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Issues For Debate In American Public Policy: Selections From CQ Researcher, 10th Edition / Edition 10
     

Issues For Debate In American Public Policy: Selections From CQ Researcher, 10th Edition / Edition 10

by CQ Press Editors
 

ISBN-10: 1604265132

ISBN-13: 9781604265132

Pub. Date: 07/29/2009

Publisher: Congressional Quarterly, Inc.

In the tradition of nonpartisanship and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Researcher, Issues for Debate in American Public Policy investigates sixteen important and controversial policy issues. Each article gives substantial background as well as current analysis of the issue, in addition to the following special features:

a pro/con box that

Overview

In the tradition of nonpartisanship and current analysis that is the hallmark of CQ Researcher, Issues for Debate in American Public Policy investigates sixteen important and controversial policy issues. Each article gives substantial background as well as current analysis of the issue, in addition to the following special features:

a pro/con box that examines two competing sides of a single question;

a detailed chronology;

an annotated bibliography and Web resources;

photos, charts, graphs and maps.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781604265132
Publisher:
Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Publication date:
07/29/2009
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
415
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

Annotated Contents vii

Preface xiii

Contributors xv

Education

1 Student Aid 1

Has the right balance been struck between merit-based and need-based aid? 4

Has the right balance been struck between grants and loans? 6

Do private lenders deliver good value for taxpayers and students? 8

Background 9

Gradual Beginnings 9

Expanding Access 11

Borrowers and Lenders 11

Lenders Fight Back 13

Current Situation 16

In Congress 16

Loan Scandals 19

Outlook: Generation Debt 19

Notes 20

Bibliography 22

2 Discipline in Schools 25

Have zero-tolerance policies made schools safer? 29

Is racism responsible for high suspension rates among minorities? 31

Should students have more legal rights in discipline cases? 33

Background 34

Rise of Zero Tolerance 34

Violence and Bullying 38

Teacher Education 39

Current Situation 39

'Scarlet Letter' 39

SAVE Act 43

State Proposals 43

Outlook: Zero Tolerance? 44

Notes 44

Bibliography 46

Health Care

3 Reproductive Ethics 49

Should fertility medicine be regulated more vigorously? 49

Should parents be allowed to choose their babies' characteristics, such as gender? 56

Should doctors be able to refuse ART services to gay, older or single people? 60

Background 61

Stigma and Silence 61

Fertility Industry 64

Research Stinted 66

Current Situation 66

Regulating IVF 66

Social Changes 67

Outlook: Health-care Reform 67

Notes 68

Bibliography 70

4 Preventing Cancer 73

Are we screening enough people for cancer? 76

Are too few resources devoted to cancer prevention? 78

Have we paid too little attention to carcinogens in the environment? 79

Background 81

'War on Cancer'81

Losing the War 83

Environmental Consciousness 83

Current Situation 90

Action In Congress 90

Obama's Plan 91

Outlook: Prevention Ahead? 91

Notes 92

Bibliography 94

The Environment

5 Confronting Warming 97

Should states regulate carbon emissions? 100

Can local governments prevent global warming? 101

Should state and local governments do more to prepare for the consequences of climate change? 103

Background 105

States Take Charge 105

States Challenge the EPA 107

Current Situation 110

Limiting Land Use 110

Green Building 112

Cap-and-Trade 114

Focus on Renewables 115

Outlook: Will Washington Help? 115

Notes 116

Bibliography 117

6 Reducing Your Carbon Footprint 121

Are measures of individual carbon emissions valid? 124

Should government do more to encourage individuals to reduce their carbon footprints? 125

Can individual action significantly reduce global climate change? 127

Background 129

Environmental Awakening 129

'Planetary Emergency' 130

Current Situation 136

Creating Incentives 136

Obama's Plan 138

Outlook: Economic Imperatives 139

Notes 140

Bibliography 143

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

7 Gun Rights Debates 145

Should laws restricting ownership of firearms be relaxed? 149

Should laws regarding concealed weapons be relaxed? 150

Should criminal penalties for gun-related offenses be relaxed? 151

Background 154

Rewriting History 154

Drawing Lines 157

Going to Court 160

Current Situation 162

Testing Heller's Reach 162

Gaining in the States 163

Outlook: Missing the Bull's-Eye? 164

Notes 165

Bibliography 166

8 Affirmative Action 169

Has affirmative action outlived its usefulness? 172

Does race-based affirmative action still face powerful public opposition? 174

Has affirmative action diverted attention from the poor quality of K-12 education in low-income communities? 176

