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This volume provides analysis of the state of Iraq’s security and of current Western policy toward the country in the wake of the Gulf War. It also examines the political, economic, and security impact of sanctions, Iraq’s future role as an oil exporter, the U.S. policy of “dual containment” in relation to Iraq, and options for dealing with Iraq in the future.
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Anthony H. Cordesman is currently a senior fellow and codirector of the Middle East Program, and director of the Middle East Program at CSIS, a military analyst for ABC News and adjunct professor of national security studies at Georgetown University. He has served in senior positions in the office of the secretary of defense, NATO, and the U.S. Senate. Abraham R. Wagner is an independent defense consultant in the area of national security problems working with Science Applications International, Inc., as well as several federal agencies. He has written extensively on Third World military technologies and appeared on ABC News, the BBC, National Public Radio, and CBN to provide expert analysis of the Persian Gulf War. Anthony H. Cordesman has served in senior positions in the office for the secretary of defense, NATO, and the U.S. Senate. He is currently a senior fellow and codirector of the Middle East Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, an adjunct professor of national security studies at Georgetown University, and a special consultant on military affairs for ABC News. He lives in Washington, D.C. Ahmed S. Hashim is a fellow in Political-Military Affairs and the Middle East Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C., where he specializes on strategic issues. Previously, he was a research associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. He lives in Virginia.
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Table of Contents

List of Tables and Illustrations
1 Introduction 1
2 Internal Political Developments Since the Gulf War 8
3 The Informal Politics of the "Center" 12
4 The Formal Politics of Iraq's Instruments of State Power 36
5 The "Periphery": Opposition Movements and Ethnic and Sectarian Issues 59
6 The "Periphery": Political Alienation and Abuses of Human Rights 111
7 Sanctions and Economic Instability 124
8 Oil and Iraqi Export Capabilities 161
9 External Relations 182
10 Military Developments 211
11 The Threat from Iraqi Land Forces 233
12 The Threat from Iraqi Air and Air Defense Forces 263
13 The Threat from Iraqi Naval Forces 281
14 Unconventional Warfare and Terrorism 286
15 The Threat from Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction 290
16 The Problem of Policy: Beyond Sanctions and "Dual Containment" 344
Sources and Methods 360
Notes 363
About the Book and Authors 394
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