Japanese Multinational Companies: Management and Investment Strategies

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Overview

This book provides an in-depth analysis of the management and investment strategies of Japanese multinational companies, examining foreign investment from a Japanese perspective by studying international business practices and the behaviour of multinational companies in the global environment. Beginning with an overview of recent trends in international capital flows and the role of international mergers and acquisitions, it describes the global environment for Japanese multinational companies as it affects Japanese foreign direct investment, as well as the impact of Japanese foreign investment in the host countries. The domestic cultural environment of Japanese companies is investigated, providing a background to the understanding of the expansion of Japanese business activities throughout the world. Foreign investments in various parts of the world are examined in detail, as are their impact on the domestic economy of Japan. A comprehensive analysis of the strategic planning process in Japanese multinational companies follows, and the book concludes with an assessment of the management and leadership styles of Japanese multinational companies and how they differ from Western leadership styles. This book is a valuable source of information about recent developments in the international economy in which Japan is playing a prominent role.

This book provides an in-depth analysis of the management and investment strategies of Japanese multinational companies, examining foreign investment from a Japanese perspective by studying international business practices and the behaviour of multinational companies in the global environment. Beginning with an overview of recent trends in international capital flows and the role of international mergers and acquisitions, it describes the global environment for Japanese multinational companies as it affects Japanese foreign direct investment, as well as the impact of Japanese foreign investment in the host countries. The domestic cultural environment of Japanese companies is investigated, providing a background to the understanding of the expansion of Japanese business activities throughout the world. Foreign investments in various parts of the world are examined in detail, as are their impact on the domestic economy of Japan. A comprehensive analysis of the strategic planning process in Japanese multinational companies follows, and the book concludes with an assessment of the management and leadership styles of Japanese multinational companies and how they differ from Western leadership styles. This book is a valuable source of information about recent developments in the international economy in which Japan is playing a prominent role.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
In an in-depth analysis of the management and investment strategies of Japanese multinational companies replete with statistics and trend graphs, the authors discuss Japan's role in recent Asian economic developments, as well as the implications of its foreign investments for its domestic economy and its large balance of payments surplus for international capital flows. They review international business law regarding foreign investments; economic and non-economic rationales for incentives and disincentives; and human resources management facets of Japanese multinational companies, such as differences between Western and Japanese leadership styles. Basu is a professor of international economics at Nagasaki U. Miroshnik is a researcher at the U. of Queensland. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

Table of Contents

The Authors IX
List of Abbreviations X
1. International Capital Flows 1
Recent Trends in International Capital Flows 5
Foreign Direct Investments 8
Characteristics of International Capital Inflows 11
Capital Flows Since the 1980s 16
Developments Since 1991 17
The Role of International Mergers & Acquisitions 20
Capital Flows to the Developing Countries 21
Asian Economic Crisis and Capital Flows 29
2. Global Environments for Japanese Multinational Companies 31
Political Economy of the Relationships Between Multinational Companies and Governments 32
International Business Law Regarding Foreign Investments 35
Characteristics of the Foreign Direct Investment and Trade Theory 36
Economic Rationales for Incentives and Disincentives to Foreign Investment 37
Non-economic Rationales and their Effects: Sovereignty and Foreign Firms 41
Alternative Approaches to Foreign Investments in International Business Law 43
Major Aspects of Trade-related Intellectual Property (TRIPs) 45
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Malaysia 47
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Singapore 48
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Korea 50
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in China 51
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Taiwan 53
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Hong Kong 55
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Philippines 55
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Indonesia 57
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Thailand 58
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in India 60
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in Germany 62
Business Law Regarding Foreign Investment in the United Kingdom 64
Conclusion 64
3. Domestic Environments for Japanese Companies 67
The Cultural Environment of Multinational Business 68
Cross-cultural Management 69
Competitive Strategies of Japanese Companies 72
Japanese System of Product Development 75
Operation Management System of Japanese Corporations 76
Manufacturing Process and Control System in Japan 84
Financial System in Japan: Implications of Deregulations and Entry of Foreign Financial Institutions 85
Conclusion 88
4. Expansion of Japanese Foreign Investments 91
Developments Since 1980 91
Investments in North America 100
Investments in Europe 102
Portfolio Investments in the United States and Europe 104
Investments in Asia 107
Investments in the Middle-East and Africa 116
Investments in Latin America 117
Performance of Japanese Subsidiaries 118
Impacts of a Recent Crisis in Japan and East Asia on Foreign Direct Investment 124
Conclusion 129
5. Japanese Foreign Investments Strategies and Their Impacts 131
Introduction 131
Objectives of Japanese Foreign Direct Investments 132
Effects on Trade Between Japan and Host Countries in Asia 135
Changing Trade Structure with the Asian Countries 136
Impacts of Overseas Activities on Trade and Domestic Production 143
Networking and Intra-Regional Trade 145
Impacts on the Domestic Economy of Japan 146
Japanese Multinational Companies in ASEAN Electrical and Electronic Industries 149
Japanese Investments 150
Conclusion 151
6. Strategic Planning Process in Japanese Multinational Corporations 153
Basic Steps in Strategic Planning 154
Functional Strategies in Multinational Corporations 158
Organizational Characteristics of Multinational Corporations 161
External Analysis of Strategic Planning Process in Multinational Corporations 163
External Analysis at Industry Level in Multinational Corporations 165
Internal Analysis in Multinational Corporations 166
Strategic Planning Process in the Nissan Motor Co. 171
Strategic Planning Processin the Toyota Motor Co. 178
Strategic Planning Process in the Honda Motor Co. 187
Conclusion 196
Appendices 198
7. Human Resources Management of Japanese Multinational Companies 207
Theories X and Y 207
Analysis of the International Division of Leadership 209
Leadership Behaviours and Styles 210
The Role of Level, Size and Age on Western Managers' Attitudes towards Leadership 211
Leadership Styles in Japan 212
Analysis of the Human Resources Management and Leadership Style of the Nissan Motor Co. 213
Analysis of the Human Resources Management and Leadership Style of the Toyota Motor Co. 216
Analysis of the Human Resources Management and Leadership Style in the Honda Motor Co. 217
Difference Between Japanese and Western Leadership Styles 220
Conclusion 222
Conclusions 226
References 229
Author Index 237
Subject Index 239
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