Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal: Disciples and Citizens in Fatick

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Overview

The Sufi Muslim orders to which the vast majority of Senegalese belong are the most significant institutions of social organization in the country. While studies of Islam and politics have tended to focus on the destabilizing force of religiously based groups, Leonardo Villalon argues that in Senegal the orders have been a central component of a political system that has been among the most stable in Africa. Focusing on a regional administrative center, he combines a detailed account of grassroots politics with an analysis of national and international forces to examine the ways in which the internal dynamics of the orders shape the exercise of power by the Senegalese state. This is a major study that should be read by every student of Islam and politics as well as of Africa.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...deserves a wide readership among Africanists, political scientists, and students of Islam." Choice

"...Leonardo Villalón makes an excellent contribution to what has become, in recent years, the dominant issue in African political studies—the relationship between state and society....an important and well-researched book. Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal is a must for all scholars interested in Senegal and African politics." Comparative Politics

"...[an] exemplary study....[a] beautifully researched study, rich in oral as well as documentary material." African Affairs

"The theoretically dense discussion of this issue, and the rich analysis of Islam in Senegal makes this book a significant example of the sort of case study useful for introducing students to Islam." Religious Studies Review

"...[an] intricate and intriguing study....This monograph deserves a wide readership among Africanists, political scientists, and students of Islam." Social & Behavioral Sciences

"...an important contribution to the study of the relationship of religion to politics in Senegal and more generally in the Third World." Robert Launay, American Journal of Sociology

"Through skillful use of sources and his own adroit analysis, Villalon develops his thesis convincingly....The work is useful for political scientists....Recommended for graduate students and specialists." Stephen Haarmon, Mesa Bulletin

"The author persuasively argues that Sufi brotherhoods, especially the Murid sect, have comprised the critical element in the Senegalese state's stability, exceptional in West Africa....Villalón's major work, should appeal to all Africanists interested in the social sciences." African Studies Review

"...both case study and broad statement on African politics...provides some excellent synthesis and insight into the situations of the major Senegalese brotherhoods...Villalon has given us a richly textured, well-recounted description and analysis...Islamic Society will stand for some time to come as a model of research, as case study and broadly relevant statement, and as a thorough exploration of state-society relations. It would constitute a useful study for classes in African politics." International Journal of Middle East Studies

"This book is an excellent addition to the corpus of work on Sengalese Islam in particular, as well as to our knowledge of state-society relations in Africa." Roy Dilley, Journal of Religion in Africa

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521032322
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 10/28/2006
  • Series: African Studies Series , #80
  • Edition description: Reissue
  • Pages: 360
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.79 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables
Acknowledgments
A note on spelling
Glossary
Map of Senegal
Introduction: good Africans, good citizens, good Muslims 1
1 Islam in the politics of state-society relations 15
2 The structure of society: Fatick in the Senegalese context 39
3 The state-citizen relationship: struggle over bridges 76
4 The marabout-disciple relationship I: foundations of recruiting and following 115
5 The marabout-disciple relationship II: the structures of allegiance 149
6 The state-marabout relationship: collaboration, conflict, and alternatives 200
7 Bureaucrats, marabouts, and citizen-disciples: how precarious a balance? 244
Notes 266
Bibliography 314
Index 332
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