Jerusalem

Overview

Jerusalem in the Second Temple period experienced dramatic growth as it achieved unprecedented political, religious, and spiritual prominence. Lee Levine traces the development of Jerusalem during this time—through its urban, demographic, topographical, and archaeological features, its political regimes, public institutions, and its cultural and religious life.
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Overview

Jerusalem in the Second Temple period experienced dramatic growth as it achieved unprecedented political, religious, and spiritual prominence. Lee Levine traces the development of Jerusalem during this time—through its urban, demographic, topographical, and archaeological features, its political regimes, public institutions, and its cultural and religious life.
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Hershel Shanks

"This is a book that scholar, student, and interested layperson can read with both profit and enjoyment."—Hershel Shanks, Editor, Biblical Archaeology Review
Publishers Weekly
Everything you've ever wanted to know about the Jerusalem of 2,000 years ago must surely be covered in Jerusalem: Portrait of the City in the Second Temple Period (538 B.C.E.-70 C.E.), a mammoth textbook by Lee Levine. This comprehensive study opens with the period during and after the Babylonian exile, discussing Nehemiah's reforms and the decision to build a second temple, then traces the history of Jerusalem until the Romans destroyed that second temple in 70 C.E. Levine covers all of the intricacies of the Hellenistic and Roman occupations, the rise of various religious sects such as the Pharisees and Sadducees, and the customs associated with temple worship. Though dry at times, this is a well-organized and exhaustively informative resource. Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780827607507
  • Publisher: Jewish Publication Society
  • Publication date: 12/2/2002
  • Edition description: 1ST
  • Pages: 508
  • Product dimensions: 1.25 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction
Pt. I From Cyrus to the Hasmoneans
Ch. 1 The Persian Era (539-332 B.C.E.) 3
The Restoration of City and Temple 8
The First Returnees: Hopes Thwarted by Hardships 12
The Temple Rebuilt 15
The Era of Ezra and Nehemiah 20
The Enigmatic Fourth Century B.C.E. 31
The Persian Era in Perspective 42
Ch. 2 The Hellenistic Era (332-141 B.C.E.) 45
The Ptolemaic Era (301-198 B.C.E.) 48
The Seleucid Era (198-141 B.C.E.) 65
Ch. 3 The Hasmonean Era (141-63 B.C.E.) 91
The Hasmonean Factor in Jerusalem Society 92
Three Episodes in Hasmonean Jerusalem 99
The Urban Setting 106
Political and Religious Groupings in Hasmonean Jerusalem 114
Common Judaism under the Hasmoneans 133
Hellenization in Hasmonean Jerusalem 143
The End of an Era 147
Pt. II Herodian Jerusalem
Ch. 4 The Historical Dimension 151
Transition to Roman Rule 151
From Pompey's Conquest to the Rise of Herod (63-37 B.C.E.) 158
Herodian Politics: At Home and Abroad (37-4 B.C.E.) 165
Herodian Rule in Jerusalem 170
Herod's Domestic Woes 179
Evaluating Herod and His Rule 181
The Reign of Archelaus (4 B.C.E.-6 C.E.) 183
Ch. 5 The Urban Landscape 187
The Antonia 194
The Western Towers 196
Herod's Palace 198
Entertainment Institutions 201
Funerary Remains 206
Water Supply and Installations 213
Ch. 6 The Temple and Temple Mount 219
The Temple Mount: Physical Dimensions and Functions 226
The Temple and Its Courts 237
Temple Functionaries 243
The Temple as a Religious Focus 245
Ch. 7 Jerusalem in the Greco-Roman Orbit: The Extent and Limitations of Cultural Fusion 255
The Temple 257
Residential Quarters 260
Funerary Remains 261
Political Institutions 265
Language 270
Pharisaic Exegesis 276
Defining the Limits of Acculturation 278
Pt. III The First Century C.E.
Ch. 8 The Historical Dimension 285
Direct Roman Rule: The Earlier Period (6-41 C.E.) 285
Jerusalem under Agrippa I (41-44 C.E.) 295
Procuratorial Rule (44-66 C.E.): The Collapse of Jerusalem Society 302
Ch. 9 The Urban Configuration 313
Geographical Expansion 313
The Third Wall 315
Topography 318
The Lower City 319
The Upper City 326
The Northern Commercial Quarter 335
The Bezetha Quarter (the New City) 337
Demography 340
Economic Activity 343
App The Use of Rabbinic Literature in the Study of Second Temple Jerusalem 349
Ch. 10 Social Stratification 351
The Social Dimension 351
High Priests 352
Priests 358
The Herodian Dynasty 361
The Nonpriestly Aristocracy 365
Diaspora Jews 369
Ch. 11 Religious Ambience 375
Religious Life in First-Century Jerusalem 375
Scribes 381
The Christian Community 382
Common Judaism in First-Century Jerusalem 387
Synagogues 394
Ch. 12 The Destruction of Jerusalem (66-70 C.E.) 401
Causes of the Revolt 401
Jerusalem during the Revolt (66-70 C.E.) 404
The Siege and Fall of the City 406
Epilogue 413
Glossary 417
Abbreviations 420
Bibliography 423
Illustration Credits 470
Subject Index 472
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