Jesus Christ: Fundamentals of Christology

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This revised and expanded second edition of Father Kereszty's widely used Christology text is equipped with recommended readings, study questions and updated bibliography. In dialogue with contemporary concerns and controversies, it presents a penetrating and integral approach to the mystery of Christ, with broad appeal to Roman Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox Christians alike. In it they will find an articulation of their common faith in Jesus, the Christ, true God and true man. Though written as a Christology text on the graduate level, the book should interest any educated reader who seeks to know Jesus.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780818909177
  • Publisher: Alba House
  • Publication date: 1/28/2002
  • Edition description: REV
  • Pages: 554
  • Sales rank: 375,674
  • Product dimensions: 5.50 (w) x 8.20 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Table of Contents

Introduction xiii
List of Abbreviations xix
Biblical Abbreviations xx
Part I Christology of the New Testament
Chapter I The Method of Biblical Christology 3
1. Critique of the "Liberal Quest," the "New Quest," and the "Third Quest" for the Historical Jesus 5
2. Reflections on the Method of Historiography in General 15
3. A Theological History of Jesus 19
4. The Historical Foundations of Faith in Jesus 22
a. The criterion of double dissimilarity 25
b. The criterion of embarrassment 26
c. The personal style of Jesus 27
d. Multiple attestation 28
e. The criterion of necessary explanation 29
Chapter II The Death and Resurrection of Jesus 32
A. The Crucifixion of Jesus 33
B. The Resurrection 34
1. Sources 34
a. The earliest kerygma of the resurrection in Paul's interpretation (1 Cor 15:3-8) 34
b. The resurrection narratives in the Gospels and Acts 42
(1) The appearance narratives 42
(2) The empty tomb narratives 46
2. Historical Facts Connected with the Origin of Faith in the Resurrection 48
3. Hypotheses Denying Any Form of Resurrection 50
4. Various Interpretations of the Resurrection of Jesus 54
5. The Resurrection in Fundamental Theology 65
a. The epistemological question regarding the appearances 65
b. The credibility of the resurrection 68
Chapter III The Beginning of the Gospel 72
1. The Virginal Conception of Jesus 72
2. "The brothers and sisters of Jesus" 77
3. The Holy Family 81
4. Is Jesus "the Son of David"? 85
5. The twelve-year-old Jesus in the Temple 87
6. "The private life of Jesus" before his public ministry 90
Chapter IV Jesus and the Kingdom 93
1. The baptism of Jesus by John 93
2. The temptations of Jesus 98
3. The outline of the public ministry of Jesus 104
4. The message of Jesus: the reign of God is at hand 106
5. The miracles of Jesus 110
a. The phenomenon of the miracle in the public ministry of Jesus 110
b. Historical foundations for the miracle accounts 113
c. Theological and philosophical considerations 115
6. The multiplication of loaves: a turning point in the ministry of Jesus? 118
Chapter V The Kingdom and the Death of Jesus 121
1. "Get behind me, Satan!" 121
2. The Last Supper and the Kingdom 124
3. The sacrifice of the Servant 126
4. "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" 130
5. Foretelling his resurrection? 130
6. The Kingdom and the end of this world 132
7. The implicit Christology of Jesus 136
Chapter VI The Understanding of the Mystery of Christ in the Apostolic Church 148
A. "According to the Scriptures" 150
1. "In all the Scriptures" (Lk 24:27) 150
2. The Suffering Servant of Yahweh 153
3. The Son of Man 155
4. Jesus the new eschatological Israel 157
5. Jesus as High Priest and Perfect Sacrifice 158
6. Jesus the Messiah 161
7. Jesus as son of Adam and the last Adam 163
8. Jesus as the final and complete theophany of God 164
9. The unexpected newness of the New Testament 168
B. Jesus as "Lord," "Son of God," and "God" 169
1. Jesus is Lord 169
2. Jesus is the Son of God 176
3. Jesus is God 181
4. The value of the Old Testament for the contemporary Christian 183
Part II Historical Christology
Introduction: Patristic Christology 189
1. The character and significance of patristic Christology 189
2. The relationship between Christianity and non-Christian religions 191
Chapter I The Soteriology of the Fathers 196
1. Sin 197
2. Redemption 198
