Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan, and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America [NOOK Book]

Overview

When the British wrested New Amsterdam from the Dutch in 1664, the truth about its thriving, polyglot society began to disappear into myths about an island purchased for 24 dollars and a cartoonish peg-legged governor. But the story of the Dutch colony of New Netherland was merely lost, not destroyed: 12,000 pages of its records–recently declared a national treasure–are now being translated. Drawing on this remarkable archive, Russell Shorto has created a gripping narrative–a story of global sweep centered on a ...
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Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan, and the Forgotten Colony That Shaped America

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Overview

When the British wrested New Amsterdam from the Dutch in 1664, the truth about its thriving, polyglot society began to disappear into myths about an island purchased for 24 dollars and a cartoonish peg-legged governor. But the story of the Dutch colony of New Netherland was merely lost, not destroyed: 12,000 pages of its records–recently declared a national treasure–are now being translated. Drawing on this remarkable archive, Russell Shorto has created a gripping narrative–a story of global sweep centered on a wilderness called Manhattan–that transforms our understanding of early America.

The Dutch colony pre-dated the “original” thirteen colonies, yet it seems strikingly familiar. Its capital was cosmopolitan and multi-ethnic, and its citizens valued free trade, individual rights, and religious freedom. Their champion was a progressive, young lawyer named Adriaen van der Donck, who emerges in these pages as a forgotten American patriot and whose political vision brought him into conflict with Peter Stuyvesant, the autocratic director of the Dutch colony. The struggle between these two strong-willed men laid the foundation for New York City and helped shape American culture. The Island at the Center of the World uncovers a lost world and offers a surprising new perspective on our own.

BONUS MATERIAL: This ebook edition includes an excerpt from Russell Shorto's Amsterdam.
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Editorial Reviews

The New York Times
Relying on the fruits of Dr. Gehring's enterprise, Mr. Shorto has created far more than an addendum to familiar American history: a book that will permanently alter the way we regard our collective past. Without the adventurous Dutch spirit and the internecine power struggle described here, "the English would probably have swept in before Dutch institutions were established, New York would have become another English New World port town like Boston, and American culture would never have developed as it did." — Janet Maslin
NY Times Sunday Book Review
New York history buffs will be captivated by Shorto's descriptions of Manhattan in its primordial state, of bays full of salmon and oysters, and blue plums and fields of wild strawberries in what is now Midtown. Here the reader may learn, among many other historical tidbits, what the Dutch really paid for Manhattan (it wasn't $24), or the key role that Flushing played in securing freedom of conscience, or why the Knicks wear blue-and-orange uniforms, or how Yonkers, the Hutchinson River and Saw Mill River Parkways, Greenwich Village and Staten Island got their names. Yet Shorto never overwhelms one with trivia, and he writes at all times with passion, verve, nuance and considerable humor. — Kevin Baker
John Jeremiah Sullivan
This is one of those rare books in the picked-over field of colonial history, a whole new picture, a thrown-open window onto the intra-European struggles for dominance and the disputes over political philosophy that did indeed shape this country. With his full-blooded resurrection of an unfamiliar American patriot, Russell Shorto has made a real contribution...
The New York Observer
Publishers Weekly
Mining a trove of recently translated 17th-century records of New Netherland, Shorto reconstructs, in fascinating detail, the little-told story behind the Dutch settlement and its capital, Manhattan. In it, listeners meet a wide cast of characters, from early governors Peter Minuit and Peter Stuyvesant to princes, explorers, smugglers, settlers, Indians, Puritans, prostitutes and slaves. It's hard to imagine any narrator's voice remaining fresh and compelling through 15 hours of sweeping historical narrative, but Ganser comes close. In a voice imbued with robustness, Ganser juggles the delivery not only of characters, but of cultures, eras, lexicons and the occasionally intrusive persona of the author. These various layers are rendered, for the most part, in authentic fashion. Shorto's prose, however, can be overwrought and, because the narrative is built on volumes of oft-arcane legal documents, he is partial to listing, which overwhelms the ear. In addition, with so dense a narrative terrain, many listeners will lament the audiobook's lack of maps and other illustrations. But these are mostly minor quibbles when measured against the grand scope of Shorto's fascinating history and Ganser's admirable performance. Based on the Doubleday hardcover (Forecasts, Feb. 9). (Aug.) Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
Library Journal
For this popular narrative, Shorto (Gospel Truth) draws on some 12,000 public and private documents from a Dutch outpost that archivist Charles Gehring painstakingly translated for researchers in the 1960s. Shorto's resulting portrait of the vibrant society that became New York City is an entrancing one, focusing in particular on the oppositional forces of the controlling Peter Stuyvesant and the more tolerant Adriaen Van der Donck, bringing the latter, lesser-known colonial officer to light. The author exaggerates in asserting that the diversity of Dutch New York and its lasting effects on American character traits have been overlooked before his project. (See Philip Greven's 1977 study, The Protestant Temperament). However, Shorto does correctly point out that Dutch tolerance, a "grudging acceptance," was far from a belief in equality but nevertheless was forward-looking for its time. Two works published in 2003-Thelma Foote's Black and White Manhattan and Leslie Harris's In the Shadow of Slavery-provide more scholarly insights into the contradiction of the pluralistic Dutch as slave holders and traders. Shorto's book, a good read that links some characteristics of Dutch New York to today's bustling city of finance, is well worth the time of the general history enthusiast and is most appropriate for public libraries. [Previewed in Prepub Alert, LJ 11/1/03.]-Frederick J. Augustyn Jr., Library of Congress Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.
Kirkus Reviews
The all-but-forgotten origins of Manhattan, told with humor and an acute eye for primary sources. It's good to remember, the author suggests, that the early 17th century was the age of Shakespeare, Descartes, Vermeer, and Bacon, a time of change and tumult. Not the least part of that tumult was Dutch political and legal progressivism, "their matter-of-fact acceptance of foreignness, of religious differences, of odd sorts." Tolerance, in a word, though Shorto (Saints and Madmen, 1999, etc.) is quick to point out that that meant "putting up with" rather than celebrating diversity. By the time New Amsterdam had been established, more as a business settlement of the West India Company than as a colony, its babel of nationalities were seeking balance between chaos and order, liberty and oppression. "Pirates, prostitutes, smugglers, and business sharks held sway," he notes. "It was Manhattan . . . right from the start." Despite the tyrannical leanings of the colony's early directors, from Willem Kieft to Peter Stuyvesant, the crucial element that set New Amsterdam apart from its neighbors north and south was its striving toward democracy, largely in the person of Adriaen van der Donck, student of Rene Descartes and of Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius, of natural law and human reason. Van der Donck was a veritable Founding Father, the author asserts, though admitting that his authorship of many of the documents illustrating the push toward relative democracy in the colony can only be inferred. "Who was there, how they got along, how they mixed-that is the colony's unheralded legacy," writes Shorto. A struggle played out among military and diplomatic maneuverings and the revamping of the colony'spolitical structure. It was a legacy lived by the gallimaufry of Manhattanites, and it was written by Grotius as much as by John Locke. A bright social history of New Amsterdam that gives the Dutch their due as the first facilitators of its fabled diversity. Agent: Anne Edelstein/Anne Edelstein Agency
From the Publisher
"Astonishing . . . A book that will permanently alter the way we regard our collective past." --The New York Times

