Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: Theological and Historical Affiliations / Edition 1

Islam, Judaism, and Christianity: Theological and Historical Affiliations / Edition 1

by Heribert Busse
     
 

Islam is by nature and history related to Judaism and Christianity. Muhammad grappled with conflicting attitudes toward both religions for a long period before opting for his own way. Ultimately, he acknowledged Judaism and Christianity as independent but less legitimate religions than Islam. This book illustrates with examples and citations the many ways in which… See more details below

Overview

Islam is by nature and history related to Judaism and Christianity. Muhammad grappled with conflicting attitudes toward both religions for a long period before opting for his own way. Ultimately, he acknowledged Judaism and Christianity as independent but less legitimate religions than Islam. This book illustrates with examples and citations the many ways in which Muhammad used biblical narratives to illustrate faith and actions in the spirit of the Koran, and how the prophet familiarized himself with a significant corpus of Old Testament texts through Christian transmission.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781558761445
Publisher:
Wiener, Markus Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/28/1998
Series:
Princeton Series on the Middle East
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
260
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)

Meet the Author

Table of Contents

Introduction1
The Religious Context on the Arabian Peninsula at the Time of Muhammad9
Political and Religious Background9
Trading Activities of Meccan Merchants; Ethiopia14
Relationship to the Jews18
The Meccan Sanctuary20
The Hanifs24
Muhammad's Sources26
The People of the Book (ahl al-kitab)29
Unity and Diversity in Their Religion29
Jews and Christians36
The Transgressions of the Jews42
Muhammad's Assessment of the Christians49
Severance with the People of the Book55
The Religion of Abraham59
Narratives from the Old Testament63
An Overview63
The Creation, Paradise, and the Fall65
Cain and Abel68
The Flood and Other Divine Judgments70
Abraham (Ibrahim)78
Joseph (Yusuf)88
Moses (Musa) and the Israelites93
The Kings of the Israelites104
The End of the Israelites110
Narratives from the New Testament113
An Overview113
Jesus (Isa) in the Salvation History115
Jesus Saves His Mother (sura 19:1-33)121
The Rejection of Jesus and the Falsification of God's Word; Gethsemane and the Last Supper125
Jesus' Sermon128
The Crucifixion (sura 4: 156-157)132
The Present-Day Situation and Its Foundation in History139
Introductory Comments139
The Conquests; Muslims and non-Muslims141
The Situation of Jews and Christians in the Islamic State144
Islam in Europe; Islamic Missionization153
Dialogue instead of Missionization157
Conditions for a Dialogue and Its Subject Matter165
Notes175
Index of Proper Names195
Index of Koran Verses203

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