Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

by Joan Taylor
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199259615

ISBN-13: 9780199259618

Pub. Date: 10/01/2003

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

The first-century ascetic Jewish philosophers known as the 'Therapeutae', described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa, have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the Essenes, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. This study focuses particularly on issues of historical method, rhetoric, women, and gender, and comes to new conclusions about the nature…  See more details below

Overview

The first-century ascetic Jewish philosophers known as the 'Therapeutae', described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa, have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the Essenes, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. This study focuses particularly on issues of historical method, rhetoric, women, and gender, and comes to new conclusions about the nature of the group and its relationship with the allegorical school of exegesis in Alexandria. In particular it aims to bring the women of the group to light. The women 'Therapeutae' participated fully in all aspects of the philosophical life of the group. As such, they provide a radically egalitarian model for women within Judaism in the first century CE. Joan E. Taylor argues that the group represents the tip of an iceberg in terms of ascetic practices and allegorical exegesis practised in Alexandria, a city where Judaism could be strongly influenced by contemporary Graeco-Roman philosophical trends.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199259618
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/01/2003
Pages:
440
Product dimensions:
8.60(w) x 5.70(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

IPhilo's 'Therapeutae' reconsidered
1On method3
2Philo's De Vita Contemplativa in historical context21
3Identity : the name 'Therapeutae' and the Essenes54
4Placements : the geographical and social locations of the Mareotic group74
5The Philosophia of Ioudaismos105
6Allegory and asceticism126
7A solar calendar154
IIWomen and gender in De Vita Contemplativa
8Paradigms of 'women' in discourses in Philosophia173
9Women and sex in De Vita Contemplativa227
10Gendered space265
11Gender blenders : Moses, Miriam, and music311
App. 1Partial translation of Philo of Alexandria, De Vita Contemplative
App. 2De Migratione Abrahami 86-96
App. 3Epitome of Chaeremon the Stoic, 'On the Egyptian priests'

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