Japan's Outcaste Youth: Education for Liberation

Japan's Outcaste Youth: Education for Liberation

by June A. Gordon
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1594515611

ISBN-13: 9781594515613

Pub. Date: 06/28/2008

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Japan's attempt to project to the world an image of solid middle-class national identity is challenged by the Burakumin, an outcaste group of indigenous Japanese citizens who have been subjugated for centuries to political, economic, and religious discrimination. In the 1960s the efforts of this group and its supporters led to a 40-year national program of economic

Overview

Japan's attempt to project to the world an image of solid middle-class national identity is challenged by the Burakumin, an outcaste group of indigenous Japanese citizens who have been subjugated for centuries to political, economic, and religious discrimination. In the 1960s the efforts of this group and its supporters led to a 40-year national program of economic aid and educational programs designed to move these people out of poverty and increase life options. These programs, recently terminated, have left the Burakumin and other marginalized groups uncertain of their future. Based on ten years of ethnographic inquiry, Gordon's book explores the views of educators and activists caught in this period of transition after having their lives and careers shaped by the political demands of a liberation movement dedicated to achieving educational equity for the Burakumin and their disadvantaged neighbors. Gordon provides the context of the efforts to achieve the human rights of the Burakumin and the complexity of their identity in a Japanese society struggling with economic and demographic globalization.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781594515613
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/28/2008
Pages:
168
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents


Acknowledgments     vii
The Burakumin     1
Who Are the Burakumin?     2
Taboo Research     5
Hiroshima 1998     5
Questioning Existence     6
Marginalized Youth as a Starting Point     7
The Research Process     8
History and Politics of Liberation     15
Historical Context     16
Invisibility and Identity     18
Political Context     20
Special Measures Legislation     23
The End of Special Measures     24
Dowa Kyoiku: Education for Liberation     26
Teachers of Dowa Education     28
The End of Dowa Education     30
Access and Trust     34
Entering Ikeda's Network     34
The Teachers     37
Schools as Historical Sites of Struggle     57
Matsubara High School     57
Nunose Elementary School     65
Educators for Liberation     69
The Asaka Community     69
Mr. Maruyama     71
Dowa Teachers     73
Invisible and Silent: The Burakumin of Kanto     79
East/West Divide     79
Gaining Access inKanto     80
A New Lens on Marginalization     86
Return to Kansai     86
Abiko Minami Junior High School     87
Immigrants in the Buraku     94
Voices of Experience     98
Diversity in the Buraku     109
Official Visits     109
Performing Diversity     111
Korean Japanese and the Buraku     122
Shifting Priorities     122
A Zainichi Majority School     123
Reflections of Educators for Human Rights     128
The Effects of Changing Policies     132
Return to Abiko     132
Three Elementary Schools     133
Adapting to a New Era     137
Burakumin Educators     139
Corruption     140
Privatization     142
Conclusion     144
References     149
About the Author     160

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