Jobs for the Poor: Can Labor Demand Policies Help?

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Overview

"Even as the United States enjoys a booming economy and historically low levels of unemployment, millions of Americans remain out of work or underemployed, and joblessness continues to plague many urban communities, racial minorities, and people with little education. In Jobs for the Poor, Timothy Bartik calls for a dramatic shift in the way the United States confronts this problem. Today, most efforts to address this problem focus on the ways to make workers more employable, such as job training and welfare reform. Bartik argues that the United States should put more emphasis on ways to increase the interest of employers in creating jobs for the poor - or the labor demand side of the labor market."--BOOK JACKET.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780871540980
  • Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
  • Publication date: 1/28/2001
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 475
  • Product dimensions: 6.64 (w) x 9.22 (h) x 1.01 (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
About the Author
Ch. 1 The Case for Labor Demand Policies 1
Ch. 2 Labor Supply and Demand Policies: Descriptions, Classifications, Cross-National Comparisons, and History 19
Ch. 3 The Low-Wage Labor Market 33
Ch. 4 The Labor Market Effects of Labor Supply Programs 69
Ch. 5 The Effects of Increased Labor Demand 112
Ch. 6 Are Labor Demand Policies Inflationary? 149
Ch. 7 Publicly Funded Jobs for the Poor 162
Ch. 8 Wage Subsidy Programs 204
Ch. 9 Other Labor Demand Policies That May Affect the Poor 249
Ch. 10 A Suggested Package of Labor Demand Policies 286
Appendices 303
Notes 407
References 437
Index 465
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  • Anonymous

    Posted May 31, 2001

    comments by pre-publication reviewers

    'In the United States and elsewhere, efforts to maintain the incomes of the low-skilled have turned away from welfare to work. Timothy Bartik takes apart both the demand and supply sides of the labor market in which people with low human capital operate, and reveals the relative potentials of policy measures that operate on each side of this market. By combining solid analytics, a judicious review of the evidence, and his own estimates, he concludes that past U.S. policy has overemphasized measures to increase work effort by the poor, while neglecting measures designed to increase employer demands for the services of the low-skilled. He leaves us with a convincing two-pronged policy proposal emphasizing demand side incentives, which avoid the drawbacks of past efforts. His analysis and program deserve airing among policymakers and scholars, and will be used as the analytic core of courses concerned with the economics of labor market and social policy.' Robert Haveman, John Bascom Professor of Economics and Public Affairs, University of Wisconsin-Madison. 'Why have so many less-skilled workers had such a hard time finding and keeping jobs during the economic boom of the 1980s and 1990s? Timothy Bartik documents that a key reason is our failure to adopt labor demand policies focused on the least-skilled workers who have been left behind in our rapidly-changing economy. Jobs for the Poor provides a comprehensive review about what we have learned from thirty years of employment and training programs. Academics, policymakers, and students can all learn much about what has worked and what has not in our struggle to achieve full employment. Bartik advocates subsidizing employers to hire the disadvantaged and convinces us that labor supply policies alone will not do the job.' Sheldon Danziger, Henry J. Meyer Collegiate Professor of Social Work and Public Policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

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