Issues in Aging / Edition 3

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Overview

Opportunities and Optimism in Aging

Issues in Aging, 3rd edition takes an optimistic view of aging and human potential in later life.

This book presents the most up-to-date facts on aging today, the issues raised by these facts, and the societal and individual responses that will create a successful old age for us all.

Mark Novak presents the full picture of aging- exhibiting both the problems and the opportunities that accompany older age. The text illustrates how generations are dependent on one another and how social conditions affect both the individual and social institutions.

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book, readers will be able to:

  • Understand how large-scale social issues — social attitudes, the study of aging, and demographic issues affect individuals and social institutions
  • Identify the political responses to aging and how individuals can create a better old age for themselves and the people they know
  • Separate the myths from the realities of aging
  • Recognize the human side of aging
  • Trace the transformation of pension plans, health, and opportunities for personal expression and social engagement to the new ecology of aging today

Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a ValuePack of the text + MySearchLab with Pearson eText (at no additional cost). ValuePack ISBN-10: 020586368X / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205863686

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

Thank you to the following reviewers:

Eldon Wegner University of Hawaii at Manoa
Maria Claver California State University, Long Beach
Wei Zhang

University of Hawaii at Manoa


“This textbook is excellent in providing a highly readable and highly up-to-date introduction to the field of social gerontology.”

-Eldon Wegner, University of Hawaii at Manoa

“I am very impressed with this text. It presents all of the necessary information in a fresh and modern way.”

-Maria Claver , California State University, Long Beach

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205831951
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/25/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 576
  • Sales rank: 264,333
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Novak is Dean and Associate Vice President of the Department of International and Extended Studies at San Jose State University. He has a taught a course in Aging and Society for over 20 years.

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Table of Contents

IN THIS SECTION:

1.) BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS

2.) FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS


BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Chapter 1: Aging Today

Chapter 2: Theories and Methods

Chapter 3: Demography

Chapter 4: Personal Health and Well-Being

Chapter 5: The Life Course

Chapter 6: Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 7: The Health Care System

Chapter 8: Finances and Economics

Chapter 9: Retirement and Work

Chapter 10: Housing and Transportation

Chapter 11: Leisure, Recreation, and Education

Chapter 12: Family Life and Social Support

Chapter 13: Social Support

Chapter 14: Death and Dying

Chapter 15: Politics and Policies


FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Chapter 1: Aging Today

Why Study Aging?

Ageism

Culture as A Source of Ageism

The Media as a Source of Ageism

Lack of Knowledge as a Source of Ageism

Some Facts on Aging Today

Victimization by Fraud

Effects of Victimization

Fear of Crime

The Ageless Self: Another Form of Ageism

Responses to Ageism

Change on the Horizon

The Media

The Senior Market: A New Image of Aging

Education Programs

Intergenerational Programs

Legislation and Social Action

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 2: Theories and Methods

The Study of Aging: Past and Present

Early Developments in Research

Gerontology Research Today

Is Gerontology A Discipline?

Theories of Aging

Two Levels of Theories

Three Theoretical Perspectives

Interpretive Perspective

Critique of the Interpretive Perspective

Functionalist Perspective

Age Stratification Theory: An Example of the Functionalist Perspective

Individual Aging

Societal Change

Critique of the Functionalist Perspective

Conflict Perspective

Critique of the Conflict Perspective

New Developments in Theory

Experimental Designs

Cross-Sectional Designs

Longitudinal Designs

Quantitative and Qualitative Methods

The Humanities

Information Literacy: The Challenge of the Internet

Ethical Issues in Research

The Future of Gerontological Theory and Methods

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 3: De mography

The Challenge of Population Aging

What Is Population Aging

The Demographic Transition

Three Types of Societies and Population Aging

The Less Developed Nations

China: A Case study of Population Aging in a Developing Nation

The Least Developed Nations

Ghana: A Case Study of Population Aging in a Least Developed Nation

Summary of Aging in Developing and Least Developed Nations

The developed nations

Japan: A Case Study of Population Aging in a Developed Nation

Population Aging in the United States

Increased Numbers of Older People

Increased Proportion of Older People

The Causes of Population change

Migration

Death Rates

Birth Rates

The Challenges of an Aging Population

The Aging of the Older Population

Ethnic and Racial Variations

Regional Distribution

Accumulation

Recomposition

Congregation

Interstate Migration

Amenity Migration

Retirement

Moderate Disability

Major Chronic Disability

Urban–Rural Distribution

Changes in the Sex Ratio

The Impact of Population Aging

Support (or Dependency Ratios)

Critique of Dependency Ratios

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 4: Personal Health and Well-Being

