Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy

Isaac Newton's Natural Philosophy

by Jed Z. Buchwald
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262024772

ISBN-13: 9780262024778

Pub. Date: 10/23/2000

Publisher: MIT Press

Newton studies have undergone radical changes in the last half-century as more of his work has been uncovered and more details of his life and intellectual context have come to light. This volume singles out two strands in recent Newton studies: the intellectual background to Newton's scientific thought and both specific and general aspects of his technical…  See more details below

Overview

Newton studies have undergone radical changes in the last half-century as more of his work has been uncovered and more details of his life and intellectual context have come to light. This volume singles out two strands in recent Newton studies: the intellectual background to Newton's scientific thought and both specific and general aspects of his technical science. The essays make new claims concerning Newton's mathematical methods, experimental investigations, and motivations, as well as the effect that his long presence had on science in England.

The book is divided into two parts. The essays in part I shed new light on Newton's motivations and the sources of his method. The essays in part II explore Newton's mathematical philosophy and his development of rational mechanics and celestial dynamics. An appendix includes the last paper by Newton biographer Richard W. Westfall, examining some of the ways that mathematics came to be used in the age of Newton in pursuits and domains other than theoretical or rational mechanics.

Contributors: Michel Blay, J. Bruce Brackenridge, I. Bernard Cohen, Mordechai Feingold, Maurizio Mamiani, Michael Nauenberg, Alan E. Shapiro, George E. Smith, Richard W. Westfall, Curtis Wilson.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262024778
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
10/23/2000
Series:
Dibner Institute Studies in the History of Science and Technology
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.75(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Introduction
Contributors
IMotivations and Methods1
1To Twist the Meaning: Newton's Regulae Philosophandi Revisited3
2The Case of the Missing Author: The Title Page of Newton's Opticks (1704), with Notes on the Title Page of Huygens's Traite de la lumiere15
3Newton's Experiments on Diffraction and the Delayed Publication of the Opticks47
4Mathematicians and Naturalists: Sir Isaac Newton and the Royal Society77
IICelestial Dynamics and Rational Mechanics103
5Newton's Mature Dynamics: A Crooked Path Made Straight105
6Newton on the Moon's Variation and Apsidal Motion: The Need for a Newer "New Analysis"139
7Newton's Perturbation Methods for the Three-Body Problem and Their Application to Lunar Motion189
8Force, Continuity, and the Mathematization of Motion at the End of the Seventeenth Century225
9The Newtonian Style in Book II of the Principia249
AppNewton on Fluid Resistance in the First Edition: English Translations of the Passages Replaced or Removed in the Second and Third Editions299
Appendix315
Some Recollections of Richard Samuel Westfall (1924-1996)317
The Background to the Mathematization of Nature321
Index341

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