a. The metaphysical foundation of redemption 200
b. Christ as mediator 201
c. "He who descended is the very one who ascended" 203
d. "Admirabile commercium" 204
e. Redemption as victory and deliverance 209
f. Redemption as sacrifice 212
g. Christ as Teacher and Example 214
h. Redemption as uniting all creation to God 217
3. Conclusion 220
Chapter II The Christology of the Fathers 222
1. Docetism and Gnosticism 223
2. Adoptionism 226
3. Arianism 227
4. Apollinarianism 229
5. Christological development in the West 232
6. The School of Alexandria 235
7. The School of Antioch 236
8. The Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon (431, 451) 240
9. The Second and Third Councils of Constantinople (553, 680-681) 248
Chapter III Medieval Christology 251
1. St. Bernard of Clairvaux 251
2. St. Anselm of Canterbury 256
3. St. Thomas 260
Chapter IV Christology of the Reformation 267
1. Luther 267
2. John Calvin 278
3. Liberal Protestant Christology 284
a. Kant 285
b. Hegel 289
c. Schleiermacher 295
Chapter V Protestant Christologies in the Twentieth Century 299
1. Crisis Theology 299
2. Rudolph Bultmann 300
3. Karl Barth 306
4. Dietrich Bonhoeffer 316
Part III Systematic Christology
Introduction: The Unity of the Mystery of Christ 327
Chapter I Sin as a Threefold Alienation 331
1. Sin 331
2. The punishment of sin 336
3. The need for redemption 339
4. Why redemption through the death of God's Incarnate Son? 340
Chapter II The Mystery of the Incarnation 343
1. The Old Testament: God entering into solidarity with humankind through Israel 343
2. A new stage in solidarity with humankind: God has become a human being 344
3. The immanent Trinity as the metaphysical condition for divine freedom in the incarnation 347
4. The feminist critique of the Christian mysteries 349
a. Historical considerations 350
b. Systematic considerations 353
5. The ontological aspect of the hypostatic union 358
6. The psychological aspect of the hypostatic union 361
7. The intelligibility of the incarnation as a mystery of Trinitarian love 368
8. The incarnation as an existential process 372
a. The Word becoming a human being 373
b. Jesus the human being "becoming God" 375
Chapter III The Humanity of the Son 378
1. What does it mean for all of us that the Son has taken on human nature as his own? 378
2. Why human nature? 379
3. Why only one incarnation? 382
4. Why has the Son assumed our fallen nature? 385
5. The human knowledge of Jesus 389
a. The common human knowledge of Jesus 389
b. Jesus' knowledge of God 390
6. The human will of the Son 393
Chapter IV Redemption as Assumption of Humankind into Trinitarian Communion 397
1. The role of the Father 397
2. The role of the incarnate Son 401
a. The unique character of the suffering of Jesus 401
b. In Jesus God himself died for us 403
c. The self-giving of Jesus to God on the cross as the reversal of our alienation 404
d. The sacrifice of Jesus 406
e. The sacrifice of Christ as satisfaction 409
3. The role of the Holy Spirit in redemption 415
4. The final goal of our redemption 420
5. The "redemption" of the material world 425
Chapter V The Universal Significance of Christ in the Context of Other Religions 430
1. What can the history of religions tell us about the significance of Christian revelation? 431
2. What does Christian revelation say about its own place among other religions? 437
3. How can we accept Christ as the fullness of God's revelation and universal Savior? 439
Chapter VI Christ and Possible Other Universes and Extraterrestrial Intelligent Beings 442
1. Biblical-historical considerations 443
a. Concerning other universes 443
b. Concerning intelligent extraterrestrial beings 443
2. Systematic considerations 446
Conclusion 451
Appendix Relationship Between Anthropology and Christology 454
St. Bernard, A Teacher For Our Age 454
I. The Universality of Salvation and the Structure of Salvation History 456
II. The Misery of Fallen Man: The Threefold Alienation 458
III. The Descent of God and the First Phase of Man's Redemption 461
IV. The Mystery of Redemption: Liberation, Satisfaction, Sacrifice, Buying Man Back at a Precious Price 467
V. The Ascension of Christ and Man's Ascension 472
Conclusions: The Importance of St. Bernard's Christology for Our Age 480
Reader's Guide: How To Use the Book for Different Purposes 485
Index 523
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