“A tour de force. . . . The dramatic story of New York’s origins is splendidly told. . . . A masterpiece of storytelling and first-rate intellectual history.” --The Wall Street Journal

“As readable as a finely written novel. . . . social history in the Barbara Tuchman tradition.” --San Jose Mercury News

“Literary alchemy. . . . Shorto’s exhaustively researched and highly readable book is a stirring re-examination. . . . Brilliant and magisterial narrative history” —Chicago Tribune

“Masterly . . . A new foundation myth . . .Shorto writes at all times with passion, verve, nuance and considerable humor.” —The New York Times Book Review

“Rattlingly well told–a terrific popular history about a past that beautifully illuminates the present.” —The Sunday Times [London]

“A dramatic, kaleidoscopic and, on the whole, quite wonderful book. . . . This is one of those rare books in the picked-over field of colonial history, a whole new picture, a thrown-open window. . . . [A] full-blooded resurrection of an unfamiliar American patriot.” –The New York Observer

“Deserves to be a bestseller . . .narratively irresistible, intellectually provocative, historically invaluable” –The Guardian

“A spry, informative history. . . . Shorto supplies lucid, comprehensive contexts in which to see the colony’s promise and turmoil. . . . [D]elivers the goods with clarity, color and zest.” –The Seattle Times

“As Russell Shorto demonstrates in this mesmerizing volume, the story we don’t know is even more fascinating than the one we do . . .Historians must now seriously rethink what they previously understand about New York’s origins . . .” –The New York Post

“Russell Shorto fires a powerful salvo on the war of words over America’s origins . . . he mounts a convincing case [that], in Shorto’s words, ‘Manhattan is where America began.’ Readers . . find themselves absorbed in what can only be described as a plot, revolving around two strong men with conflicting visions of the future of Dutch North America.” –America: The National Catholic Weekly

