athlete, but turned to writing comedies and drama. Several of his works won awards in the City Dionysia of Athens. After two disastrous marriages, Euripides became a recluse on Salamis, living in a cave.
Iphigenia in Taurus by Euripidesby Euripides
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Orestes, coming into Tauri in Scythia, in company with Pylades, had been commanded to bear away the image of Diana, after which he was to meet with a respite from the avenging Erinnyes of his mother. His sister Iphigenia, who had been carried away by Diana from Aulis, when on the point of being sacrificed by her father, chances to be expiating a dream that led her to suppose Orestes dead, when a herdsman announces to her the arrival and detection of two strangers, whom she is bound by her office to sacrifice to Diana. On meeting, a mutual discovery takes place, and they plot their escape. Iphigenia imposes on the superstitious fears of Thoas, and, removing them to the sea-coast, they are on the point of making their escape together, when they are surprised, and subsequently detained and driven back by stress of weather. Thoas is about to pursue them, when Minerva appears, and restrains him from doing so, at the same time procuring liberty of return for the Grecian captives who form the chorus.
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