Islam in Russia

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780765612830
  • Publisher: Sharpe, M. E. Inc.
  • Publication date: 5/3/2004
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 592
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.40 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures, and Maps xi
Foreword xiii
Preface xvii
Introduction xix
Part I. Islam in Russia, Past and Present: An Overview
1. Islam in Russia: The Historical Background 3
Mongol Conquest and Islam 4
Islam and the Russian Empire: Patterns of Russian Imperial Rule 6
Muslim Political Activism in Russia, 1905-1914 16
Islam and the Bolsheviks: From Allies to Enemies 20
Islam and the Soviet Experience: From Near Annihilation to Remarkable Revival 28
Soviet Islam on the Eve of the Gorbachev Era: Factors behind Islam's Vitality 33
Perestroika, Glasnost, and Gorbachev's Policy toward Islam 37
Gorbachev's Reforms: Impact on Islamic Revival 39
Conclusion 40
2. Islam in Post-Soviet Russia: A Demographic, Geographic, Institutional, Socioeconomic, Ideological, and Political Profile 42
How Many Muslims in Russia? 43
Future Demographic Outlook 44
Geographic Distribution of Russia's Muslims 45
Evolution of the Institutional Structures of Islam: Fragmentation and Reconsolidation 46
Development of the Physical and Intellectual Infrastructure of Islam 64
Muslim Political Movements 79
Different Shades of Russian Islam 79
The Appeal of Extremist Islam 85
Muslim Extremist Groups in the Russian Federation 87
Euro-Islam: The Modernist Face of Russian Islam 91
Developing an Official Muslim Position: RCM's Muslim Social Program 93
Economic Profile of Russian Muslims 97
The Muslim Establishment and the Russian Society and Government 102
The Iraq War: Source of Further Intra-Muslim Dispute 114
Islam and Orthodoxy: Dynamics of Competition and Cooperation 116
The Limited Impact of Islam on Russia's Cultural, Social, Economic, and Political Scenes 122
Conclusion 123
Part II. Identity Politics in the Russian Federation: The Islamic Factor
3. The Evolution of Russia's Post-Soviet National Identity: The Impact of the Islamic Factor 127
The Soviet Union: A Colonial Empire? 128
Socialist Utopia and the Soviet Man 129
Is Russia Going the Way of the Soviet Union? 131
Nationalism and National Identity: Diverging Concepts 136
The Evolution of Russian Identity: Ethnic and Religious Basis 141
The Role of the "Other" in the Formation of Russian Identity 143
Islam as the Hostile Other 144
The Chechen War and Its Consequences: Enhancing Islam's Image as the Hostile Other 148
Islamo-Turkic Myth-Symbol Complex: Russia as the Hostile Other 159
Russia's Other "Hostile Other": The West 161
Westernization versus Russian Authenticity 162
The Soviet Experience and the Failure of Civic Nationalism 173
Post-Soviet Spectrum of Russian Political Thought: Diverging Approaches to Nationalism, National Identity, and Islam 174
Vladimir Putin and His Vision of Russian Nationalism and National Identity 191
Religion, Ethnicity, and Identity Formation among Russian Muslims: Diverging Trends 197
Conclusion 202
4. The Evolution of Russian Federalism: The Islamic Factor 205
Soviet Federalism: Ethnic Autonomy versus Centralized Rule 207
Mikhail Gorbachev and the Rise of Ethnic Nationalism 210
Boris Yeltsin and Decentralization of the Russian State 213
The Muslim Challenge to Moscow's Rule 216
Yeltsin's Attempts to Halt Decentralization 221
Vladimir Putin's Reassertion of Central Authority 228
Muslim Nationalities in a Recentralized Russian State 233
Conclusion 242
5. Democratization and Multiparty Politics in Post-Soviet Russia: Impact on Muslim Political Mobilization and Participation 245
The Islamic Context 245
The Russian Context 247
Muslim Parties and Movements in Russian National Politics 258
Regional Islamic Parties in Russia's Muslim Republics 271
Conclusion 276
Part III. Russia and Islam: The Islamic Factor in Russia's External Relations
6. The Evolution of Russia's Foreign Policy Perspectives in the Post-Soviet Era 281
The Impact of Geography 282
Historical Experience 283
National Identity 284
Value System/Ideology 284
Domestic Context: Political Systems and Public Attitude 285
Ends and Means: Resource Constraints and Their Consequences 286
The Impact of Systemic Factors 287
Russia's Post-Soviet Foreign Policy Doctrines 289
Conclusion 311
7. The Role of Islam in Shaping Russia's Post-Soviet External Relations 313
Russia and the Muslim World before 1917 313
Revolutions in the East: Consequences for Posttsarist Russian-Muslim Relations 315
Stages of Soviet-Muslim Relations and Their Legacy for Russia 316
Conclusion 326
8. Russian Policy toward Central Asia and the Transcaucasus 327
Influence of Islam on Russian Policy toward Central Asia 327
Russia and the Transcaucasus: The Impact of the Islamic Factor 342
Islam, Russia, and the Transcaucasus after 11 September 351
Conclusion 354
9. Russia's Relations with the Northern Tier Countries 356
Pakistan and Afghanistan 356
Russian-Turkish Relations: Exercise in Ambiguity? 361
Russia and Iran: An Unequal Partnership 371
Conclusion 380
10. Russia's Relations with the Arab World and the Balkans 381
Post-Soviet Russia and the Arab World 382
Russia and the Balkans 391
Conclusion 398
11. Russian-Western Relations 400
Clash of Civilizations as the New Paradigm: The Threat of Islam 401
Islam as a Source of Discord and Cooperation 401
Conclusion 413
Conclusion: Russia's Encounter with Islam 414
Impact on Identity Formation and Worldview 415
Islam, Russia, and the World 417
Russia's Impact on Muslim Identity and Aspirations 418
Impact of the Islamic Factor on Russia's Internal Evolution 419
Difficulties of Democratic Transition in Multiethnic Posttotalitarian States 421
Appendix Maps 427
Notes 437
Selected Bibliography 543
Index 553
About the Authors 567
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