James Van Allen: The First Eight Billion Miles

Overview

Astrophysicist and space pioneer James Van Allen (1914-2006), for whom the Van Allen radiation belts were named, was among the principal scientific investigators for twenty-four space missions, including Explorer I in 1958, the first successful U.S. satellite; Mariner 2’s 1962 flyby of Venus, the first successful mission to another planet; and the 1970s Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 missions that surveyed Jupiter and Saturn. Although he retired as a University of Iowa professor of physics and astronomy in 1985, he ...

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James Van Allen: The First Eight Billion Miles

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Overview

Astrophysicist and space pioneer James Van Allen (1914-2006), for whom the Van Allen radiation belts were named, was among the principal scientific investigators for twenty-four space missions, including Explorer I in 1958, the first successful U.S. satellite; Mariner 2’s 1962 flyby of Venus, the first successful mission to another planet; and the 1970s Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 missions that surveyed Jupiter and Saturn. Although he retired as a University of Iowa professor of physics and astronomy in 1985, he remained an active researcher, using his campus office to monitor data from Pioneer 10—on course to reach the edge of the solar system when its signal was lost in 2003—until a short time before his death at the age of ninety-one. Now Abigail Foerstner blends space science drama, military agendas, cold war politics, and the events of Van Allen’s lengthy career to create the first biography of this highly influential physicist.

Drawing on Van Allen’s correspondence and publications, years of interviews with him as well as with more than a hundred other people, and declassified documents from such archives as the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the Kennedy Space Center, and the Applied Physics Laboratory, Foerstner describes Van Allen’s life from his Iowa childhood to his first experiments at White Sands to the years of Explorer I until his death in 2006.

Often called the father of space science, James Van Allen led the way to mapping a new solar system based on the solar wind, massive solar storms, and cosmic rays. Pioneer 10 alone sent him more than thirty years of readings that helped push our recognition of the boundary of the solar system billions of miles past Pluto. Abigail Foerstner’s compelling biography charts the eventful life and time of this trailblazing physicist.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781587297953
  • Publisher: University of Iowa Press
  • Publication date: 6/1/2009
  • Edition description: 1
  • Pages: 396
  • Sales rank: 1,441,828
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.20 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Abigail Foerstner teaches science writing and news writing in the graduate program at Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism. She is the author of Picturing Utopia: Bertha Shambaugh and the Amana Photographers (Iowa, 2000) and of hundreds of articles on science, history, and the visual arts. As a staff reporter for the suburban sections of the Chicago Tribune, she covered science and the environment for nearly ten years. She spent seven years researching and writing James Van Allen: The First Eight Billion Miles.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments ix

Introduction xv

Abbreviations and Acronyms xix

1 Frontier Roots 1

2 Heartland Boyhood 16

3 The Making of a Scientist 35

4 Physicists to the War Effort 50

5 Enter Abigail Fithian Halsey 67

6 The Dawn of Space Exploration 75

7 The Mighty Little Aerobee 93

8 It's a Rocket! It's a Balloon! It's a Rockoon! 106

9 Sputnik and the Space Race 122

10 Countdown to Explorer I 142

11 Celebrity Scientist and the Birth of NASA 161

12 Discovery of the Radiation Belts 175

13 Space Shield for the Cold War 187

14 Space as a Cottage Industry 200

15 The Mariners 213

16 Pioneers to the Outer Planets 229

17 Space Politics 248

18 Journey to the Edge of the Solar System 265

Notes 277

Selected Bibliography 295

Index 301

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