Japanese Education since 1945


This study of postwar Japanese education includes major educational documents that shed light on this important period and provide a guide to understanding the development of Japanese educational policy.
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This study of postwar Japanese education includes major educational documents that shed light on this important period and provide a guide to understanding the development of Japanese educational policy.
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Editorial Reviews

Selected documents (all in English--some translated from the Japanese) related to Japanese education are presented in four sections: war, defeat, and occupation, 1890-1952; consolidation and reversal of course, 1953-1960; economic expansion and student unrest, 1960-1973; and from "oil shock" to economic giant, 1973-1990. An introductory chapter by Beauchamp sets the documents in their historical context. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780873325615
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/31/1993
  • Pages: 368
  • Lexile: 1620L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 6.23 (w) x 8.97 (h) x 1.19 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Pt. I Japanese Education and the Development of Postwar Education Policy, 1945-1985
Introduction: Japanese Education since 1945 3
Pt. II Selected Documents
1 Imperial Rescript on Education (October 30, 1890) 37
2 Japan: The Education System under Military Government (PWC-287a) (November 6, 1944) 38
3 Positive Policy for Reorientation of the Japanese (SWNCC 162/D) (July 19, 1945) 45
4 The Potsdam Proclamation (July 26, 1945) 49
5 School Education under the New Situation (I) (Hatsu Sen No. 118) (August 28, 1945) 50
6 United States Initial Post-Surrender Policy for Japan (August 29, 1945) 51
7 Educational Situation at End of the War (Fall 1945) 52
8 School Education under the New Situation (II) (Hatsu Koku No. 184) (September 12, 1945) 53
9 Educational Policy for the Construction of a New Japan (September 15, 1945) 55
10 Plan for Educational Control in Japan under Military Occupation (September 26, 1945) 58
11 Administration of the Educational System of Japan (October 22, 1945) 62
12 Problems Involved in Japanese Educational Reforms (October 26, 1945) 64
13 Memorandum on Investigation, Screening, and Certification of Teachers and Educational Officers (October 30, 1945) 68
14 Abolition of State Shinto (December 15, 1945) 70
15 Staff Study on Proposed Education Mission (CIE, GHQ, SCAP) (December 27, 1945) 71
16 Suspension of Courses in Morals (Shushin), Japanese History, and Geography (December 31, 1945) 74
17 Imperial Rescript on Reconstruction (January 1, 1946) 75
18 Committee of Japanese Educators (January 9, 1946) 77
19 Reorientation of the Japanese (February 15, 1946) 79
20 Bases for Educational Reconstruction (March 8, 1946) 82
21 Report of the [First] U.S. Education Mission: Digest (March 1946) 85
22 A Guide for the "New Education" (June 30, 1946) 90
23 The Constitution of Japan (November 3, 1946) 95
24 Revision of the Japanese Educational System (March 27, 1947) 97
25 School Education Law (Law No. 26) (March 29, 1947) 101
26 The Fundamental Law of Education (Law No. 25) (March 31, 1947) 109
27 The Japan Teachers' Union: Main Principles, Bylaws, Proclamations, Resolutions, Summary of Activities, Public Statements (First Convention, June 8, 1947) 112
28 Appeal to Educators (June 20, 1947) 116
29 The Board of Education Law (Law No. 170) (July 15, 1948) 117
30 Dr. Walter Ells's Convocation Address at the Opening of Niigata University (July 19, 1949) 118
31 White Paper on Education Prepared by the Japan Teachers' Union (May 1, 1950) 122
32 A Code of Ethics for Teachers (June 1952) 131
33 Maintaining the Neutrality of Education (July 8, 1953) 135
34 Law for the Promotion of Science Education (August 8, 1953) 136
35 Report Concerning the Preservation of Political Neutrality of Teaching Staff (January 18, 1954) 136
36 Law No. 157: Concerning Temporary Measures for Ensuring Political Neutrality in Compulsory Education (June 3, 1954) 140
37 Opinion on Technical Education to Meet the Needs of the New Era (November 9, 1956) 141
38 The Emergency Declaration of the Japan Teachers' Union (December 22, 1957) 146
39 The Advance of Manpower Capability and Promotion of Scientific Technology (July 1960) 148
40 Request for Measures for the Establishment and Promotion of the Advance of Technical Education (August 25, 1961) 152
41 Prime Minister Ikeda's Campaign Speech for the Upper House of the Diet (May 25, 1962) 154
42 Contributions of Education to Economic Growth (November 5, 1962) 156
43 Problems and Strategies in Manpower Development during Economic Growth: Report of the Economic Investigation Council (January 14, 1963) 159
44 Japan Teachers' Union 1966 Convention Goals (May 1, 1966) 164
45 The Image of the Ideal Japanese (December 15, 1966) 164
46 Course of Study for Junior High Schools: Moral Education (1969) 168
47 A Proposal Concerning the Fundamental Issues of Education (September 1969) 170
48 Problems Concerning Students (1964) 171
49 Reviews of National Policies for Education: Japan (January 11, 1970) 197
50 Social Education in a Rapidly Changing Society (April 30, 1971) 211
51 Basic Ministry of Education Guidelines for the Reform of Education (June 11, 1971) 215
52 Basic Guidelines for the Reform of Higher Education (1971) 224
53 The Formation of Human Character in the New Industrial Society - The Ideal Form of Education from a Long-Term Perspective (March 15, 1972) 230
54 How Japanese Education Ought to Be (June 14, 1972) 234
55 Features of Education in Japan: Background (1975) 236
56 Japan's Private Universities (1987) 245
57 Ministry of Education Directive Concerning the Prevention of Delinquency of Pupils (November 25, 1980) 259
58 Concerning the [Ministry of Education] Survey of Actual Conditions of Moral Education in Public Elementary and Junior High Schools (August 5, 1983) 261
59 Moral Education (1983) 263
60 Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone's Formal Request on Education Reform at the First General Meeting of the Provisional Council on Educational Reform and His Address (September 5, 1984)
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