Background 177

Righting Wrongs 177

Reversing Course 179

Mending It 180

Current Situation 183

'Formal Equality' 183

Over Their Heads? 186

Outlook: End of the Line? 187

Notes 188

Bibliography 190

9 Wrongful Convictions 193

Are wrongful convictions a serious problem? 196

Do errors by forensic laboratories contribute to wrongful convictions? 198

Would systemic reform reduce the number of wrongful convictions? 200

Background 203

New Awareness 203

The Chicago Connection 203

Current Situation 205

New Studies 205

Legislative Initiatives 210

Outlook: New Hope 212

Notes 214

Bibliography 216

Business and the Economy

10 Vanishing Jobs 219

Will the economic stimulus bill create or save 3.6 million jobs, as promised? 222

Is retraining for new skills the best option for laid-off workers? 223

Should unemployment insurance be extended beyond what the recovery act allows? 224

Background 226

Fighting the Depression 226

Boom and Gloom 230

Reagan and Reaganism 232

Jobless Recoveries 233

Current Situation 233

Spending the Money 233

Governors' Resistance 235

Layoff Alternatives 236

Outlook: The 'Great Recession' 236

Notes 238

Bibliography 241

11 Financial Bailout 245

Will the bailout plan work? 247

Did Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac cause the financial crisis? 249

Should Congress adopt tougher regulatory reforms? 252

Background 254

First Sparks 254

Soaring Home Prices 254

Takeover of Fannie, Freddie 258

Rescue Plan 258

Current Situation 261

Red Ink 261

Fate of Fannie, Freddie 263

Placing Blame 263

Outlook: Major Changes? 264

Notes 265

Bibliography 267

12 Middle-Class Squeeze 269

Is a stable middle class a thing of the past? 272

Is overconsumption at the root of the middle class' problems? 274

Are aggressive new government programs needed to bolster the middle class? 275

Background 277

Evolving Concept 277

Downward Slide 279

Impact of Globalization 281

Current Situation 284

Narrowing the Gap 284

Cash-Strapped States 286

Outlook: Silver Lining? 287

Notes 287

Bibliography 290

13 Auto Industry's Future 293

Was the bailout the right move? 296

Is the UAW primarily to blame for Detroit's woes? 298

Can the domestic automakers survive? 300

Background 301

Bumps in the Road 301

Mileage Mandate 301

Foreign Automakers Arrive 303

Outdated Dealer System 305

Global Trade 307

Current Situation 308

Government Rescue 308

Obama's Approach 310

Global Crisis 310

Outlook: Too Many Cars? 311

Notes 312

Bibliography 315

Homeland Security and Foreign Policy

14 Mexico's Drug War 317

Is the U.S. response to Mexico's crisis adequate? 320

Should the United States do more to stop arms trafficking to Mexico? 321

Should the United States do more to curb U.S. demand for drugs? 324

Background 326

Rustic Roots 326

U.S. Demand 326

Corruption Exposed 330

New Wars 331

Current Situation 332

Evaluating 'Mérida' 332

Human Rights 334

Outlook: Winnable Challenge? 335

Notes 336

Bibliography 339

15 Closing Guantánamo 341

Should the government continue repatriating Guantánamo detainees to other countries? 344

Should Guantánamo detainees be prosecuted in civilian courts? 345

Should some Guantánamo detainees be held indefinitely without military or civilian trial? 346

Background 348

'The Least Worst Place' 348

'A Law-Free Zone'? 349

'An Enormous Failure' 351

Current Situation 354

Detainee Cases Reviewed 354

Torture Suits Stymied 356

Outlook: Looking for Closure 359

Notes 361

Bibliography 362

16 Homeland Security 365

Does al Qaeda remain a danger within the United States? 368

Is the Department of Homeland Security set up effectively to spot potential threats? 370

Is the United States focusing anti-terrorism resources in the right places? 371

Background 372

Mideast Conflict 372

On U.S. Soil 373

Al Qaeda 374

Homeland Security 376

Current Situation 380

Testing Time 380

Back to Court 382

Outlook: The Next Generation 383

Notes 384

Bibliography 386

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