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Research & Education Association
Publication date:
Flash Card Books
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Product dimensions:
6.34(w) x 8.26(h) x 1.58(d)

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction
1.1Matter and Its Properties1
1.2Conservation of Matter3
1.3Laws of Definite and Multiple Proportions3
1.4Energy and Conservation of Energy6
Quiz: Introduction12
Chapter 2Stoichiometry, Chemical Arithmetic
2.1The Mole15
2.2Atomic Weight15
2.3Molecular Weight and Formula Weight17
2.4Equivalent Weight17
2.5Balancing Chemical Equations18
2.6Calculations Based on Chemical Equations20
2.7Limiting-Reactant Calculations22
2.8Theoretical Yield and Percentage Yield23
2.9Percentage Composition24
2.10Density and Molecular Weight26
2.11Weight-Volume Relationships27
Quiz: Stoichiometry, Chemical Arithmetic30
Chapter 3Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
3.1Atomic Spectra33
3.2The Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom33
3.3Electric Nature of Atoms38
3.4The Wave Mechanical Model41
3.5Subshells and Electron Configuration42
3.7Transition Elements and Variable Oxidation Numbers48
3.8Periodic Table48
3.9Properties Related to the Periodic Table49
Quiz: Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table51
Chapter 4Bonding
4.1Types of Bonds55
4.2Intermolecular Forces of Attraction57
4.3Double and Triple Bonds59
4.4Resonance Structures60
4.5Electrostatic Repulsion and Hybridization60
4.6Sigma and Pi Bonds62
4.7Properties of Ionic Substances63
4.8Properties of Molecular Crystals and Liquids63
Quiz: Bonding64
Chapter 5Chemical Formulas
5.1Chemical Formulas67
5.2Naming Compounds67
5.3Writing Formulas69
5.4Empirical and Molecular Formulas70
Chapter 6Types and Rates of Chemical Reactions
6.1Types of Chemical Reactions72
6.2Measurements of Reaction Rates73
6.3Factors Affecting Reaction Rates74
6.4The Arrhenius Equation: Relating Temperature and Reaction Rate74
6.5Activation Energy76
6.6Reaction Rate Law78
6.7Collision Theory of Reaction Rates80
Quiz: Chemical Formulas - Types and Rates of Chemical Reactions82
Chapter 7Gases
7.1Volume and Pressure86
7.2Boyle's Law88
7.3Charles' Law90
7.4Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures91
7.5Law of Gay-Lussac93
7.6Ideal Gas Law94
7.7Combined Gas Law96
7.8Avogadro's Law (The Mole Concept)97
7.9Real Gases99
7.10Graham's Law of Effusion and Diffusion101
7.11The Kinetic Molecular Theory103
Quiz: Gases104
Chapter 8Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes
8.2Heat of Vaporization and Heat of Fusion109
8.3Raoult's Law and Vapor Pressure111
8.4Boiling Point and Melting Point112
8.6Phase Diagram114
8.7Phase Equilibrium115
Quiz: Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes116
Chapter 9Properties of Solutions
9.1Types of Solutions119
9.2Concentration Units119
9.3The Solution Process123
9.4Heat of Solution124
9.5Solubility and Temperature124
9.6Effect of Pressures on Solubility126
9.7Fractional Crystallization126
9.8Fractional Distillation126
9.9Vapor Pressures of Solutions127
9.10Colligative Properties of Solutions128
9.11Osmotic Pressure130
9.12Interionic Attractions132
Quiz: Properties of Solutions133
Chapter 10Acids and Bases
10.1Definitions of Acids and Bases137
10.2Properties of Acids and Bases138
10.3Factors Influencing the Strengths of Acids139
Chapter 11Acid-Base Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions
11.1Ionization of Water, pH140
11.2Dissociation of Weak Electrolytes143
11.3Dissociation of Polyprotic Acids145
11.6Acid-Base Titration: The Equivalence Point150
11.7Acid-Base Indicators152
Quiz: Acids and Bases - Acid-Base Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions153
Chapter 12Chemical Equilibrium
12.1The Law of Mass Action156
12.2Kinetics and Equilibrium158
12.3Thermodynamics and Chemical Equilibrium159
12.4The Relationship Between K[subscript p] and K[subscript c]161
12.5Heterogeneous Equilibria162
12.6Le Chatelier's Principle and Chemical Equilibrium163
Quiz: Chemical Equilibrium165
Chapter 13Chemical Thermodynamics
13.1Some Commonly Used Terms in Thermodynamics170
13.2The First Law of Thermodynamics172
13.3Reversible and Irreversible Processes173
13.5Heat of Reaction176
13.6Hess' Law of Heat Summation178
13.7Standard States179
13.8Bond Energies179
13.9Spontaneity of Chemical Reactions181
13.11The Second Law of Thermodynamics182
13.12Standard Entropies and Free Energies183
Quiz: Chemical Thermodynamics184
Chapter 14Oxidation and Reduction
14.1Oxidation and Reduction188
14.2Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions Using the Oxidation Number Method189
14.3Balancing Redox Equations: The Ion-Electron Method190
14.4Non-Standard-State Cell Potentials193
14.5Electrolytic Cells194
14.6Faraday's Law195
14.7Voltaic Cells196
Quiz: Oxidation and Reduction199
The Periodic Table204

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