Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

Overview

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques ...

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Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology

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Overview

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses.

This book represents a new "earth systems" approach to catchments that encompasses the physical and biogeochemical interactions that control the hydrology and biogeochemistry of the system. The text provides a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of catchment hydrology, principles of isotope geochemistry, and the isotope variability in the hydrologic cycle -- but the main focus of the book is on case studies in isotope hydrology and isotope geochemistry that explore the applications of isotope techniques for investigating modern environmental problems.

Isotope Tracers in Catchment Hydrology is the first synthesis of physical hydrology and isotope geochemistry with catchment focus, and is a valuable reference for professionals and students alike in the fields of hydrology, hydrochemistry, and environmental science. This important interdisciplinary text provides extensive guidelines for the application of isotope techniques for all investigatores facing the challenge of protecting precious water, soil, and ecological resources from the ever-increasing problems associated with population growth and environmental change, including those from urban development and agricultural land uses

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780444815460
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 12/28/1998
  • Pages: 872

Meet the Author

Carol Kendall is a research hydrologist in the Water Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey. Since 1990, she has been chief of the "Isotope Tracers of Hydrologic and Biogeochemical Processes" project in Menlo Park, California. The purpose of this research project is to develop new methods, concepts, and applications of environmental isotopes to solve problems of national importance. She received her B.S. and M.S. in Geology from the University of California (Riverside), and her Ph.D. in Geology from the University of Maryland. Her main background is in isotope hydrology and aqueous geochemistry. Kendall is coordinator and main instructor of the 5-day Isotope Hydrology training course taught almost yearly for the USGS, and frequently teaches other short-courses. The main focus of isotopic heterogeneity in shallow systems on determining recharge mechanisms, tracing sources and reactions of nitrate in surface waters and groundwaters using oxygen and nitrogen isotopes, and applying a multi-isotope (O,H,C,N,S,Sr) approach to studying watershed hydrology and biochemistry. She has recently become fascinated with "isotope biomonitoring" --the idea of using isotopes of organisms as integrators of environmental conditions at the landscape-scale, including providing information about sources of nutrients in human-impacted environments.

Jeffrey J. McDonnell is Professor of Hydrology at the State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry. He received his B.Sc. from the University of Toronto, M.Sc. from Trent University, and Ph.D. from the University of Canterbury. His background is in physical hydrology and geomorphology. His particular interests relate tothe age, origin and pathway of subsurface stormflow and runoff processes in catchments. While working as an Assistant Professor at Utah State University, McDonnell began a working relationship with Kendall that continued for several years -- one that exploits their very different backgrounds and perspectives on catchment hydrology. McDonnell has been a Research Fellow at NASA, the Japanese Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute and Landcare New Zealand. He has received the Gordon Warwick Award from the British Geomorphological Research Group, the Horton Research Grant from the American Geophysical Union, Warren Nystrom Award from the Association of American Geographers, and the Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship from Canada. Prof. McDonnell was and Associate Editor for Water Resources Research (1996-1998) and is now an Associate Editor for Journal of Hydrology and Editorial Board member of the journals Hydrological Processes and Progress in Environmental Science. He has published about 50 papers of catchment hydrology.

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Table of Contents

Pt. I Basic Principles
Ch. 1 Fundamentals of Small Catchment Hydrology 1
Ch. 2 Fundamentals of Isotope Geochemistry 51
Pt. II Processes Affecting Isotopic Compositions
Ch. 3 Isotopic Variations in Precipitation 87
Ch. 4 Isotopic Fractionation in Snow Cover 119
Ch. 5 Isotopic Exchange in Soil Water 137
Ch. 6 Plants, Isotopes and Water Use: A Catchment-Scale Perspective 165
Ch. 7 Isotopes in Groundwater Hydrology 203
Ch. 8 Lithogenic and Cosmogenic Tracers in Catchment Hydrology 247
Ch. 9 Dissolved Gases in Subsurface Hydrology 291
Pt. III Case Studies in Isotope Hydrology
Ch. 10 Oxygen and Hydrogen Isotopes in Rainfall-Runoff Studies 319
Ch. 11 High Rainfall, Response-Dominated Catchments: A Comparative Study of Experiments in Tropical Northeast Queensland with Temperate New Zealand 347
Ch. 12 Snowmelt-Dominated Systems 391
Ch. 13 Arid Catchments 435
Ch. 14 Groundwater and Surface-Water Interactions in Riparian and Lake-Dominated Systems 467
Pt. IV Case Studies in Isotope Geochemistry
Ch. 15 Use of Stable Isotopes in Evaluating Sulfur Biogeochemistry of Forest Ecosystems 489
Ch. 16 Tracing Nitrogen Sources and Cycles in Catchments 519
Ch. 17 Carbon Cycling in Terrestrial Environments 577
Ch. 18 Tracing of Weathering Reactions and Water Flowpaths: A Multi-Isotope Approach 611
Ch. 19 Erosion, Weathering, and Sedimentation 647
Ch. 20 Applications of Uranium- and Thorium-Series Radionuclides in Catchment Hydrology Studies 679
Pt. V Synthesis
Ch. 21 Modeling of Isotopes and Hydrogeochemical Responses in Catchment Hydrology 723
Ch. 22 Isotopes as Indicators of Environmental Change 761
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