“Fascinating. . . . A richly nuanced portrait set against events on the world stage.” --Time Out New York

“Shorto brings this . . . deeply influential chapter in the city’s history to vivid, breathtaking life [with] a talent for enlivening meticulous research and painting on a broad canvas. . . . In elegant, erudite prose, he manages to capture the lives of disparate historical characters, from kings to prostitutes.” –Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

“Remarkable. . . . [C]ompulsively interesting. . . . . Shorto argues that during the brief decades of its Dutch colonial existence Manhattan had already found, once and for all, its tumultuously eclectic soul.” –New Statesman

“Shorto delineates the characters in this nonfiction drama convincingly and compellingly.” –Fort Worth Star-Telegram

“[An] absorbing, sensual, sometimes bawdy narrative featuring whores, pirates, explorers and scholars. With clarity and panache, Shorto briskly conveys the complex history of the age of exploration.” –Times Literary Supplement 

“Shorto’s book makes a convincing case that the Dutch did not merely influence the relatively open, tolerant and multicultural society that became the United States; they made the first and most significant contribution.” –American History

“Shorto’s prose is deliciously rich and witty, and the story he tells–drawing heavily on sources that have only recently come to light–brings one surprise after another. His rediscovery of Adriaen van der Donck, Peter Stuyvesant’s nemesis, is fascinating.” –Edward G. Burrows, coauthor of Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in History

“A landmark work . . .Shorto paints the emotions and attitudes of his characters with a sure hand, and bestows on each a believable, living presence.” –The Times (London)

“A triumph of scholarship and a rollicking narrative . . . an exciting drama about the roots of America’s freedoms.” –Walter Isaacson, author of Benjamin Franklin: An American Life

Library Journal - BookSmack!
Once every 1000 years or so, an archivist finds something that's both interesting and historically important. That's this book-the result of Shorto working through "12,000 sheets of rag paper covered with the crabbed, loopy script of seventeenth-century Dutch, which to the untutored eye looks something like a cross between out Roman letters and old Arabic of Thai." The pages detail the settlement and colonization of the island of New Amsterdam: our nation's first capital, our nation's most famous city. Strange to think that right there outside the concert venue, the City Winery, men would once "shoulder their muskets and go on hunting expeditions into the thick forest of what is now the skyscrapered wilderness of midtown Manhattan." Douglas Lord, "Books for Dudes," Booksmack! 10/7/10
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400096336
  • Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group
  • Publication date: 4/12/2005
  • Series: Vintage
  • Sold by: Random House
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 51,163
  • File size: 6 MB

Meet the Author

Russell Shorto is a contributing writer at the New York Times Magazine, and the author of two previous books: Gospel Truth, about the search for the historical Jesus, andSaints and Madmen, about psychiatry and religion. The hub of his research for The Island at the Center of the World was the New Netherland Project at the New York State Library, where the archives of the Dutch colony centered on Manhattan are being translated. He lives in New York’s Hudson Valley with his wife and their two daughters.

From the Trade Paperback edition.

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Read an Excerpt

Chapter 1


THE MEASURE OF THINGS


On a late summer's day in the year 1608, a gentleman of London made his way across that city. He was a man of ambition, intellect, arrogance, and drive--in short, a man of his age. Like our own, his was an era of expanding horizons and a rapidly shrinking world, in which the pursuit of individual dreams led to new discoveries, which in turn led to newer and bigger dreams. His complicated personality--including periodic fits of brooding passivity that all but incapacitated him--was built around an impressive self-confidence, and at this moment he was almost certainly convinced that the meeting he was headed toward would be of historic importance.

He walked west, in the direction of St. Paul's Cathedral, which then, as now, dominated the skyline. But the structure in the distance was not the St. Paul's of today, the serene, imperial building that signifies order and human reason, with the spirit of the Renaissance and the Enlightenment shining from its proud dome. His St. Paul's had a hunkering tower in place of a dome (the steeple that had originally risen from the tower had been struck by lightning almost half a century before and hadn't been replaced); it was a dark, medieval church, which suited the medieval market town that London still was in the early seventeenth century. The streets through which he walked were narrow, shadowy, claustrophobic, sloping toward central sewer ditches. The houses that lined them were built of timber and walled with wattle and daub--it was a city made chiefly of wood.

Since we know his destination and have some notion of the whereabouts of his house, it is possible to trace a likely route that Henry Hudson, ship's captain, would have taken on that summer day, on his way to meet with the directors of the Muscovy Company, funders of voyages of exploration and discovery. The widest thoroughfare from Tower Street Ward toward Cordwainer Street Ward was Tower Street. He would have passed first through a neighborhood that, despite being within sight of the scaffold and gallows of the Tower itself, was an area of relatively new, "divers fair and large houses," as John Stow, a contemporary chronicler, described, several of them owned by prominent noblemen.

