Jihad in Islamic History: Doctrines and Practice / Edition 1

Jihad in Islamic History: Doctrines and Practice / Edition 1

by Michael Bonner
     
 

"Michael Bonner's book is by far the best treatment of this important subject in English, and very useful to general historians of the Middle East."—Roy P. Mottahedeh, Harvard University

"This is an excellent and erudite contribution to the field that, due to Bonner's pleasant and clear style, is easily accessible to students and nonspecialists. The

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Overview

"Michael Bonner's book is by far the best treatment of this important subject in English, and very useful to general historians of the Middle East."—Roy P. Mottahedeh, Harvard University

"This is an excellent and erudite contribution to the field that, due to Bonner's pleasant and clear style, is easily accessible to students and nonspecialists. The book's value lies in its contextualizing of the notion of jihad. It covers the entire Islamic era, tracing how the notion of jihad emerged and developed within a certain historical framework."—Rudolph Peters, University of Amsterdam, author of Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam: A Reader

"A fine contribution to the literature on jihad."—John Kelsay, Florida State University, author of Islam and War

"Jihad in Islamic History is a very helpful overview of the various appropriations of jihad and concepts of warfare and fighting in Islamic history, especially the early period. It is particularly good on the sources, their varying purposes, and the debates today over their validity in trying to explain the rise of Islam and early Islamic history in general. As the only major overview of jihad focusing on the premodern period, the study will stand alone."—Paul Heck, Georgetown University, author of The Construction of Knowledge in Islamic Civilization

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691138381
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
07/28/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
224
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

List of Maps xi

Symbols and Accent Marks xiii

Preface xv

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction 1

What Is Jihad? 1

Just War and Holy War 4

Warfare and Jihad 6

Fields of Debate 10

Historiography and Origins 14

Readings 18

CHAPTER TWO: The Quran and Arabia 20

Combat in the Quran 21

Gift and Reciprocity 27

Fighting and Recompense 30

"The Beggar and the Warrior" 32

Readings 34

CHAPTER THREE: Muhammad and His Community 36

Sira and Maghazi: Sacred History 37

Hadith: The Norm 45

Themes of Jihad in the Hadith 49

Fighting with One's Money 51

Readings 54

CHAPTER FOUR: The Great Conquests 56

The Course of Conquest 58

Explanations 60

Approaches to the Islamic Sources 64

Approaches to the Non-Islamic Sources 67

Readings 71

CHAPTER FIVE: Martyrdom 72

Martyrdom before Islam 73

Martyrdom in Quran and Tradition 74

Contexts of Martyrdom in Islam 76

Martyrs and Neomartyrs 79

Readings 82

CHAPTER SIX: Encounter with the Other 84

Conquest Society and Fiscal Regime 84

Treatment of Non-Muslims 87

Abode of Islam, Abode of War 92

Convivencia 93

Readings 95

CHAPTER SEVEN: Embattled Scholars 97

Syria and the Byzantine Frontier 98

Arabia 102

Iraq: The Synthesis of al-Shafi"i 106

North Africa 108

Spain 111

Central Asia 112

The Embattled Scholars: Conclusions 114

Readings 116

CHAPTER EIGHT: Empires, Armies, and Frontiers 118

The Umayyad Caliphate: Imperial Jihad 119

Revolution and Jihad 124

The "Abbasid Caliphate and Its Military Crisis 127

Frontier Societies: Against Byzantium 131

Frontier Societies: Spain and North Africa 134

Ribat 136

The Crusades 137

Ottoman Origins 144

Corsairs in the Mediterranean 149

The Western Sudan 151

Empires, Armies, and Frontiers: Conclusions 153

Readings 155

CHAPTER NINE: Colonial Empire, Modern State,
New Jihad 157

Resistance and Reform 157

Fundamentalism and Islamism 161

Readings 165

CHAPTER TEN: Conclusions 167

Bibliography 175

Index 191

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