Jane Austen and Charles Darwin: Naturalists and Novelists

Jane Austen and Charles Darwin: Naturalists and Novelists

by Peter W. Graham
     
 

Are Austen and Darwin the two great English empiricists of the nineteenth century? Peter W. Graham brings these two icons of nineteenth-century British culture into intellectual conversation by situating both writers in the empirical tradition. Employing trenchant analysis informed by a wealth of historical and biographical detail and recent work by historians of… See more details below

Overview

Are Austen and Darwin the two great English empiricists of the nineteenth century? Peter W. Graham brings these two icons of nineteenth-century British culture into intellectual conversation by situating both writers in the empirical tradition. Employing trenchant analysis informed by a wealth of historical and biographical detail and recent work by historians of science, Graham's comparative study gives us a new entree into Austen's and Darwin's writings.

Are Jane Austen and Charles Darwin the two great English empiricists of the nineteenth century? Peter W. Graham poses this question as he brings these two icons of nineteenth-century British culture into intellectual conversation in his provocative new book. Graham shows that while the one is generally termed a naturalist (Darwin's preferred term for himself) and the other a novelist, these characterizations are at least partially interchangeable, as each author possessed skills that would serve well in either arena. Both Austen and Darwin are naturalists who look with a sharp, cold eye at the concrete particulars of the world around them. Both are in certain senses novelists who weave densely particularized and convincingly grounded narratives that convey their personal observations and perceptions to wide readerships. When taken seriously, the words and works of Austen and Darwin encourage their readers to look closely at the social and natural worlds around them and form opinions based on individual judgment rather than on transmitted opinion.

Graham's four interlocked essays begin by situating Austen and Darwin in the English empirical tradition and focusing on the uncanny similarities in the two writers' respectivecircumstances and preoccupations. Both Austen and Darwin were fascinated by sibling relations. Both were acute observers and analysts of courtship rituals. Both understood constant change as the way of the world, whether the microcosm under consideration is geological, biological, social, or literary. Both grasped the importance of scale in making observations. Both discerned the connection between minute, particular causes and vast, general effects. Employing the trenchant analytical talents associated with his subjects and informed by a wealth of historical and biographical detail and the best of recent work by historians of science, Graham has given us a new entree into Austen's and Darwin's writings.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780754658511
Publisher:
Ashgate Publishing, Limited
Publication date:
02/28/2007
Series:
The Nineteenth Century Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
214
Product dimensions:
6.40(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Abbreviations

1 "3 or 4 Families in a Country Village," or Naturalists, Novelists, Empiricists, and Serendipidists 1

2 "An Entangled Bank," or Sibling Development" in a Family Ecosystem 47

3 "Marry - Mary - Marry" 87

4 Variations on Variation 133

Select Bibliography 183

Index 191

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