Islamization from Below: The Making of Muslim Communities in Rural French Sudan, 1880-1960

Islamization from Below: The Making of Muslim Communities in Rural French Sudan, 1880-1960

by Brian J. Peterson
     
 

The colonial era in Africa, spanning less than a century, ushered in a more rapid expansion of Islam than at any time during the previous thousand years. In this groundbreaking historical investigation, Brian J. Peterson considers for the first time how and why rural peoples in West Africa "became Muslim" under French colonialism.

Peterson rejects conventional

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Overview

The colonial era in Africa, spanning less than a century, ushered in a more rapid expansion of Islam than at any time during the previous thousand years. In this groundbreaking historical investigation, Brian J. Peterson considers for the first time how and why rural peoples in West Africa "became Muslim" under French colonialism.

Peterson rejects conventional interpretations that emphasize the roles of states, jihads, and elites in "converting" people, arguing instead that the expansion of Islam owed its success to the mobility of thousands of rural people who gradually, and usually peacefully, adopted the new religion on their own. Based on extensive fieldwork in villages across southern Mali (formerly French Sudan) and on archival research in West Africa and France, the book draws a detailed new portrait of grassroots, multi-generational processes of Islamization in French Sudan while also deepening our understanding of the impact and unintended consequences of colonialism.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780300152708
Publisher:
Yale University Press
Publication date:
04/26/2011
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
336
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Acknowledgments xi

Abbreviations xiv

Introduction 1

1 The Wars of Samori 24

2 Reconstructing a Fragmented World 57

3 Slave Emancipation and the Expansion of Islam, 1905-1914 87

4 Coping with Colonialism 122

5 Transforming the Village 155

6 Migrants and the Dialectics of Conversion, 1930-1960 184

7 Changes in the Religious Landscape 215

Conclusion 251

Glossary 258

Notes 261

Index 309

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