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Job Postings on the Internet
in This Section on Job Postings
Definition of Job Listings
The Fairy Godmother Report on Job Postings
What You'd Hope to Find What You Actually Get
How Effective Words to Remember
Job Listings by Region: the U.S.
Job Listings by Region: the World
Job Listings from State Employment Service Offices
Job Listings from Newspaper Classified Ads or Agencies
Commercial Sites on the World Wide Web:
Employers' Electronic Bulletin Boards
The Three Questions to Ask About Job Listing Sites
Searching a Number of Job Posting Sites on
the Web from One Site
Job Postings on Newsgroups and Mailing Lists
Job Listings on Bulletin Boards
Job Listings by E-mail
Job Listings for High School and College Students
Academic Jobs Government Jobs
Legal Jobs Other Industries or Fields
in this section on Job Postings, with Descriptions and Links
Job Resources by U.S. Region
The World Wide Web Employment Office
The Monster Board (includes old Online Career Center)
JobSpace Jobsite Europages
Alta Vista Translation Service
America's Job Bank CareerPath
JobBank USA Internet Press
American Journalism Review
National Ad Search CareerPost
HandiLinks to Agencies Job Safari
CompaniesOnline America's Job Bank
Employer's Direct Whois Lookup
HeadHunter, NET Weddle's Web Guide
JobBank USA; JobsMetaSEARCH
Internet Sleuth Career Search Launch Pad
Liszt CareerMagazine CareerMosaic
dejanews Guide to Internet BBSs
Spam Hunters Computer Virus Myths
JobTrak Monster Board JobSmart
The Black Collegian Peterson's Summer Programs
Summer Jobs Location Search Cool Works
Academia: The First Worldwide Register
Academe This Week Jobs in Higher Education
The Federal Jobs Digest FedJobs FedWorld
OPM's USA jobs The Law Employment Center
Emplawyernet Union College CDC
Job Listings by Industry
Job Databases by Professional Societies
California Rural Healthcare Jobs
Communication Arts Global Careers
Jobs in Mathematics Kitchenette-Job Bar NACUFS
Journalism Jobs NASWCA
Net-Temps Accounting/Finance Temporary
Information Technology Temporary
Legal Professionals Temporary
Out in the real world, they're called want-ads, or `the classifieds,' job vacancies, or job opportunities. But on the Internet, they're called `job listings,' or — more commonly, now — `job postings'; sites where employers post the jobs they're trying to fill. These are the sites that make job-hunters just salivate, and are arguably the most popular job-related sites on the Internet.
But ... the Internet is essentially selling a dream here, as though it were your fairy godmother. So before we get to the listings, let's briefly compare the dream with the reality:
Fairy Godmother Report:
Job Posting Sites
WHAT YOU'D HOPE TO FIND: A sure-fire way to find a job because you would have access to millions of vacancies, help-wanted ads, or `job postings' listed on the Internet by employers, all at one central site, arranged by geographical area, searchable by a variety of criteria or keywords. An electronic fairy godmother, anxious to grant you your every wish.
WHAT YOU ACTUALLY GET: Las Vegas. `Job-hunting slot machines' (which is how I prefer to think of `job posting sites') that are bound to pay off eventually for someone — often for a lot of `someones,' but not necessarily for you.
You get: fragmented job listings online, not gathered together on one site, but spread out over hundreds if not thousands of sites, so that you don't know where to begin. You are offered no criteria for choosing the sites that are most likely to `pay off' for you. You are only told which sites are the most active, in terms of either `hits' or `page views' or `(unique) visitors' — but not which sites are the most effective — where their visitors actually find a job. "We are one of the most visited sites on the Internet" doesn't mean much. It's not how many people come into a used car dealer's lot, that counts; it's how many go home with a car.
You get: access online to only a fraction of the 16,000,000 employers that are out there, in the U.S. job market. Even the famous sites — such as HeadHunter. NET, Monster Board, CareerMosaic, CareerPath, America's Job Bank, and Career Builder — each give you access, at best, to only .06% of all U.S. employers and 6% of all vacancies.