On his left then came the dominating church of St. Dunstan in the East, and a reminder of his heritage. The Muscovy Company had not only funded at least two of Henry Hudson's previous sea voyages; going back through its history of half a century, it contained several Hudsons on its rolls. Among its charter members in 1555 was another Henry Hudson, who rose from a humble "skinner," or tanner, to become a wealthy member of society and an alderman of the City of London, and who may have been the explorer's grandfather. So our Henry Hudson was presumably born to the sea and to the company both, and inside the church he was now passing, his Muscovy Company namesake lay, beneath a gilded alabaster stone inscribed:


Here lyeth Henry Heardsons corps,

Within this Tombe of Stone:

His Soule (through faith in Christ's death,)

to God in Heaven is gone.

Whiles that he lived an Alderman,

And Skinner was his state:

To Vertue bare hee all his love,

To vice he bare his hate.


If in his walk the seaman chose to detour down the hill past the church, he would have come to the open expanse of the Thames, where the view west downriver was dominated by the span of London Bridge with its twenty stone arches, houses perched precariously along both sides of its course. Directly across the river, beckoning lowly and enticingly, lay Southwark, a wild outland and thus also the entertainment district, with brothels tucked into its alleys and, visible from here, the "bear bayting" arena, which provided one of the most popular distractions for the masses. Beyond it stood the rounded wooden structure of the Globe Theater in its original incarnation. Indeed, somewhere over on the Southwark side at this very moment, amid the tradesmen, whores, "sturdye Beggers," and "Common Players in Enterludes" that populated the borough, Shakespeare himself--at forty-four a near-exact contemporary of Hudson, then at the height of his powers and fame as the leading dramatist of the day--was likely going about his business, sleeping off a night of sack at the Mermaid with his actor friends Richard Burbage and John Heminge, maybe, or brooding over the foolscap sheets of Coriolanus, which was written about this time and which, coming on the heels of the great tragedies, may have felt a bit hollow.

Tower Street became Little Eastcheap, which in turn merged into Candlewick and then Budge Row. Hudson's business lay here, in an imposing building called Muscovy House, home of the Muscovy Company. The medieval look of the London of 1608 belied the fact that England's rise to global empire was under way, and one of the forces behind that rise lay through these doors. From the bravado of its formal name--the "Merchants Adventurers of England for the Discovery of Lands, Territories, Iles, Dominions, and Seigniories Unknown"--one might be excused for thinking it had been founded out of sheer, unstoppable exuberance. The original band of merchants and aristocrats who had formed it more than half a century earlier included many of the most distinguished men in London in the middle of the sixteenth century--the Lord High Treasurer, the Steward of the Queen's Household, the Keeper of the Privy Seal, the Lord High Admiral--as well as sundry other knights and gentlemen. But while global exploration, the great intellectual and business opportunity of the day, had brought them all together, no one considered the undertaking a swashbuckling adventure. It was desperation that drove them toward new horizons. The England of the 1540s had been a backwater, economically depressed, inward-looking, deep in the shadows of the great maritime empires of Spain and Portugal. Wool was the country's chief commodity, but English traders had been blocked from access to major European markets for more than a century. Economic stagnation was bound up with intellectual stagnation: while the Renaissance was in full flower on the Continent, English interest in the wider world was slim, and the few long voyages of exploration England had mounted were mostly led by foreigners, such as the Venetian John Cabot (ne Giovanni Cabotto). When it came to sea voyages, the English declined.

History traditionally links the rise of England in the period with the elevation of Queen Elizabeth to the throne in 1558. But one could trace it to 1547, when an intellectually voracious twenty-year-old named John Dee did something countless students since have done: spent his summer abroad and returned flush with new knowledge and insights. After an academic career at Cambridge in which he proved to be something of a mathematical genius, Dee traveled to the University of Louvain in what is today Belgium. The rich summer sun of the Brabant region might have been revelation enough, but Dee soon found himself in a lecture hall gazing at an object that was, to him, transcendent. The teacher was Gemma Frisius, a Flemish mathematician and charter of the heavens, and what Dee saw was a map astonishing in its level of detail, in the new lands it portrayed, even in its lettering. The Low Countries, he discovered, were miles ahead of his island in new learning.

