Islam and Democracy in the Middle East / Edition 1

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East / Edition 1

by Larry Diamond
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0801878489

ISBN-13: 9780801878480

Pub. Date: 09/01/2003

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading

Overview

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East provides a comprehensive assessment of the origins and staying power of Middle East autocracies, as well as a sober account of the struggles of state reformers and opposition forces to promote civil liberties, competitive elections, and a pluralistic vision of Islam. Drawing on the insights of some twenty-five leading Western and Middle Eastern scholars, the book highlights the dualistic and often contradictory nature of political liberalization. As the case studies of Morocco, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, and Yemen suggest, political liberalization—as managed by the state—not only opens new spaces for debate and criticism, but is also used as a deliberate tactic to avoid genuine democratization. In several chapters on Iran, the authors analyze the benefits and costs of limited reform. There, the electoral successes of President Mohammad Khatami and his reformist allies inspired a new generation but have not as yet undermined the clerical establishment's power. By contrast, in Turkey a party with Islamist roots is moving a discredited system beyond decades of conflict and paralysis, following a stunning election victory in 2002.

Turkey's experience highlights the critical role of political Islam as a force for change. While acknowledging the enduring attraction of radical Islam throughout the Arab world, the concluding chapters carefully assess the recent efforts of Muslim civil society activists and intellectuals to promote a liberal Islamic alternative. Their struggles to affirm the compatibility of Islam and pluralistic democracy face daunting challenges, not least of which is the persistent efforts of many Arab rulers to limit the influence of all advocates of democracy, secular or religious.

Contributors: Shaul Bakhash, George Mason University; Ladan Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation for the Promotion of Human Rights and Democracy in Iran; Roya Boroumand, Abdorrahman Boroumand Foundation; Jason Brownlee, Princeton University; Daniel Brumberg, Georgetown University; Abdelwahab El-Affendi, University of Westminster; Haleh Esfandiari, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Abdou Filali-Ansary, editor of Prologues: revue maghrébine du livre; Michael Herb, Georgia State University; Ramin Jahanbegloo, Aga Khan University, London; Mehrangiz Kar, lawyer, writer, and human rights activist; E. Fuat Keyman, Koç University, Istanbul; Laith Kubba, National Endowment for Democracy; Vickie Langohr, College of the Holy Cross; Bernard Lewis, Princeton University; Russell Lucas, Wake Forest University; Abdeslam Maghraoui, Princeton University; Radwan Masmoudi, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy, Washington, D.C.; Ziya Önis; Koç University; Soli Ozel, Bilgi University, Istanbul; William Quandt, University of Virginia; Jillian Schwedler, University of Maryland, College Park; Jean-François Seznec, Columbia University and Georgetown University; Emmanuel Sivan, Hebrew University; Mohamed Talbi, independent scholar; Robin Wright, Los Angeles Times.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780801878480
Publisher:
Johns Hopkins University Press
Publication date:
09/01/2003
Series:
A Journal of Democracy Book
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
15.00(w) x 22.60(h) x 2.40(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Contents:

PART I: Democratization in the Arab World

Mohamed Talbi, A Record of Failure

Emmanuel Sivan, Illusions of Change

Laith Kubba, The Awakening of Civil Society

Daniel Brumberg, The Trap of Liberalized Autocracy

Jason Brownlee, The Decline of Pluralism in Mubarak's Egypt

William Quandt, Algeria's Uneasy Peace

Abdeslam Maghraoui, Depoliticization in Morocco

Jean-Francois Seznec, Stirrings in Saudi Arabia

Michael Herb, Emirs and Parliaments in the Gulf

Jillian Schwedler, Yemen's Aborted Opening

Russell Lucas, Deliberalization in JordanPART II: Iran and Turkey

Shaul Bakhash, Iran's Remarkable Election

Haleh Esfandiari, Is Iran Democratizing? Observations on Election Day

Ladan Boroumand, Is Iran Democratizing? Reform at an Impasse

Daniel Brumberg, Is Iran Democratizing? A Comparativist's Perspective

Ramin Jahanbegloo, The Deadlock in Iran: Pressures from Below

Mehrangiz Kar, The Deadlock in Iran: Constitutional Constraints

Soli Ozel, Turkey at the Polls: A Historic Opportunity

Ziya Onis & Fuat Keyman, Turkey at the Polls: A New Path EmergesPART III: Islam and Democracy

Abdou Filali-Ansary, Muslims and Democracy

Bernard Lewis, A Historical Overview

Robin Wright, Two Visions of Reformation

Abdou Filali-Ansary, The Challenge of Secularization

Abdou Filali-Ansary, The Sources of Enlightened Muslim Thought

Abdelwahab El-Affendi, The Elusive Reformation

Radwan Masmoudi, The Silenced Majority

Laith Kubba, Faith and Modernity

Daniel Brumberg, Islamists and the Politics of Consensus

Vickie Langohr, An Exit from Arab Autocracy

Ladan & Roya Boroumand, Terror, Islam and Democracy

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