Jimmy Carter and the Energy Crisis of the 1970s: The Crisis of Confidence Speech of July 15, 1979 / Edition 1

Jimmy Carter and the Energy Crisis of the 1970s: The Crisis of Confidence Speech of July 15, 1979 / Edition 1

by Daniel Horowitz
     
 


In a decade of constant crises, perhaps the most formidable challenge that Americans faced in the 1970s was the energy shortage. An era of inexpensive and seemingly unlimited supplies of oil came to an end with the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 and strained the nation's economy for the remainder of the decade. In his "Crisis of Confidence" speech, one of the most… See more details below

Overview


In a decade of constant crises, perhaps the most formidable challenge that Americans faced in the 1970s was the energy shortage. An era of inexpensive and seemingly unlimited supplies of oil came to an end with the OPEC oil embargo of 1973 and strained the nation's economy for the remainder of the decade. In his "Crisis of Confidence" speech, one of the most remarkable political addresses in American history, President Jimmy Carter drew connections between America's increasing dependence on foreign oil and what he considered larger, more spiritual problems that plagued the nation. Through carefully selected documents that bring together the high-level White House decision-making process and the national conversation about energy, Daniel Horowitz helps students understand both the crises of the 1970s and the continuing relationship between American economic and foreign policy. An introduction by the editor, headnotes to documents, a chronology, questions for consideration, and a selected bibliography provide further pedagogical support.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312401221
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
08/24/2004
Series:
Bedford Cultural Editions Series
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
203
Product dimensions:
5.52(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.33(d)

Meet the Author


DANIEL HOROWITZ is professor of American studies and history at Smith College. His scholarly work focuses on the cultural, social, and intellectual history of the United States. He is the author of Betty Friedan and the Making of the Feminine Mystique (1998), Vance Packard and American Social Criticism (1994), and The Morality of Spending: Attitudes toward the Consumer Society in America, 1875-1940, which was selected by Choice Magazine as one of the outstanding academic books of 1984. His most recent work, The Anxieties of Affluence: Critiques of American Consumer Culture, 1919-1979 (2003), examines how leading American writers worried about the dangers of national prosperity from WWI until the energy crisis of the 1970s.

Table of Contents

Foreword Preface
List of Illustrations
Cast of Characters

PART ONE

INTRODUCTION: Jimmy Carter and an Age of Diminished Expectations

The 1970s: A Decade of Tumult and Transformation Americans Contemplate the Consequences of Changed Circumstances A Presidency and a Nation in Crisis Patrick Caddell and the American Spiritual Crisis Conflicting Advice for a President The President Addresses the Nation Conclusion

PART TWO

The Documents
1. Carter Declares the Energy Crisis the "Moral Equivalent of War"

1. Jimmy Carter, The Energy Problem, April 18, 1977
2. David Stockman, The Wrong War? The Case against a National Energy Policy, Fall 1978
3. Tom Morganthau and Others, The Energy Plague, July 2, 1979
4. National Review, Carter on the Titanic: Editorial, July 27, 1979

2. Religion, Materialism, and Leadership: Traditions on Which Carter Drew
5. Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1835 and 1840
6. Jimmy Carter, Handwritten Notes on Conversation with Daniel Bell at White House, May 30, 1979
7. Christopher Lasch, The Culture of Narcissism, 1979
8. Robert Bellah, Human Conditions for a Good Society, March 25,1979

3. Debates within the Administration
9. Stuart Eizenstat, Memo to the President, June 28, 1979
10. Esther Peterson, Energy Conservation Program: Memo to the President, June 28, 1979
11. Achsah Nesmith, Walter Shapiro, and Gordon Stewart, Energy Speech: Memo to Gerald Rafshoon and Hendrik Hertzberg, June 29, 1979
12. Hamilton Jordan, Memo to the President, July 3, 1979
13. Walter Mondale, Energy Speech: Memo to the President, July 3, 1979
14. Marshall Loeb, How to Counter OPEC, July 9, 1979
15. Gerald Rafshoon, Memo to the President, July 10, 1979

4. Preparation and Delivery of July 15, 1979, Speech
16. Jimmy Carter, Handwritten Notes in Preparation for Speech, July 11, 1979
17. The Daily Diary of President Jimmy Carter, July 15, 1979
18. Jimmy Carter, Energy and National Goals, July 15, 1979

5. Reactions to the Speech
The Press
Conservatives
19. The Wall Street Journal, The Real Jimmy Carter: Editorial, July 17, 1979
20. National Review, Gantry on Energy: Editorial, August 3, 1979

Left
21. Progressive, Carter's Crisis -- and Ours: Comment, September 1979

Labor
22. AFL-CIO Federationist, Coming to Grips with the Energy Crisis, August 1979

Environmentalists
23. Theodore A. Snyder, Jr., Our Energy Future -- A Time to Choose: Editorial, September/October 1979

Ethnic and Religious Groups
24. Jewish Week, Two Cheers for a Start: Editorial, July 15, 1979
25. America, Energy Sermon: Editorial, July 28, 1979
26. Christian Index, Christians Should Lead in Conservation: Editorial, July 26, 1979

Letters from Citizens
27. Hugh Carter, President's Messages of 7/15/79 and 7/16/79, July 17, 1979

Bell, Bellah, and Lasch
28. Robert Bellah, A Night at Camp David, July 27, 1979
29. Christopher Lasch, Letter to Patrick Caddell, July 18, 1979

Political Opposition
30. Edward M. Kennedy, Speech, November 7, 1979
31. Ronald Reagan, A Vision for America, November 3, 1980

6. Looking Back
32. Dick Cheney, Speech, April 30, 2001
33. Ralph Nader, Dick Cheney and Conservation, May 1, 2001
34. Jimmy Carter, Misinformation and Scare Tactics, May 17, 2001
35. Thomas L. Friedman, A Failure to Imagine, May 19, 2002

Appendixes
A Chronology of Events Surrounding the Energy Crisis of the 1970s (1973–1981)
Questions for Consideration Selected Bibliography
Index

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