The Jews And The Expansion Of Europe To The West, 1450-1800

The Jews And The Expansion Of Europe To The West, 1450-1800

by P Bernardini
     
 

ISBN-10: 1571811532

ISBN-13: 9781571811530

Pub. Date: 03/16/2001

Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated

This impressive volume shows that the history of minorities - specifically that of a diaspora - can open up completely new perspectives on the 'great' questions and developments of general history." · Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft

"... this magnificent and much-needed volume ... is remarkably free, factual or interpretive." · American

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Overview

This impressive volume shows that the history of minorities - specifically that of a diaspora - can open up completely new perspectives on the 'great' questions and developments of general history." · Zeitschrift für Geschichtswissenschaft

"... this magnificent and much-needed volume ... is remarkably free, factual or interpretive." · American Jewish History

"The age-old tension between value-free history and history with a moral is implicit throughout this fine volume." · The Jerusalem Report

"A substantial contribution to the scholarship on Indian [Native-American]-European relations ... Specialists will find new nuggets to challenge existing interpretations, while readers new to the topic will find useful introductions and more detailed case studies that give some idea of the current issues under scholarly debate. All readers will experience the benefits of looking at one topic comparatively across vast amounts of space and time." · Itinerario

Jews and Judaism played a significant role in the history of the expansion of Europe to the west as well as in the history of the economic, social, and religious development of the New World. They played an important role in the discovery, colonization, and eventually exploitation of the resources of the New World. Alone among the European peoples who came to the Americas in the colonial period, Jews were dispersed throughout the hemisphere; indeed, they were the only cohesive European ethnic or religious group that lived under both Catholic and Protestant regimes, which makes their study particularly fruitful from a comparative perspective. As distinguished from other religious or ethnic minorities, the Jewish struggle was not only against an overpowering and fierce nature but also against the political regimes that ruled over the various colonies of the Americas and often looked unfavorably upon the establishment and tleration of Jewish communities in their own territory. Jews managed to survive and occasionally to flourish against all odds, and their history in the Americas is one of the more fascinating chapters in the early modern history of European expansion.

Paolo Bernardini was a Fellow of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study and of the Royal Historical Society. Currently he is Resident Director of the Padova Program, Boston University. Norman Fiering is the author of two books that were awarded the Merle Curti Prize for Intellectual History by the Organization of American Historians and of numerous articles. Since 1983, he has been Director of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781571811530
Publisher:
Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Publication date:
03/16/2001
Series:
European Expansion and Global Interaction Ser.
Pages:
592
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.25(d)

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
Preface
A Milder Colonization: Jewish Expansion to the New World, and the New World in the Jewish Consciousness of the Early Modern Era1
IThe Old New World: Ideas and Representations of America in European and Jewish Consciousness and Intellectual History
1Biblical History and the Americas: The Legend of Solomon's Ophir, 1492-159127
2Knowledge of Newly Discovered Lands among Jewish Communities of Europe (from 1492 to the Thirty Years' War)47
3Jewish Scientists and the Origin of Modern Navigation73
4The Hope of the Netherlands: Menasseh ben Israel and the Dutch Idea of America86
5Israel in America: The Wanderings of the Lost Ten Tribes from Mikveigh Yisrael to Timothy McVeigh107
IIIdentity at Stake: Concealing, Preserving, and Reshaping Judaism among the Conversos and Marranos of Spanish America
6New Christian, Marrano, Jew125
7Marrano Religiosity in Hispanic America in the Seventeenth Century149
8Crypto-Jews and the Mexican Holy Office in the Seventeenth Century172
9The Participation of New Christians and Crypto-Jews in the Conquest, Colonization, and Trade of Spanish America, 1521-1660186
10Crypto-Jews and New Christians in Colonial Peru and Chile203
IIIThe Luso-Brazilian Experience: Jews in Portuguese Latin America
11Marranos and the Inquisition: On the Gold Route in Minas Gerais, Brazil215
12Outcasts from the Kingdom: The Inquisition and the Banishment of New Christians to Brazil242
IVFrom Toleration to Expulsion: Identity, Trade, and Struggle for Survival in France and Caribbean French America
13The Portuguese Jewish Nation of Saint-Esprit-les-Bayonne: The American Dimension255
14Atlantic Trade and Sephardim Merchants in Eighteenth-Century France: The Case of Bordeaux268
15Jewish Settlements in the French Colonies in the Caribbean (Martinique, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Cayenne) and the "Black Code"287
16New Christians/"New Whites": Sephardic Jews, Free People of Color, and Citizenship in French Saint-Domingue, 1760-1789314
VBlossoming in Another World: The Jews and the Jewish Communities in Dutch America
17The Jews of Dutch America335
18The Jews in Suriname and Curacao350
19An Atlantic Perspective on the Jewish Struggle for Rights and Opportunities in Brazil, New Netherland, and New York369
20Antecedents and Remnants of Jodensavanne: The Synagogues and Cemeteries of the First Permanent Plantation Settlement of New World Jews394
VI"The Brokers of the World": American Jews, New Christians, and International Trade
21Jews and New Christians in the Atlantic Slave Trade439
22New Christians and Jews in the Sugar Trade, 1550-1750: Two Centuries of Development of the Atlantic Economy471
23New Christians as Sugar Cultivators and Traders in the Portuguese Atlantic, 1450-1800485
24The Jewish Moment and the Two Expansion Systems in the Atlantic, 1580-1650501
VIIThe Jews in Colonial British America
25The Jews in British America519
Notes on Contributors532
Name Index537
Place Index554
Subject Index561

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