Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform and Revolution in Central Asia

Overview

Relations between Muslims and the Russian government have long been a source of tension and never more so than today. This penetrating examination of the conflict between the central authority of the Russian Empire and its Muslim regions before, during and immediately after the Russian Revolution, illuminates this important relationship. It is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the complex dynamic between Islam and the State. This definitive history of the politics and administration of the state ...

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Overview

Relations between Muslims and the Russian government have long been a source of tension and never more so than today. This penetrating examination of the conflict between the central authority of the Russian Empire and its Muslim regions before, during and immediately after the Russian Revolution, illuminates this important relationship. It is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the complex dynamic between Islam and the State. This definitive history of the politics and administration of the state of Bukhara and its highly organized religious life is a source of many insights. It is also a superlative study of a Muslim reform movement in the context of Muslim modernism in other societies. Islam and the Russian Empire fills an important gap in our understanding of the Muslim question in the former Soviet Union and its influence on Russia’s relations with other Muslim countries.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"...Provides a unique portrait of the hitherto underanalysed Islamic modernist movement in Bukhara in the period from the mid-nineteenth century to the Bolshevik Revolution. It covers not only political thought and parties but a wide range of social, economic and historical developments in the latter part of the nineteenth century."--Fred Halliday, Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics

"A particularly valuable work. In my opinion it contains the best account of ninteenth-century Muslim societies in Central Asia. It is, I think, indispensable to an understanding of the events that followed."--Ira Lapidus, Professor Emeritus of History at the University of California, Berkeley

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781845118945
  • Publisher: I. B.Tauris & Company, Limited
  • Publication date: 3/15/2009
  • Pages: 296
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 8.50 (h) x 2.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Hélène Carrère d'Encausse is one of France’s most eminent specialists in Russian history and has been the permanent secretary of the Académie Française since 1990. She is the author of numerous books including Nicholas II and The End of the Soviet Empire.

Maxime Rodinson (1915-2004) was a French Marxist historian who specialized in the study of Islam. Among his many publications are Muhammad, a sociological biography of the Prophet, and Islam and Capitalism.

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Table of Contents

Note on the transliteration of Persian and Turkish viii

Publisher's Preface ix

Preface xi

Introduction 1

Part 1 The Origins of Reformism in Bukhara

1 Bukhara on the Eve of the Russian Conquest 7

2 The Russian Conquest: Bukhara Face-to-Face with Capitalism and the West 37

3 Preambles to Reformism 54

Part 2 In Search of an Ideology, 1900-17

4 National Awakening in Turkistan 71

5 Beginnings of Reformation in Bukhara 78

6 Era of the Secret Societies, 1910-14 89

Part 3 National Reconquest, 1917-24

7 End of the Russian Empire: Bukhara Face-to-Face with War and Revolution 119

8 The October Revolution. Alliance between the Jadids and the Bolsheviks 148

9 The People's Republic of Bukhara 167

Conclusion 185

Appendix 1 Dynasties and Rulers of the Khanate of Bukhara 193

Appendix 2 Statutes of the Benevolent Society of Bukhara for the Dissemination of Knowledge among the Masses 194

Appendix 3 The Emir of Bukhara's Manifesto of 30 March 1917 197

Appendix 4 Reform Programme for Bukhara, drawn up by the Young Bukharan Party 199

Notes 207

Select Bibliography 237

Supplementary Select Bibliography 252

Glossary of Arabic, Persian and Turkish Terms 255

Index of Subjects 261

Index of Names 265

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