Dee spent long candle-lit nights poring over Frisius's maps with a Flemish scholar named Gerhard Kremer. Kremer, an engraver by training, had, under the academic pen name of Mercator, begun to make a name for himself ten years earlier by creating a map of Palestine that rendered the Holy Land with greater accuracy than had ever been achieved. Mercator was a genuine Renaissance man--a master cartographer, an engineer of telescopes, sextants, surveying equipment, and other highly sensitive measuring devices, the author of a gospel concordance, promoter of the new italic typeface that made map print more legible--and in him Dee found a soul mate. In 1569, Mercator would publish the map that would give him his immortality, which rendered latitude and longitude as straight lines, the meridians of longitude evenly spaced and the distance between the parallels of latitude increasing in size as one approached the poles. It would solve a cumbersome problem of navigating at sea because with it sailors could plot and follow a straight course rather than have to constantly recalculate their position. (The Mercator projection is still a feature of navigational maps, although, even at that time, some mariners were as confused as later generations of schoolchildren would be by the distortions in size it caused.)

In a nice foreshadowing of the complicated intermingling between the Low Countries and the British Isles that would shape the next century, when Dee returned to London he brought with him maps, measuring instruments, and globes, created by Mercator and Frisius, that would help spark England's rise to global prominence. What Dee's English colleagues found most intriguing about the maps and globes was an area most people would ignore: the top, the Arctic Circle. Frisius's map, oriented as if looking down from the north star, showed a distinct open channel cutting across the Arctic, which was self-confidently labeled in Latin Fretum trium fratrum. The sight of the boldly indicated Strait of the Three Brothers must have made Dee's English friends gasp. The Holy Grail for all learned and adventuresome minds was the discovery of a short passage to the riches of Asia. Finding it would repay investors many times over; for the English, it would vault their economy out of the Middle Ages and into the European vanguard. The legend of the Strait of the Three Brothers was confused even at that time, but it appears to have been based on the adventures of the Corte Real brothers, Portuguese mariners who explored the area around Newfoundland at the beginning of the sixteenth century, and who, in the minds of some, sighted, or perhaps even sailed, the fabled passage to Asia before two of them vanished into Arctic oblivion. (Ironically, the Spanish also had a theory about this mythical strait, only they called it the Englishmen's Strait.) Now there it was on Frisius's map, thanks apparently to Frisius's contacts with Portuguese mariners. It was on Mercator's globe as well, labeled simply fretum arcticum, arctic strait. As with most people in any endeavor, seeing the thing in print, seeing its coasts and coves delicately but decisively rendered, confirmed its reality.

Fate, it seemed, had brought together the men, the means, and the time. The solution to England's twin crises of economy and spirit was out there. So the nation's leaders formed a business circle, chipping in twenty-five pounds per share and raising a total of six thousand pounds.

With the principals lined up and funds ready, it only remained to choose the likeliest route--either the one indicated on Frisius's map or one of several others that were now being put forth with equal confidence. The point was to find a northern passage both because such a shortcut would render obsolete the Spanish and Portuguese monopoly on the Southern Hemisphere and because any northern peoples encountered along the way would be more likely buyers for English wool. That an Arctic sea route existed was beyond anyone's doubt. The universal belief among the intelligentsia in something we know to be a physical impossibility in wooden sailing vessels rested on several arguments, such as the one put forth by the Dutch minister and geographer Peter Plancius that "near the pole the sun shines for five months continually; and although his rays are weak, yet on account of the long time they continue, they have sufficient strength to warm the ground, to render it temperate, to accommodate it for the habitation of men, and to produce grass for the nourishment of animals."

The name by which the company became known gives away what happened on the first voyage it financed. A doughty mariner named Richard Chancellor took the northeast route, and while he failed to discover a passage to the Orient, he became the first Englishman of the era to make landfall at Russia. The so-called Muscovy trade that ensued--in which the English found a ready market for their wool, and imported hemp, sperm oil, and furs from the realm of Ivan the Terrible--was so profitable that the search for a northern route to Asia was largely abandoned.

The company expanded, and the nation with it. Elizabeth ascended to the throne; Drake circumnavigated the globe; Shakespeare wrote. When, in 1588, Philip II of Spain launched an invasion fleet toward England, intending to bring the island into his empire and win its people back to Roman Catholicism, the undersized English navy shocked the world by crushing the Armada. The aftermath of the victory was one of those moments when a nation suddenly realizes it has entered a new era. Theirs wasn't a dark and chilly island after all, the English public was informed by their great poet, but a "precious stone set in the silver sea."

By the early 1600s, however, the wheel had taken another turn. The queen was dead, and the Russia trade had fallen off. Faced once again with financial crisis, the company's directors made a decision to return to their original purpose. They would resurrect the Renaissance dream, commit themselves anew to discovering a northern passage to Asia.

