Japanese Innovation Strategies: Technical Support for Business Visions

Japanese Innovation Strategies: Technical Support for Business Visions

by Lewis M. Branscomb, Fumio Kodama
     
 

While political and cultural factors are important as explanations for differences in national technology policy and industrial practices, emergent trends in science, engineering and management are leading to new paradigms for high-technology innovation in both Japan and the United States. During the Spring of 1992, participants in a seminar at Harvard University's… See more details below

Overview

While political and cultural factors are important as explanations for differences in national technology policy and industrial practices, emergent trends in science, engineering and management are leading to new paradigms for high-technology innovation in both Japan and the United States. During the Spring of 1992, participants in a seminar at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government had the opportunity to explore in depth the views of a distinguished group of technical leaders from eight large Japanese industrial corporations. The focus of the seminar was to explore alternative views of the innovation process, examine approaches to managing innovation and setting technology strategy within the firm, and discuss the future of the business environment and management approaches. The examination of Japanese innovations in the management of technology that resulted from this seminar will be useful not only to technical managers in Japan, the United States, and other countries, but may also help inform public policy by shedding light on the sources of competitive advantage in both nations. Co-published with the Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University.

Author Biography: Lewis M. Branscomb is Albert Pratt Public Service Professor and Director of the Science and Technology Public Policy Program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government. Fumio Kodama is Professor at Saitama University and was Visiting Professor at the Center for Science and International Affairs during the 1991-1992 academic year.

Read More

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780819192011
Publisher:
University Press of America
Publication date:
08/24/1993
Series:
Occasional Papers Series, #10
Pages:
110
Product dimensions:
5.34(w) x 8.48(h) x 0.34(d)

Table of Contents

About the Authors
Acknowledgements
Schedule of the 1992 Lectures
Lecturers
Ch. IIntroduction1
Ch. IICorporate Culture and Business Definition11
Self-differentiation of firms by corporate culture
A typology of business strategies for evaluating technology strategies
Ch. IIIBusiness and Technology Strategies23
The typology hypothesis
"Market-focused" business strategy
"Technology-focused" business strategy
"Product-focused" business strategy
"System-focused" business strategy
"Customer relationship-focused" strategy
The general case of diversified firms
Core competencies and business typologies
Ch. IVTechnology Strategy, Priority Setting, and Planning38
Ch. VManaging the Innovation Process54
Spiral model of innovation
Priority programs: top-down management
Technology fusion and specialization
Demand articulation
Managing under-the-table projects
Teamwork, commitment, and technology transfer
Ch. VIConclusions77
Managing technology
Interfirm cooperation
Diversification
Managing risk: technological conservatism and business aggressiveness
Managing change
Appendix A: Background Reading93
Appendix B: Note on the Importance of Government Activities96
Index99

Read More

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >