Japanese-American Civilian Prisoner Exchanges and Detention Camps, 1941-45 (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia Series #37)
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Japanese-American Civilian Prisoner Exchanges and Detention Camps, 1941-45 (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia Series #37)

by Bruce Elleman
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0415331889

ISBN-13: 9780415331883

Pub. Date: 05/01/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This book considers the negotiation and conduct of civilian prisoner exchanges between the United States and Japan during the Second World War. To locate Japanese citizens and American citizens of Japanese descent willing to be repatriated, during early 1942 the United States government gathered approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans into relocation centers. Critics

Overview

This book considers the negotiation and conduct of civilian prisoner exchanges between the United States and Japan during the Second World War. To locate Japanese citizens and American citizens of Japanese descent willing to be repatriated, during early 1942 the United States government gathered approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans into relocation centers. Critics have often attacked these relocation centers for serving no purpose, except perhaps to humiliate and punish innocent persons of Japanese descent. This book reveals that there was a very pressing motive for establishing the relocation centers-to facilitate the Japanese-American official and non-official exchange program-and they accomplished this goal superbly. Utilizing recently released archival documents, this book examines the details of the diplomatic negotiations, the actual mechanics underlying the two successful exchanges, the reasons for the termination of the exchange program, and its final outcome. It highlights the important links between the civillian prisoner exchange negotiations and Washington's decision to employ the Japanese-American war relocation centers to identify suitable candidates for repatriation. It provides compelling evidence that the war relocation centers were created and administered in a manner that sought to satisfy Japan's concerns over reciprocity and its subsequent demand that the U.S. government provide for the safely and well-being of the Japanese, even those who had refused repatriation. Overall, this book provides a thorough and insightful examination of the hitherto little-known, but fascinating, story of Japanese-American civilian prisoner exchanges during the Second WorldWar.

About the Author:
Bruce Elleman is Associate Professor at the Maritime History Department of the U.S. Naval War College

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415331883
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
05/01/2006
Series:
Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia Series, #37
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction     1
The origin of the Japanese-American exchange program     8
Non-officials and the U.S.-Japanese exchange agreement     23
Exchanging journalists and non-officials from outside the U.S.     35
Final U.S.-Japanese negotiations for the first exchange ship     45
Creating the Japanese-American war relocation centers     55
Life in the war relocation centers     65
Tokyo protests mistreatment of officials and its impact on the second exchange     79
Rising tensions at the Tule Lake Segregation Center     96
Tokyo protests mistreatment of non-officials and the delay of the third exchange     114
Negotiating safe passage and the sinking of Awa Maru     131
Conclusions     141
Notes     148
Bibliography     169
Index     173

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