Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization

Overview

This work explores contemporary debates on migration and integration, focusing on Euro-Muslims.It critically engages with republicanist and multiculaturalist policies of integration and claims that integration means more than cultural and linguistic assimilation of migrant communities.

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Overview

This work explores contemporary debates on migration and integration, focusing on Euro-Muslims.It critically engages with republicanist and multiculaturalist policies of integration and claims that integration means more than cultural and linguistic assimilation of migrant communities.

Read More Show Less

Product Details

Meet the Author

AYHAN KAYA is Associate Professor of Politics and Director of the European Institute at Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey. He is the author of Belgian-Turks (with F. Kentel), Euro-Turks (with F. Kentel), and Constructing Diasporas.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

List of Tables x

List of Maps xii

Acknowledgements xiii

Preface xiv

Introduction 1

The overall socio-political context: the stigmatization of Islam 4

Securitization of migration as a form of governmentality: migrants as anti-citizens 7

Security sector: winners and losers 11

Fortress Europe: ultra-politics of symbols 14

Migrants in post-social state: from welfarism to prudentialism 24

Management of ethno-cultural and religious diversity 28

The scope of the study 36

1 Germany: from Segregation to Integration 39

Hyphenated citizenship: German-Turks 45

Anatomy of German-Turkish transnational space 52

Habitats of meaning for German-Turks 57

2 France: from Integration to Segregation 62

Stigmatization and statisticalization of illegal migrants 67

Weakening of Egalitarian Republican rhetoric 70

From assimilation to the Communautes 75

Crisis of French universalism: affaire des foulard 78

Banlieu riots: a quest for Republican resistance 81

Puissance: the power of collectivity 88

3 Belgium: a Culturally Divided Land 93

The migratory process in Belgium: From Gasterbeiders (guestworkers) to Vreemdelingen (foreigners) 98

Diverse understandings of citizenship 100

Integration of immigrants: Walloon and Flemish models 103

Attitudes towards foreigners 111

4 The Netherlands: from Multiculturalism to Assimilation 116

Pillarization (Verzuiling) and depillarization of Dutch society 117

Fifth column: Islam in the Netherlands 120

Muslims in the Netherlands: colonial legacy 123

Ethnic minority policy 127

Naar Netherlands (Coming to the Netherlands)134

Structural outsiderism among Muslims 136

Dutch minority research industry 138

5 Building Communities: Comfort in Purity 141

Making and unmaking communities 142

'Imported' brides and bridegrooms: search for purity 147

Multiculturalism: a neo-colonial technique of governmentality 152

The failure of republicanism and multiculturalism 155

The need for political integration of migrants 161

6 Accommodation of Islam: Individualization vs. Institutionalization 168

Religion and state in different countries 168

Euro-Islam: politics of honour 177

The individualization of Islam among younger generations 180

Religion as a tool for emancipation: portable Islam 187

The other side of the coin: institutionalization of Islam 194

Conclusion: Transnationalizing Integration 201

Transnationalizing integration 207

Notes 210

Bibliography 223

Index 245

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