You get: access online to only a fraction of the 20,000 job titles that exist out there in the real world. I estimate that about 75% of online job listings are only for job titles in computer, engineering, electronic, technological, healthcare, financial, and academic fields. Vacancies in any decent number are not being posted online for the rest of the 20,000 job titles. Oh, people will keep telling you: "But the situation has improved greatly over the past two years." Yes indeed it has. But we've still got a long way to go!
You get: wonderful-looking `shells' as I call the `interfaces' or `search forms' on the online job posting sites. They will list many different occupations, many different geographical areas. But I think of them as `shells' because it's hard to know what's underneath them. When you go beneath those shells by clicking on non-technical job titles (like: "librarians") you will often find only one listing nationwide (or no listing nationwide) under that particular heading. Trust me: the vast majority of this nation's 20,000 job titles are still "missing in action" on the Net — beautiful looking `shells' notwithstanding.
You get: all in all, only a "sampling" on the Internet of the jobs available out in the real world. Never take any site as a true picture of the job market!!!!! It's skewed! (I'm being kind.)
HOW EFFECTIVE? My personal estimate of the effectiveness of Job Posting Sites on the Internet in helping you find a job: two percent, if the job you're looking for is not computer-related; 45 percent if it is. That is to say, out of every 100 non-computer-jobs people who search job listings on the Internet, two of them may find a job as a result. I think 98 will not. And, out of every 100 computer people who search job listings on the Internet, 45 of them may find a job as a result. I think 55 will not. Consequently, my advice is: if you are job-hunting full-time, look to see what these job posting sites have. Who knows what you may find! But (big but) give no more than 3% of your job-hunting time each week to this particular online activity. Within that time frame, go to any site that looks interesting, and (metaphorically-speaking) pull the lever or push the button on that job-hunting slot-machine, cross your fingers, and pray you're one of the lucky ones. If you are, and it pays off for you, you'll think online job listings are the greatest invention since Swiss cheese; if not, you'll think the whole idea is full of holes.
WORDS YOU MAY HAVE CAUSE TO REMEMBER: You can search job listings on the Internet and find the perfect job you've always been dreaming of. But, you can also search all the job listings on the Internet and not find one single job that interests you. Don't take it personally, or think that this means there are no jobs out there for you. There are employers who want you — keep that always in mind. They're just not on the Internet, or if they are: like little Bo Peep, they've lost some sleep, 'cause they don't know where to find you.
And now, to my favorites — my Parachute Picks — of the job listings sites:
Job Listings By Region: the U.S.
Job Resources by U.S. Region
The true experts who guide actual job-hunters successfully in their search through job listings on the Internet are increasingly finding that the key to successful search is found on the regional sites more often than on the big national sites.
Focus, focus, focus — they are discovering — is the key. In the light of that, this is a key site on the Internet, with an absolutely wonderful list of local resources and job listing sites for each region in the U.S.
Job Listings By Region: the World
The World Wide Web Employment Office
This site has links to countries all around the world. Also, its employment opportunities are organized by occupation (over 700 occupational fields, in fact) rather than by industry. Outstanding!
Monster Board / O.C.C.
This site is that of the famous Monster Board. It has an index on the right: choose "International." This will bring you to over 1,000 global jobs. You can choose from about 50 countries around the world, or you can choose the Monster Board in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, or the UK (United Kingdom).
Jobspace: Jobs Database
Also linking to countries outside the U.S., primarily in Europe — and heavily weighted toward Belgium and Germany. What I like about this site is that it displays a list of the countries, with the number of jobs available in each. In other words (my favorite theme with job lists): you can tell what's underneath `the shell' before you go beneath `the shell.'
A United Kingdom site (as those who are experienced at reading URLs have already guessed), this has jobs in the U.K. (of course), Europe, and the Middle East. Not necessarily a lot in every country — as few as 13 vacancies listed, for some, when I visited.
Europages, The European Business Directory
For those looking for work in Europe, this site doesn't have a bulletin board or Web sites, but it does have 500,000 company addresses from over 25 European countries, with links to each country's Yellow Pages. You can search by country, subject, company name, etc. It also has a list (with links) to other sites that have economic data about Europe.
