Ireland And The Classical World

Ireland And The Classical World

by Philip Freeman
     
 

On the boundary of what the ancient Greeks and Romans considered the habitable world, Ireland was a land of myth and mystery in classical times. Classical authors frequently portrayed its people as savages—even as cannibals and devotees of incest—and evinced occasional uncertainty as to the island's shape, size, and actual location. Unlike neighboring

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Overview

On the boundary of what the ancient Greeks and Romans considered the habitable world, Ireland was a land of myth and mystery in classical times. Classical authors frequently portrayed its people as savages—even as cannibals and devotees of incest—and evinced occasional uncertainty as to the island's shape, size, and actual location. Unlike neighboring Britain, Ireland never knew Roman occupation, yet literary and archaeological evidence prove that Iuverna was more than simply terra incognita in classical antiquity.

In this book, Philip Freeman explores the relations between ancient Ireland and the classical world through a comprehensive survey of all Greek and Latin literary sources that mention Ireland. He analyzes passages (given in both the original language and English) from over thirty authors, including Julius Caesar, Strabo, Tacitus, Ptolemy, and St. Jerome. To amplify the literary sources, he also briefly reviews the archaeological and linguistic evidence for contact between Ireland and the Mediterranean world.

Freeman's analysis of all these sources reveals that Ireland was known to the Greeks and Romans for hundreds of years and that Mediterranean goods and even travelers found their way to Ireland, while the Irish at least occasionally visited, traded, and raided in Roman lands. Everyone interested in ancient Irish history or Classics, whether scholar or enthusiast, will learn much from this pioneering book.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780292718753
Publisher:
University of Texas Press
Publication date:
12/15/2000
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
168
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.39(d)

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
Introduction

The Archaeology of Roman Material in Ireland
Pre-Roman Material
First-Century Material
Second-CenturyMaterial
Third-Century Material
Fourth- and Early-Fifth-Century Material

Language: The Influence Of Latin In Pre-Patrician Ireland
Latin Loan-Words in Early Irish
The Ogam Alphabet and the Latin Grammatical Tradition

Ancient Authors

Rufius Festus Avienus
Sources for Ora maritima
The Hellenistic Geographers
Diodorus Siculus
Julius Caesar
Strabo
Isidorus
Pomponius Mela
Pliny the Elder
Pseudo-Aristotle
Tacitus
Juvenal
Dionysius Periegetes
Ptolemy
Apuleius
Herodian
Solinus
Unattributed Works
Panegyric on Constantius Caesar
Maritime Itinerary of Antonius Augustus
Panegyric on Constantine Augustus
Nomina provinciarum omnium
Orphic Argonautica
Pacatus
Ammianus Marcellinus
Unattributed Work
Historia Augusta
Pseudo-Hegesippus
Jerome
Prudentius
Symmachus
Servius
Claudian
Marcianus
Stobaeus
Orosius
Pseudo-Agathemerus
Stephanus of Byzantium

APPENDIX ONE: The Greek Alphabet
APPENDIX TWO: Classical References to Ireland
APPENDIX THREE: The Names of Ireland
References
Index

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