The man they now turned to to renew the quest is not the protagonist of this story, but the forerunner, the one who would make it possible. In the ranks of legendary explorers, Henry Hudson has been slighted: not celebrated in his time by the English public as Francis Drake or Martin Frobisher or John Cabot had been, not given nearly the amount of ink that history has devoted to Columbus or Magellan. There is a logic of personality in this: Drake had defined manhood for an era, and the Italian Cabot had a feckless charm (he was in the habit, after his celebrated return from the New World, of promising people he met in taverns that he would name islands for them), but when we come to Henry Hudson it is a dark and moody figure hovering behind the records, one seemingly more comfortable in the shadows of history. A new appreciation for the Dutch colony in North America, however, compels a reappraisal of the man whose fitful decision-making rerouted the flow of history.

Nothing is known of his early career, but the fact that he was a ship's captain indicates that he had had a lengthy one by the time we encounter him in 1608. It's reasonable to assume that he had served in the defeat of the Armada twenty years earlier, though we have no information on this. The Muscovy Company tended to start apprentices as boys and have them work through one or more aspects of the business: bureaucrat, "factor" (i.e., agent), or sailor. Thus, one Christopher Hudson, who rose to the position of governor of the company from 1601 to 1607 and whom some historians have thought was most likely Henry Hudson's uncle, had worked his way up in the sales and marketing line, serving as a company representative in Germany in his youth. Henry Hudson was in his forties when he stepped into the light of history, a seasoned mariner, a man with a strong and resourceful wife and three sons, a man born and raised not only to the sea but to the quest for a northern passage to Asia, who, weaned from infancy on the legends of his predecessors, probably couldn't help but be obsessed by it.

From the Hardcover edition.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Prologue: The Missing Floor 1
Pt. I "A Certain Island Named Manathans"
1 The Measure of Things 15
2 The Pollinator 25
3 The Island 37
4 The King, the Surgeon, the Turk, and the Whore 67
Pt. II Clash of Wills
5 The Lawman 93
6 The Council of Blood 110
7 The Cause 129
8 The One-Legged Man 146
9 The General and the Princess 167
10 The People's Champion 191
11 An American in Europe 209
12 A Dangerous Man 233
Pt. III The Inheritance
13 Booming 257
14 New York 284
15 Inherited Features 301
Epilogue: The Paper Trail 319
Notes 326
Bibliography 352
Index 373
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Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
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See All Sort by: Showing 1 – 20 of 48 Customer Reviews
  • Posted June 13, 2009

    The Island at the Center of the World.

    I am a former New York City "Big Apple Greeter" who now does tours on my own. I take out mostly families and school groups. I knew a little about the early Dutch influence but now a lot of detail. This spectacular book changed that. The way it is written allows for a free flowing narrative which almost gave it a "fiction" feel. At times, with all the names, dates and bits of information I got a little bogged down and overwhelmed. This however was not a big problem. I re-read certain sections again as I needed to. And the thoroughly inclusive index in the back allowed me to go back and quickly reference anything I needed to as I went along. The fact that I read this book is going to allow me to be a much better tour guide. I will be able to tell more interesting stories and answer questions that the "tourists" have. Somebody I know referred me to this book. I am so happy they did that they have a dinner coming ... on me.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted April 12, 2009

    A Book that Serves Multiple Purposes to All

    New York History is overlooked in the Colonial Era of the United States. In school, students are taught about how Virginia and New England played an important part of the formation of the United States. After reading this book, I found that New York combined both the buisness aspect and the tolerance aspect of the Dutch which neither New England and Virigia did in their respective colonies. The colony might have been short -lived but The Dutch influence still is present today. The government, business, historical landmarks, and other aspects of the Dutch colony still stand as a reminder that other cultures due provide a fundamental structure to the formation of the United States. As a History Major, The book taught me more about the area I live in and to appreciate the history of the area.

    2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted January 28, 2012

    The book was great. A must read for history teachers.

    This book brings back some of New York"s forgotten history that is not taught in our schools today. Russell Shorto brings back the old streets of the city to life.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted August 8, 2011

    Fascinating - Incredibly well written

    As a native New Yorker, and a history major in college, I found this book to be a fascinating and lively story of the Dutch colony of Manhattan - a story which is not often told. Shorto gives a very engaging account of the history of the Dutch colony, drawing on some 12,000 pages of documents that have been recently translated. The individuals who populated the colony truly come alive in this spellbinding narrative. A MUST read for anyone interested in not only early New York, but also how so many aspects of our popular culture today are directly tied to the colony of New Amsterdam.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Posted July 18, 2011

    Different perspective

    Well-written (always a plus for history), characters drawn well and documented, different perspective on an old subject usually drawn from a totally British point of view. I've recommended this to many lovers of history.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 24, 2014

    Highly Recommended - Hard to put down once you start

    I overheard some people discussing this book in a restaurant and was intrigued. They were so right about how good it is! It's a history of how New York City developed, not the dry way you learned in school, but the more interesting and intriguing story based on newly discovered archives. The book reads like a novel. The writing is top-notch. I loved it.

