Ira Aldridge: The African Roscius

Overview

Ira Aldridge -- a black New Yorker -- was one of nineteenth-century Europe's greatest actors. He performed abroad for forty-three years, winning more awards, honors, and official decorations than any of his professional peers. Billed as the "African Roscius," Aldridge developed a repertoire initially consisting of Shakespeare's Othello, melodramas about slavery, and farces that drew on his ability to sing and dance. By the time he began touring in Europe he was principally a Shakespearean actor, playing such ...
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Overview

Ira Aldridge -- a black New Yorker -- was one of nineteenth-century Europe's greatest actors. He performed abroad for forty-three years, winning more awards, honors, and official decorations than any of his professional peers. Billed as the "African Roscius," Aldridge developed a repertoire initially consisting of Shakespeare's Othello, melodramas about slavery, and farces that drew on his ability to sing and dance. By the time he began touring in Europe he was principally a Shakespearean actor, playing such classic characters as Shylock, Macbeth, Richard III, and King Lear. Although his frequent public appearances made him the most visible black man in the world by mid-nineteenth century, today Aldridge tends to be a forgotten figure, seldom mentioned in histories of British and European theater. This collection restores the luster to Aldridge's reputation by examining his extraordinary achievements against all odds. The early essays offer biographical information, while later essays examine his critical and popular reception throughout the world. Taken together, these diverse approaches to Aldridge offer a fuller understanding and heightened appreciation of a remarkable man who had an exceptionally interesting life and a spectacular career. Contributors: Cyril Bruyn Andrews, Nikola Batusic, Philip A. Bell, Keith Byerman, Ruth M. Cowhig, Nicholas M. Evans, Joost Groeneboer, Ann Marie Koller, Joyce Green MacDonald, Herbert Marshall, James J. Napier, Krzysztof Sawala, Gunner Sjögren, James McCune Smith, Hazel Waters, and Stanley B. Winters. Bernth Lindfors is Professor Emeritus of English and African Literatures at The University of Texas at Austin.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Succeeds at portraying Aldridge admirably. (.) Essential to scholars and researchers of theater and cultural history. It is a rewarding book, shedding light not only on the theater but also on race relations during a century fraught with issues of slavery and the attempt to eliminate human bondage. AFRICAN AMERICAN REVIEW Of particular interest for anyone interested in the local history of Manchester are Aldridge's appearances at antislavery events there. ETHNICITY AND RACE IN A CHANGING WORLD: A REVIEW JOURNAL The value of this volume is not only in the detailed and fascinating study of Aldridge's life and work. . . but. . . as a detailed, informative, and often original history of European nineteenth-century theater. RESEARCH IN AFRICAN LITERATURES (Martin Banham) This is a truly comprehensive coverage of the life and career of Ira Aldridge, a true pioneer who blazed a trail for African American artists to seek in Europe the fame and acceptance that eluded them in their own country. It deserves to be widely read, especially by anyone interested in African American transatlantic migrations and the history of race relations in Europe. --Oyekan Owomoyela, Ryan Professor of African Literature, University of Nebraska I will value this book most for its inclusion of three very scarce nineteenth-century memoirs of Aldridge, and for its newly translated versions of twentieth century critical articles. Scholars of mid-nineteenth-century British and European social history will also value this collection, for the story of Aldridge's acceptance -- and the limitations on that acceptance -- in England and Europe, is very revealing. --George A. Thompson, author of A Documentary History of the African Theatre Simply remarkable. An extraordinary conjunction of contemporary accounts and recent reflections that brings Aldridge alive for his time and ours. --James Gibbs, University of the West of England, Bristol Overall, the book presents a diverse range of essays that inform scholars and general readers in a manner both erudite and compelling. THEATRE JOURNAL (Baron Kelly) ...Lindfors (brings) new sources and perspectives to (his) incisive and timely examination of Ira Aldrige's career as well as the larger cultural political issues surrounding the textual and physical representations of blackness in the nineteenth century. THEATRE SURVEY, November 2009
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Bernth Lindfors is professor emeritus of English and African literatures, University of Texas at Austin.
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Table of Contents


List of Illustrations     ix
Acknowledgments     xi
Introduction     1
The Life
Memoir and Theatrical Career of Ira Aldridge, the African Roscius London: Onwhyn (n.d., but ca. 1848)     7
Ira Aldridge (1860)   James McCune Smith     39
Men We Have Known: Ira Aldridge (1867)   Philip A. Bell     48
"Nothing extenuate, nor set down aught in malice": New Biographical Information on Ira Aldridge   Bernth Lindfors     50
Ira Aldridge's Swedish Wife   Gunner Sjogren     68
"African Tragedian" in Golden Prague: Some Unpublished Correspondence   James J. Napier   Stanley B. Winters     73
A Garland of Love Letters   Cyril Bruyn Andrews     79
The Career
Ira Aldridge's Fight for Equality   Hazel Waters     97
Ira Aldridge in Manchester   Ruth M. Cowhig     126
Acting Black: Othello, Othello Burlesques, and the Performance of Blackness   Joyce Green MacDonald     135
Ira Aldridge: Shakespeare and Minstrelsy   Nicholas M. Evans     157
"Mislike me not for my complexion...": Ira Aldridge in Whiteface   Bernth Lindfors     180
Ira Aldridge as Macbeth and King Lear   Herbert Marshall     191
Creating the Black Hero: Ira Aldridge's The Black Doctor   Keith Byerman     204
The First American on the Zagreb Stage   Nikola Batusic     216
A Heartwarming, Radiant Othello in the Netherlands, 1855   Joost Groeneboer     222
Ira Aldridge's Performances in Meiningen   Ann Marie Koller     234
"Othello's Occupation's Gone!" The African Roscius in Poland, 1853-67   Krzysztof Sawala     243
Notes on Contributors     267
Index     271
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