Biological Aging

Theories of Biological Aging

Programmed Theories

Programmed Senescence

Endocrine and Immunological Theory

Error Theories

Somatic Mutation Theory

Cross-Linking Theory

Free Radicals Theory

Other Theories

The Effects of Aging on Body Systems

Musculoskeletal System

Sensory Changes

Taste, Smell, and Touch

Sight

Hearing

Personal Health and Illness

Changes in Health Status

Limits on Activity Due to Physical Decline

Coping with Physical Change

Improvements in Technology

Improvements in the Environment

Improvements in Self-Care

Improvements in Lifestyle

Compression of Morbidity Hypothesis

Successful Aging

Rowe and Kahn’s Model of Successful Aging

The SOC Model of Successful Aging

A Life Course Model of Successful Aging

Anti-Aging Medicine and Science

Social Inequality and Personal Health

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 5: The Life course

Memory and Intelligence

Experience and Mental Function in Later Life: The Study of Reading

Summary of Memory Research

Intelligence

New Models of Mental Ability in Later Life

The Study of Wisdom in Later Life

Creativity

Personality Development and the Self

Self-Development in Later Life

Spirituality: The Search for Meaning in Later Life

Social Psychological Change

Disengagement Theory

Activity Theory

Continuity Theory

The Life Course Perspective

The Structure of the Life Course

Life Events

Psychological disorders: abnormal aging

Organic Disorders: Cognitive Impairment in Later Life

Functional Disorders

Loneliness

Social Breakdown and Reconstruction

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 6: Race and Ethnicity

Who Are the Minority Elderly?

Why Study Minority Aging?

Demographic Characteristics of Dominant and Minority Group Elders

Whites: The Dominant Group Older Population

The Minority Older Population

Diversity of the Minority Population

Aging of the Minority Population

Three Theories on Minority Group Aging

Multiple Jeopardy

Critique of Multiple Jeopardy Theory

Leveling

The Life Course Perspective

Institutional Completeness: An Example of Life Course Differences

Structured Inequality and Personal History

The Impact of Minority Group Membership on Aging

A Look at Four Minority Groups

African Americans

Hispanic Americans

Asian Americans

American Indians and Alaskan Natives (AIAN)

Responses to Minority Group Aging

Future Issues

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 7: The Health Care System

Three Models of Health Care

The Medical Model

The Social Model

The Health Promotion Model

The U.S. Health Care System Today

Medicare

Medicaid

Employer-Sponsored Health Care Plans

Medigap and Long-Term Care Insurance

The Health Care System and the Cost of Care

Long-term Care: A Response to Older People’s Needs

Institutional Care

Community-Based Services

Managed Care: Alternative Delivery Methods

Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

Beyond Fitness and Personal Health Promotion

Future Issues in Health Care

Availability

Accessibility

Coordination

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 8: Finances and Economics

Historical Development of the U.S. Pension System

The U.S. Retirement Income System Today

Level One: Social Security

Level Two: Employment Pensions

Level Three: Personal Assets and Other Income

The Impact of the Retirement Income System on Older People’s Incomes

Inequality in Later Life

Age Differences and Income

Gender and Income

Marital Status and Income

Minority Status and Income

Pension Reform

Social Security Reform

Supplemental Security Income Reform

Private Pension Reform

The Future

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 9: Retirement and Work

The Social Origins of Retirement

Retirement in the United States Today

Women and Retirement

Minorities and Retirement

Alternatives to Retirement

Early Retirement

Partial Retirement

Second Careers

Personal Responses to Retirement

Social Structures and Retirement

The Dual Economy

Displaced Workers

The Future of Retirement

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 10: Housing and Transportation

Living Arrangements

An Ecological Model of Housing

Housing Options

Single-Family Homes

Apartment Living

Congregate Housing and Assisted (Apartment) Living

Subsidized Housing

Single Room Occupancy (SRO)

Supportive Housing

Accessory Dwelling Units

Home Sharing

Retirement Communities

Continuing Care Retirement Communities

Low-Income, Rural, and Minority Housing

Homelessness

The Future of Housing

Transportation

Public Transportation

Private Transportation

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 11: Leisure, Recreation, and Education

Leisure

Age and Leisure

Gender and Leisure

Minority Status and Leisure

Leisure Education

New Activities in Old Age

Outdoor Recreation

Fitness, Health, and Well-Being

Senior Centers

Education

Formal Higher Education

Informal Educational Options

Elderhostel

Lifelong Learning Institutes

The Future of Education for Older People

Community Service and Volunteer Work

Volunteer Opportunities

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 12: Family Life and Social Support

Marriage and Widowhood

Marital Status

Widowhood

Sexuality

Grandparenting

The Future of the Family

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 13: Social Support

What is Informal Social Support?

Family Life and Family Supports

Informal Supports for Older People

The Role of Formal Supports

Supports for Childless Older People

Minority Differences in Social Support

Websites to Consult

Caregiving

Gender Roles and the Challenge of Caregiving

The Future of Informal Support

Eldercare and the Workplace

Older People as Family Supporters

Elder Abuse

The Future of Social Supports

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 14: Death and Dying

Death and Society

Death in Old Age

The Experience of Dying

Institutional Death

Changes in the Treatment of the Dying

Stages of Death and Dying

Hospice Care

Palliative Care

Ethical Issues

Advance Directives

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Mourning and Grief

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Chapter 15: Politics and Policies

Voting

Participation Trends among Older Voters

Will Older People Form a Voting Bloc?

Holding Political Office

Advocacy

The American Association of Retired Persons

The Limits of Advocacy

The Medicare Modernization Act (MMA)

Activism

Government and Aging Policy

The Older Americans Act

Generational Equity

Civic Engagement

The Future of Aging, Politics, and Policy

Conclusion

Summary

Discussion Questions

Suggested Reading

Websites to Consult

Works Consulted

Glossary of Terms

Index

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