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  • Posted March 26, 2011

    I'll take Manhattan

    Shorto's account of the Dutch beginnings in Manhattan is a rollercoaster ride through philosophers, adventurers, politicians and prostitutes, a multinational corporation and early multiculturalism, and an unknown candidate for Founding Father named Adriaen Van Der Donck. And what a ride!

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  • Posted May 26, 2010

    History Made Up-Front and Personal

    Russell Shorto breathes life into the residents of New Amsterdam like no one before him, while gracing us with heretofore unwritten elements discovered by the New Amsterdam Project, based on documents which survived a fire in Albany, NY, and were painsstakingly translated from The Dutch Language of the Seventeenth Cenury over a period of ten years. The untold story of the lives of those in the original Dutch city-colony of New Amsterdam are finally revealed in characteristic colloquial splendor. A maritime Rennaissance Empire which rivaled England by far in the early seventeenth century, in every cultural regard is imaged for the tru lovers of history in personal relationships. All persons great and small in the Dutch Colony are painstakingly brought to life by Mr. Shorto, who deserves five stars across the board for his efforts. Efforts which effectively contribute to the accurate writing of previously uncovered and broadly unknown history; which in turn, broadsides our false notions of Anglo-superiority in the exploration of America. A sinking notion indeed.

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  • Posted May 16, 2010

    A Good Read!

    Recently discovered and translated original materials enlighten the history of colonial American and Manhattan in particular. If you like political, social, and religious history and if you want to know how Manhattan developed its special character as as a world capitol, you will enjoy this book.

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  • Posted April 11, 2010

    An Island of Tolerance as a Fulcrum of Empires

    This is a dramatic case study of the loss humanity suffers when only part of history is known. The Island at the Center of the World is a story of partial history written by and for the victor in the battle for empire.

    The straightforward style of this work, based upon more than two decades of translation from the original Dutch records about the European settlement of New York, compels us to wonder what other treasures await revelation in the future. We can only hope that those treasures are as revealing and instructive.

    In this perspective of history I learned two things about the world of my early ancestors. First, my early Dutch ancestors arrived only four years, rather than forty years, after my Mayflower ancestors. The tolerance that the world recognizes in the Netherlands today was a major factor in creating the Manhattan that is still a center of the world today.

    Barbara Tuchman's March of Folly has been a guide in my personal and professional life. This text should change the understanding of our world today the same as if it were Part Five of that historical analysis. We will all benefit as individuals look at the world through this lens.

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  • Posted September 12, 2009

    The New York We Forgot

    As Russell Shorto points out, the winners write the history. So his first object was to uncover the Dutch experience in New Amsterdam which the British so skillfully and derisively obscured. He found a patient and diligent researcher whom he praises almost to the point of hagiography. For without him, Shorto would have had little from which to spin his marvelous tale.

    From the explorer Hudson to the colony ruler Stuyvesant, THE ISLAND AT THE CENTER OF THE WORLD is an eye-opening revelation of the real impetus to the unique community that sprung up on the tip of Manhattan. For instance, we learn early on that the wall for which Wall St. is named was built not to keep out the "Indians" (who were an integral part of the Dutch colony) but the British. And that the silly fables about a few dollars was but a token of friendship to cement a bargain by which the enterprising Dutch could build an open community NOT buy an island.

    Shorto's magic is the life he has breathed into Charles Gehring's thirty years of painstaking scholarship among thousands of pages of boring state records. Minutes of council meetings, judicial decisions, land titles and marriages. As noted, the famous are here with great depth and vitality but also a central character new to all of us whom I leave to the author to introduce.

    Finally, Shorto traces the rocky relationship between Britain and Holland as both strove for domination of sea trade in the wake of fading Spanish and Portuguese empires. And all of it with wit and insight into their world ... and ours. Great read and a gift idea that will repay the giver with smiles and thanks.

