Iran after Khomeini / Edition 1

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Three years after the departure of the Ayatollah Rouhallah Khomeini, Iran's political future remains uncertain. This volume explores the directions the Islamic regime and, more importantly, the Iranian society and nation are likely to take in the 1990s.

The study begins with a brief historical survey of Iran's political institutions, its sociocultural traits, and its economic and military conditions, as well as its foreign policy orientation at the time of the revolution. It follows with a summary of the political, social, and economic changes the Islamic revolution introduced. These serve as benchmarks against which to measure the changes and reforms of the last three years and provide a basis for sketching the potential future directions of Iran's domestic evolution and foreign relations.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275942922
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 3/28/1992
  • Series: The Washington Papers Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 184
  • Product dimensions: 5.78 (w) x 9.02 (h) x 0.54 (d)

Meet the Author

SHIREEN T. HUNTER is deputy director of the Middle East Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

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Table of Contents

About the Author
Introduction 1
1 Constitutional and Political Issues 6
Iran's Political System and Its Cultural Foundations in 1979 6
Iran's Islamic Constitution and Its Cultural and Ideological Basis 14
Developments Following Constitutional Reform 32
2 The Military Establishment: Adapting to Peacetime 46
Background and Developments since the Revolution 46
The Role of the Military in Iranian Society and Politics 50
The Size of the Military Establishment 53
3 The Economy: From Boom to Bust to What? 56
Weaknesses of the Shah's Economic Policy 56
Ideological Confusion: Impediment to Economic Planning and Development 58
Islamic Economics: Is It Possible? 61
The First Economic Development Plan 65
Current Characteristics of the Economy 67
Economic Prospects: Challenges and Assets 74
Rafsanjani's Economic Policies and Plans 80
4 Culture and Society: Toward a New Islamo-Nationalist Synthesis? 92
Relegitimizing Iranianism 94
Rehabilitating Iran's Literary Figures 95
Encouraging the Arts, Publishing, and Electronic Media 95
Islamization of Education: Challenges of Modernity 98
Research and Development 100
5 Foreign Relations: Continuity and Change 101
Iran's Foreign Relations in 1979 102
Developments after the Revolution 106
The Transitional Period 109
1981-1984: Radical Ascendancy and the Export of Revolution 112
1984-1988: Continued Tug of War, Fluctuation, and Creeping Realism 114
The Ayatollah Khomeini's Death and the Rafsanjani Presidency 121
Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait: New Opportunities and Challenges for Iranian Foreign Policy 126
Conclusions and Outlook 139
Notes 145
Index 156
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