This booklet is for employers, foremen, and supervisors,
but we encourage employees to use the information as
well to analyze their own jobs and recognize workplace
hazards so they can report them to you. It explains what
a job hazard analysis is and offers guidelines to help you
conduct your own step-by-step analysis.
What is a hazard?
A hazard is the potential for harm. In practical terms,
a hazard often is associated with a condition or activity that,
if left uncontrolled, can result in an injury or illness. See
Appendix 2 for a list of common hazards and descriptions.
Identifying hazards and eliminating or controlling them as
early as possible will help prevent injuries and illnesses.
What is a job hazard analysis?
A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on
job tasks as a way to identify hazards before they occur.
It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task,
the tools, and the work environment. Ideally, after you
identify uncontrolled hazards, you will take steps to
eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level.