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  • Posted June 24, 2009

    I Also Recommend:

    Excellent history of New York

    I read this book on the advice of a friend of mine. This book is excellent. Most history books put me to sleep, but this one kept me very engaged. I thoroughly enjoyed this book. It is easy to read as well as very informative. You can tell the author truely enjoys his topic and has immersed himself in the details. Great job!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 7, 2008

    A different look at history

    I was very excited to read this book and I was not dissapointed. This book reads like best selling fiction. Shorto does an amazing job of not only introducing readers to a colony that many people do not know much about, but also inviting you into the lives of ordinary and extrodinary people who helped shape America.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 4, 2007

    Overdue credit for seeds of liberty

    I haven¿t enjoyed any book so much in a long time. I loved my flashes of recognition as Shorto pointed out the traces of Dutch culture in America, and the exciting leaps and reversals of fortune before Peter Stuyvesant finally had to yield to the English. Anyone who loves liberty would have to find this book rewarding. Who knew that we got our district attorney system from a precocious disciple of Grotius himself? Not I ¿ perhaps you. Of course, as a Virginian, I was raised to think the Pilgrims got undeserved credit for all the good in our system. How welcome to find a New Yorker, no less, who agrees!

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 28, 2006

    Amazing, Surprising History

    Shorto really wrote a great book here. I had no idea that the Dutch had played such a vital role in the former colony. It really is true, as Shorto explains, that tons of information was hidden when the English started writing their own history on Manhattan Island. He writes with a great style that will keep you reading and has a way of packing in more information than you thought possible while making it flow like a novel.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted March 24, 2006

    great book

    The book is very educational and I believe complements well the book 'Albion's Seed' by David Hackett Fischer. Being half Dutch myself, I must say Russel pushes the racial and cultural tolerance thing a little too far. My New York neighbor agrees with me on that one. But anyone with common sense will be able to see beyond that. Afterall, many modern historical authors are compelled to add their two cents worth at the end of their books, politically correct or not.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted February 2, 2006

    Fascinating, humorous, visual, historical

    I am not yet finished this book, but I must say that it is one of the more enjoyable books I've read in recent history. I have learned so much about 16th and 17th century Europe, which was a remarkable time of expansion, both physically and in the mind, an extension of which became a colony called New Netherland, centered around the island of Manahata. Shorto writes beautifully. Not only is this full of great history, the story flows and the characters develop and it makes me laugh out loud while reading on the subway.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted October 18, 2005

    Interesting Addition to English America

    Like most Americans, I grew up being taught that America was a British concoction. The mores, societal norms, ideas of freedom and individual rights, came straight from mother England, were planted in New England, and blossomed into what we have come to know as America. This didn't wash with what I understood the early New England colonists to stand for - intolerance, religious fanaticism, with little regard for individual rights. How did we get from there to here? Via Dutch Manhattan as it turns out. While hardly a cake walk, the Dutch colony was, relatively speaking, a much more tolerant society that the English colonies to it's north and south. Shorto tells the story of the Dutch colony in easy, well written style. I found the chapters concerning Dutch Manhattan's very earliest years pretty dry because they are almost entirely written from legal records. Once flesh and blood characters like Van der Donck and Stuveysant are introduced the story takes on a more vibrant tone.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 16, 2005

    Good historic account

    Having lived in NYC for more than 20 years, I now have a great appreciation for the city I tried to escape from so desperately in my youth. I was quite surprised to find out that even back then Manhattan was relatively a cosmopolitan and tolerant city. These are great legacies these early Dutch settlers left us.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 3, 2005

    Dutch New Amsterdam Remembered

    Russell Shorto's narrative of the Dutch period of New York City (and State) has provided readers with a great insight into a world long ago but not long gone. 'The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan, the Forgotten Colony that Shaped America', based partly on the research/translating work of Charles Gehring, is a good introduction to this neglected period in America's history, and will also surprise those well-versed in the subject. His thesis, that the New Netherland Dutch influenced the development of American history, society, and law is not entirely new, but he does expand upon our pre-existing notions of that influence. But even though not everything here is new to some of us, what the real accomplishment is--and Shorto deserves our appreciation for it--that this book finally makes this history accessible. While other books have covered this ground, they were so bogged down with statistics and numbers that they were almost unreadable. Shorto's narrative style and his ability to bring such colorful people back to life (Hudson, Stuyvesant, van der Donck, et al.), makes his book accessible to those who might not be inclined to buy a book on this subject. On a personal level, Shorto's 'The Island at the Center of the World: The Epic Story of Dutch Manhattan, the Forgotten Colony that Shaped America', much like Burrows and Wallace's 'Gotham' brought the ancient days of my city back to life. For a moment, as I sat in Bowling Green, I was able to erase the tall buildings and populate that area with trees and small, gable-roofed houses. I could wipe away the old Custom-House and see the fort that once stood in its place. That is how good the writing is. And that's what I meant by saying Shorto's wonderful account is that of a world long ago but not long gone.

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