The Jewish State [NOOK Book]

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As the Paris correspondent for Neue Freie Presse, Herzl followed the Dreyfus Affair, a notorious anti-Semitic incident in France in which a French Jewish army captain was falsely convicted of spying for Germany. He witnessed mass rallies in Paris following the Dreyfus trial where many chanted "Death to the Jews!" Herzl came to reject his early ideas ...
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The Jewish State

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Overview

This ebook is complete with linked Table of Content making navigation quicker and easier.

As the Paris correspondent for Neue Freie Presse, Herzl followed the Dreyfus Affair, a notorious anti-Semitic incident in France in which a French Jewish army captain was falsely convicted of spying for Germany. He witnessed mass rallies in Paris following the Dreyfus trial where many chanted "Death to the Jews!" Herzl came to reject his early ideas regarding Jewish emancipation and assimilation, and to believe that the Jews must remove themselves from Europe and create their own state.

In June, 1895, he wrote in his diary: "In Paris, as I have said, I achieved a freer attitude toward anti-Semitism... Above all, I recognized the emptiness and futility of trying to 'combat' anti-Semitism." However, in recent decades historians have downplayed the influence of the Dreyfus Affair on Herzl, even terming it a myth. They have shown that, while upset by anti-Semitism evident in French society, he, like most contemporary observers, initially believed in Dreyfus's guilt and only claimed to have been inspired by the affair years later when it had become an international cause celebre. Rather, it was the rise to power of the anti-Semitic demagogue Karl Lueger in Vienna in 1895 that seems to have had a greater effect on Herzl, before the pro-Dreyfus campaign had fully emerged. It was at this time that he wrote his play "The New Ghetto", which shows the ambivalence and lack of real security and equality of emancipated, well-to-do Jews in Vienna. Around this time Herzl grew to believe that anti-Semitism could not be defeated or cured, only avoided, and that the only way to avoid it was the establishment of a Jewish state. In Der Judenstaat he writes:
“ The Jewish question persists wherever Jews live in appreciable numbers. Wherever it does not exist, it is brought in together with Jewish immigrants. We are naturally drawn into those places where we are not persecuted, and our appearance there gives rise to persecution. This is the case, and will inevitably be so, everywhere, even in highly civilised countries—see, for instance, France—so long as the Jewish question is not solved on the political level. The unfortunate Jews are now carrying the seeds of anti-Semitism into England; they have already introduced it into America. ”

From April, 1896, when the English translation of his Der Judenstaat (The State of the Jews) appeared, Herzl became the leading spokesman for Zionism, although Herzl later on had confessed to his friend Max Bodenheimer, that he "wrote what I had to say without knowing my predecessors, and it can be assumed that I would not have written it, had I been familiar with the literature".
A sketch in Herzl's Diary of a proposed flag for the Zionist movement.

Herzl complemented his writing with practical work to promote Zionism on the international stage. He visited Constantinople in April, 1896, and was hailed at Sofia, Bulgaria, by a Jewish delegation. In London, the Maccabees group received him coldly, but he was granted the mandate of leadership from the Zionists of the East End of London. Within six months this mandate had been approved throughout Zionist Jewry, and Herzl traveled constantly to draw attention to his cause. His supporters, at first few in number, worked night and day, inspired by Herzl's example.

In June 1896, with the help of the sympathetic Polish emigre aristocrat Count Philip Michael Nevlenski, he met for the first time with Abdul Hamid II to put forward his proposal for a Jewish state in Palestine. However the Sultan refused to cede Palestine to Zionists, saying, "if one day the Islamic State falls apart then you can have Palestine for free, but as long as I am alive I would rather have my flesh be cut up than cut out Palestine from the Muslim land."
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Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940012540546
  • Publisher: WHITE DOG PUBLISHING
  • Publication date: 12/2/2010
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 496,017
  • File size: 123 KB

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4.5
( 8 )
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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 16, 2003

    The dream came true

    This is one of those rare books which truly shaped history. Herzl's vision of a Jewish state was realized as he thought it would be a half a century after making this blueprint of his dream. An interesting exercise is of course to compare modern Israel with the Jewish state which Herzl dreamed. But anyone who wishes to probe a fundamental secular source of the founding of the state of Israel should read this visionary work.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted April 27, 2004

    Go to the Source

    It's always helpful to go back to original texts to understand the movements that arose from them. Phrases like 'the new state will be a rampart against Asia' and 'an outpost civilization aginst barbarism' clarify a lot of the history. Colonialism, totally acceptable in Herzl's time, is no longer acceptable. But Herzl's vision, laid out so starkly in this seminal work, is still in play.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted November 18, 2002

    A Must Read.... if you are seeking what maybe the written down motivation for the creation of the present day israel.

    I had read this book for a Univ. class. the book to me is like the Torah of Judaism, the Gossiples of Christianity, and the Quran of islam; not that it has any devine writings, but that it is a sincere book that has not been followed verbatim in action. What was written there as a dream and a plane for a jewish state has no reflection in what became the outcome decades later till this day. the author Theodor Herzl seem to have some sincerety and a just plan in his system as written in the book. Most important was the respect and co-existance w/ the pre-existing population in the region. The outcome on the other hand is in my opinion a nightmare to what Mr. Herzl proposed. as they say, he may be turning in his grave to find out how the land was aquired, and the unjust pains people in the region inflict on each other. my review means nothing till you read the history of the dream in the torah, the plan by england and leaders of the jewish society to aquire the land, and the process after WWII. w/ an unbias heart dare to read the story of fighting unjust by both sides. wether it is as small as rocks and rubber bullets, or as viciouse as suicide bombing which target innocent or not, and israeli gunships destroying towns as soldiars raid through the innocent to capture/kill the innocent. look at todays ignorance, and fatom tomorrow as to come. then judge the book to its value... sincere peace, A

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    Posted July 8, 2011

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    Posted May 27, 2011

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    Posted November 5, 2008

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    Posted March 9, 2011

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    Posted October 3, 2011

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