AltaVista Translation Service
If, in your search for jobs around the world, you encounter a page that is in a language you don't understand, copy down its URL, come then to this site, type in the URL, and babelfish (great name!) will display that troublesome page in English — or in any other language you wish. (It's often only an `approximation' of what the text says in its original language, but if you don't understand the original language at all, you'll appreciate having at least an approximation.) Hint: if you access this page more than once at one sitting, be sure and reload it. Otherwise your browser will just go to the `cache' on your computer, and import the page with the listing stuck at the last URL you typed in. And I mean, stuck.
Job Listings from State Employment Service Offices
America's Job Bank
This site is maintained by the U.S. public Employment Service, and links 1,800 state Employment Service offices in the U.S. that — as you might expect — know about all kinds of job vacancies or postings: mainly full-time jobs, mainly professional, management, technical, clerical, sales, blue collar, etc. AJB lists between 250,000 and 750,000 vacancies daily, with 1,000 new listings added each day (but, as they themselves admirably point out, "this represents only a fraction of all jobs in the labor market.") Incidentally, if you ever see a job here that you're interested in, you then send your resume in as that employer directs — often to the public Employment Service, for screening purposes. Small problem: if your resume gets screened out, you won't necessarily be notified as to its fate. (Ouch!)
Job Listings from Newspaper Classified Ads or Agencies
This site enables you to simultaneously search some or all of the current daily classified ads from almost 60 newspapers in the U.S. including most of the major ones (e.g., the Washington Post, New York Times, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times are included; but the San Francisco Chronicle, USA Today, and the Wall Street Journal are not). You can also search the ads from the previous two Sundays. The number of postings typically is over 230,000. I think this is a very useful site, if classified ads are what you are looking for, as it enables you to get at least a partial view of the job market in distant cities without having to move there or even subscribe to their local paper.
JobBank USA: Jobs MetaSEARCH
This meta-search site has a special section called Newspaper Search, and here you can link to the want ads of many U.S. newspapers that are not on CareerPath. You can only search through them one by one here, but they're handily grouped by state and area code. This list is thorough! In your geographical area of choice, you may find small newspapers (and therefore ads) that you didn't even know existed!
Internet Press: Newspaper Mania Job Center
http://gallery.uunet.be/internetpress / link40.htm
This is a very thorough site, with links to over 11,000 Internet News Sources.
American Journalism Review NewsLink
Here we go worldwide. At least 3,622 newspapers are now online worldwide, and they are all indexed (and linked to) here: national papers, dailies, business papers, campus newspapers, alternative papers, etc. Lots of papers, and of course, lots of classified ads. Very attractive and impressive site.
National Ad Search
Display ads in "help-wanted" sections of newspapers differ from normal want-ads in that they are more than one column in width, and tend to be for higher paying jobs. This site has about 10,000 of them, culled from the Sunday newspapers in over 60 metropolitan areas in the U.S., geared toward management, professional, technical and executive positions. Ads from the previous Sunday are displayed by Wednesday afternoon, usually — some of them even go up on Tuesday. They stay for three weeks on this site. It is organized by the date the ad appeared, city, and job discipline: accounting, advertising, banking and finance, communications, computer/data processing, design and drafting, education, engineering, entry level, environmentalist-industrial hygienist, executive general, hospital-medical health, hospitality, human resources, insurance, legal, library, management, marketing, professional, purchasing, quality control, sales, scientific, technical, telecommunications, telemarketing. There is a charge for using this site, $40 for six weeks, $75 for three months, but you can have a one week free subscription.
This site has job listings taken from the last two Sunday editions of the Washington Post, in a very clever display called JobView. It shows you in chart form, before you search, the number of ads they have online in various parts of the D.C. metropolitan area, sorted by occupational category. Terrific! The one downside is the date of the ad is missing until you click through to individual job announcements. Nonetheless, I wish every job posting site on the Web had a JobView display; it would let us see instantly what's beneath `the shell' of some of those sites.
Incidentally, this site also links to CareerPath (see above), plus a few ads from the online International Herald Tribune.
HandiLinks To Agencies
We're talking links to employment agencies here, temporary agencies, talent agencies, modeling agencies, and every other kind of agent who is online and anxious to sign you up (often for a fee, of course) and try to place you.
