Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science. Texts and Studies, World-Maps for Finding the Direction and Distance to Mecca: Innovation and Tradition in I

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The author describes how Muslims over the centuries have determined the sacred direction (qibla) towards Mecca and presents two highly sophisticated Mecca-centred world-maps for finding the qibla. These recently-discovered world-maps have forced a reevaluation of Muslim achievements in mathematics and cartography.

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Table of Contents

Preface 1 The sacred direction in Islam in modern scholarship
Preface 2 The rediscovery of the Mecca-centred world-maps
On transliteration and the rendering of names of places and persons
Pt. I First orientations
Ch. 1 Aspects of Islamic science 3
Ch. 2 The determination of the sacred direction in Islam 47
Ch. 3 The main sources of Safavid mathematical geography 128
Pt. II New discoveries - Two Mecca-centred world-maps from Safavid Iran
Ch. 4 The instruments on which the maps are engraved 197
Ch. 5 The geographical data on the maps 213
Ch. 6 The cartographic grids 235
Ch. 7 The makers of the Safavid instruments 255
Ch. 8 Traces of European influence on the instruments 275
Ch. 9 Further reflections on Mecca-centred world-maps 329
Ch. 10 Epilogue 365
Indexes 429
App. A Partial reconstruction of the Timurid table presented by 'Abd al-Rahim ibn Muhammad 456
App. B The geographical information on various Safavid astrolabes and other instruments 478
App. C Localities and coordinates featured on the Safavid world-maps A and B 552
App. D The geographical table of al-Khazini (KHZN) 564
App. E Miscellaneous Iranian sources 586
App. F Miscellaneous Egyptian, Syrian and Ottoman Turkish sources 600
App. G Indexes of place-names 623
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