Islam, Christianity and the West: A Troubled History

Islam, Christianity and the West: A Troubled History

by Rollin S. Armour
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1570754071

ISBN-13: 9781570754074

Pub. Date: 03/28/2002

Publisher: Orbis Books

Armour uses the best of contemporary research to show the reader how events such as the Crusades and the Reconquista of Spain have indelibly shaped the mindset of the West toward Islam and vice versa. He reveals how the modern political and economic system -- marked by the globalization of capitalism, technology, and science -- has been perceived by the Islamic world

Overview

Armour uses the best of contemporary research to show the reader how events such as the Crusades and the Reconquista of Spain have indelibly shaped the mindset of the West toward Islam and vice versa. He reveals how the modern political and economic system -- marked by the globalization of capitalism, technology, and science -- has been perceived by the Islamic world as a Godless secular assault on all that is holy. He ends with the Arab-Israeli conflict and the events on 11 September 2001 as the latest and most concrete manifestation of the tragic encounter between the three "Peoples of the Book."

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781570754074
Publisher:
Orbis Books
Publication date:
03/28/2002
Series:
Faith Meets Faith Series
Pages:
208
Product dimensions:
5.80(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.50(d)

Table of Contents

List of Mapsx
Prologuexi
Prefacexiii
Introduction1
1.Muhammad and the Establishment of Islam4
The Revelations and Early Years in Mecca5
Muhammad's Move to Medina9
Reclaiming Mecca14
In Praise of Muhammad16
Islam, the Religious System18
Conclusion25
2.The Spread of Islam26
The Question of War29
The Caliphate32
Islamic Civilization34
The Mediterranean36
Invasions: Turks and Mongols37
Conclusion37
3.The First Christian Responses to Islam39
Early Criticism of the Islamic Religion41
The View from the West45
History, Eschatology, and Martyrdom: The Martyrs of Cordoba47
4.Islam in the Eyes of the Medieval West: A "Deformed Image"50
The Case against Muhammad52
Islamic Practices58
Positive Words on Islam59
5.The Western Counteroffensive: The Reconquest of Spain and the Crusades to the Holy Land61
The Recovery of Spain and Portugal62
The Call for Crusade against the Holy Land63
Factors behind the Crusades64
The Significance of the Sermon66
The Nature of Crusade67
The Response to the Call69
A Calamitous Beginning70
The First Crusade72
The Second and Third Crusades74
Other Crusades76
Results of the Crusades78
6.Translating Islam: Peter the Venerable and the Spanish Connection80
7.Christian Attempts to Convert Muslims: Peaceful Missions and Conversion by Force86
The Mendicant Orders: Franciscans and Dominicans88
Conversion by Force of Arms93
8.Bridges from Christendom to Islam: Examples of Cooperation95
The Philosophers and Islam95
A Convert from Judaism96
Thomas Aquinas97
Sicily and Southern Italy: Cooperation and Forced Conversion99
9.The Renaissance: Thoughts of Rapprochement and Dialogue103
John of Segovia104
Nicholas of Cusa105
The Words of a Pope: Pius II109
Theodore Bibliander111
Conclusion113
10.The Turks as a Sign of the End of the Age: Luther and de Susannis114
Martin Luther114
The Traditional Catholic View: Marquardus de Susannis and the De Iudaeis120
11.The Sea Explorers and Western Colonialism: Europe Outflanks and Overpowers the Islamic World122
Christopher Columbus123
The Portuguese Navigators124
A Shift in Power126
Western Imperialism: The Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries127
Napoleon and the First Signs of Imperialism128
Colonialism and Islam129
Results of Western Colonialism131
12.Modern Views of Islam: From Rejection to Acceptance133
The Study of Arabic134
Early Writers from the Enlightenment134
Theological Views: Positive Elements in Islam136
Theological Views: The Negative Side137
Romanticism: The Middle East as Exotic138
The Academic Study of Islam139
Interreligious Dialogue141
Is the Qur'an the Word of God?144
From the Muslim Side145
13.Zionism and the Establishment of the State of Israel147
The Beginnings of Zionism149
British Support for Zionism152
British Power Interests and Israel154
The Balfour Declaration155
Palestinian Arabs155
Early Settlers159
The Failure of Attempts to Extricate Jews159
The Creation of the State of Israel161
The Nature of the Conflict165
Summary166
14.An Overview of Islam and the West Today167
A Resurgent Islam168
Problems between the West and the Islamic World175
The West178
Other Problem Areas179
Islam in the West180
Conclusion: The Place of Religion181
Suggestions for Further Reading183
Index185

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