Job Listing Commercial Sites on the World Wide Web
There are two kinds of commercial sites:
(1) The first kind of commercial site on the Web is an individual employer's own Web site — often with `help wanted' notices there.
They claim this is the largest index of companies with employment information on the Internet, with fresh links to those pages — categorized by alphabet and location. A nice place to start; still a lot of companies that I know are on the Web, and have employment information, are missing here. If there is a particular company or organization you'd like to work for, don't let lists be the last word: sometimes just typing the name of that company into your favorite search engine will turn up its Web site, and job listings thereon. Remember, the site isn't always named after the company. For example, Adams Media Corporation's job openings are on their CareerCity site.
On this site you can search for information on over 100,000 Public & Private Companies. The site is cosponsored by Dun & Bradstreet, and Lycos.
America's Job Bank
America's Job Bank has an impressive alphabetical list of (and links to) employers who have Web sites — some 2,800 of them (of course you need to remember that's only .02% of the employers in the U.S.).
RPI (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) has a very good Career Development Center online, and at this site has put up a list of employers who place job opportunities on their own Web servers.
Here you can type in any part of an organization's name and it will look up to see what `domain names' are registered to that organization (if any) on the Internet. (Try "Bumblebee.") It will tell you who to contact, and when the database was last updated on site. Created by Rob Kabacoff.
You can of course also use your favorite search engine to look for an employer's Web site. Suppose I wanted to work for some hotel on the shores of Lake Washington near Seattle. I go to my favorite search engine, which is Metacrawler, and type in the query: "Lake Washington hotel" and bingo: at the top of the list is the Web site of "The Woodmark Hotel" and there is a section on that site called "Job Openings" (lucky me, were I a job-hunter: there were five openings when I looked).
You can also list any kind of employer, product, service, or business you're interested in, together with the words: "AND jobs." For example, your search query might be: "Publishing AND jobs."
(2) Besides individual organizations, there's a second kind of commercial site, and that is a kind of employers' electronic bulletin board if you will, where a number of employers come, to post their `help wanted' ads, listings, vacancies, or postings — use whatever word you will. Many of these are famous sites, and you will often see them discussed in the press, reviewed in magazines, and included on lists of job-related Web sites. Following is a list of the `bulletin board' sites, beginning with my favorites — my Parachute Picks:
This is a commercial employment site belonging to Headhunters. LLC, and they give you access to the original job listings of 10,000 employers — for the Web, a huge number. (But do remember that's still only .06% of the 16,000,000 employers in the U.S.)
One of the most popular job sites on the Web (along with CareerMosaic and Monster Board), they report 78,000 visitors a day — some famous job sites only have 300 visitors a day. Last time I looked, HeadHunter.NET's postings came from 12,000 employers directly, and totalled 195,108 (none more than 45 days old). Unfortunately, 75% of them were only for high-tech jobs. That leaves 48,777 job listings here that are non-high-tech, and still you can "strike out." Going beneath its search form I found, in some fields, as few as four jobs posted, nationwide. The `look' of this site has improved greatly!
Weddle's Web Guide
On the site of the National Business Employment Weekly, Peter Weddle has put up a fascinating Guide to the major job listing sites on the Web, giving us a great deal of information about each site. You will want to go there and see what he has to say about each job listing site. (Choose "Weddle's Web Guide" from the home page, and note that new stuff gets added regularly.)
His list has no links, but with the kind permission of the NBEW I have made up a chart, with links, of the sites he reports as having many job listings — beginning with the highest number, and working our way on down. I have also listed the three fields that have the most listings on each site (taken again from Weddle's Web Guide). You will note immediately the predominant bias in site after site's listings: jobs in technology.
|The Current Situation||3|
|An Outline of This Guide||7|
|URLs: Web Addresses for Job-Hunters and||11|
|Career-Changers Gateway Sites||11|
|THE FIVE USES OF THE INTERNET FOR JOB-HUNTERS OR CAREER-CHANGERS||16|
|2. Your Resume||37|
|3. Career Counseling||48|
|A Beginner's Primer: What Exactly Is the Internet?||89|
|For Further Reading||107|
|About the Author||109|