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Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills

Joining Together: Group Theory and Group Skills

by David W. Johnson

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ISBN-10: 0132989794

ISBN-13: 9780132989794

Pub. Date: 03/28/2012

Publisher: Pearson Educacion

This best-selling text presents a broad, integrative overview of group dynamics presented in a well-researched, readable, and experiential format. This text introduces readers to the theory and research findings needed to understand how to make groups effective, and it helps build the skills required to apply that knowledge in practical situations. More than a


This best-selling text presents a broad, integrative overview of group dynamics presented in a well-researched, readable, and experiential format. This text introduces readers to the theory and research findings needed to understand how to make groups effective, and it helps build the skills required to apply that knowledge in practical situations. More than a textbook, Joining Together illustrates how this knowledge and mastery of skills creates choices, opportunities, and successes for each individual. No competing text offers the scope of coverage and the range of experiential exercises you'll find in Joining Together.

New to this Edition: The entire text has been extensively edited and designed to ensure a concise and readable presentation. References and citations have been updated throughout the text to guarantee the most current and useful research information available. Chapter 3, "Group Goals," has been revised to update the discussions of cooperation and competition and trust. Chapter 4, "Leadership," incorporates the latest theories and research on effective small group research and illustrates the application of the theory to practical situations in a variety of settings. Chapter 9, "Managing Conflict of Interests," now includes the latest and most exciting theory and research on the constructive resolution of conflict, with special attention to the topics of negotiation and mediation. Chapter 8, "Controversy and Creativity," has been thoroughly revised to update the discussion of creativity and its relationship to effective group problem solving. New chapter objectives, quizzes, and PowerPoints are available to adopters online by contacting your local representative.

Product Details

Pearson Educacion
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Table of Contents

Preface     xv
Group Dynamics     1
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     1
Group Dynamics and Me     1
What Is a Group?     5
The Importance of Groups     11
Group Structure     14
Creating Productive Groups     18
How to Create an Effective Group     24
The Development of Groups Over Time     27
The Field of Group Dynamics     34
The Nature of This Book and How to Use It     40
Summary     43
Experiential Learning     44
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     45
Procedural Learning     45
Action Theories     46
Gaining Expertise Through Experiential Learning     48
Experiential Learning and Motivation     52
Learning Group Skills     53
Role Playing     55
Learning How to Be a Participant-Observer     56
Conducting Skill-Training Exercises     59
Ethics of Experiential Learning     63
Summary     65
Group Goals, Social Interdependence, and Trust     66
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     67
Introduction     67
What Is a Goal?     70
Start Goals     73
Clarity of Goals     76
Operational Goals     76
Group Goals and Level of Aspiration     77
Dealing with Hidden Agendas     78
Helping Groups Set Effective Goals     79
Group Goals and Social Interdependence Among Members     88
Outcomes of Social Interdependence     94
Effort to Achieve and Produce     95
Reciprocal Relationships Among the Three Outcomes     104
Mediating Variables: The Basic Elements of Cooperation     106
The Stability of Cooperation     113
Goal Structures and the Allocation of Benefits Among Group Members     113
Mixed-Motive Situations     115
Developing and Maintaining Trust     122
Summary     129
Communication Within Groups     130
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     131
Introduction and Definitions     131
Group Communication     133
Sending and Receiving Messages     136
Communication in a Problem-Solving Group     146
Interaction Analysis     147
Communication Networks     155
Communication Patterns in an Authority Hierarchy     156
Influences on Effectiveness of Group Communication     161
Effects of Cooperation and Competition on Communication     161
Physical Influences on Communication     163
Seating Arrangements     163
Humor     164
Summary     165
Leadership     166
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     167
What Is Leadership?     167
Trait Theories of Leadership     177
Leadership Styles     182
Influence Theory of Leadership     184
Role Position/Group Structure Approach to Leadership     186
Situational Theories of Leadership     190
Organizational Leadership     199
What If You Do Not Want to Be a Leader?     202
Summary     216
Using Power     218
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     219
Introduction     220
What Is Power?     223
The Dynamic Interdependence View of Power     225
Mobilizing Power to Achieve Goals     229
The Trait Factor Approach to Power     232
The Bases of Power     234
Conflict Model of Social Influence      237
Power and Problem Solving     240
Unequal Power     243
Group Norms: Indirect Power     256
The Group Mind     260
Individual Versus Relationship Perspectives     264
Summary     264
Decision Making     266
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     267
Making Effective Decisions     267
Individual Versus Group Decision Making     270
Methods of Decision Making     284
Factors Enhancing Group Decision Making     291
Factors Hindering Group Decision Making     291
Considered and Thoughtful Decision Making     306
Problems with Theorizing on Decision Making     313
Summary     319
Controversy and Creativity     320
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     321
Controversy and Decision Making     325
The Avoidance of Controversy     329
Outcomes of Controversy     340
Creativity     342
Process of Controversy     343
Conditions Determining the Constructiveness of Controversy     347
Minority Influence, Controversy, and Decision Making     349
Structuring Constructive Controversies     351
Being a Citizen in a Democracy     353
Creative Problem Solving     355
Developing and Fostering Creativity     357
Open Versus Closed Belief Systems     360
Brainstorming     361
Summary     366
Managing Conflicts of Interest     368
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     369
Conflict-Positive Groups     369
Nature of Conflicts of Interest     370
Conflicts Can Be Destructive or Constructive     371
Conflict and Aggression     372
Conflict Strategies: What Are You Like?     375
Controlling the Occurrence of Conflicts     379
The Nature of Negotiations     380
Two Types of Negotiating     387
The Integrative Negotiating Procedure     392
Defining the Conflict as a Mutual Problem     395
Try, Try Again     409
Negotiating in Good Faith     412
Refusal Skills: This Issue Is Non-Negotiable     413
Intergroup Conflict     421
Third-Party Mediation     437
Summary     438
Valuing Diversity     440
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter      441
Introduction     444
Sources of Diversity     445
The Importance of Managing Diversity     446
The Value of Diversity     447
Barriers to Interacting with Diverse Peers     453
Making Member Diversity a Strength     462
Summary     466
Cooperative Learning in the Classroom     474
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     475
Nature of Cooperative Learning     475
Formal Cooperative Learning: Being A "Guide on the Side"     479
Preinstructional Decisions     480
Explaining the Task and Cooperative Structure     487
Monitoring and Intervening     489
Evaluating Learning and Processing Interaction     492
Informal Cooperative Learning Groups     493
Using Informal Cooperative Learning     495
Base Groups     496
Integrated Use of All Three Goal Structures     499
The Cooperative School     502
Summary     503
Leading Growth and Counseling Groups     504
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     505
Introduction     505
Types of Therapeutic Groups     505
The Unique Power of Group Experiences     512
Importance of Disclosing Emotions     517
Leading a Growth Group     519
Conceptual Frameworks, Feelings, and Intuition     525
Becoming a Facilitator     527
Growth Groups and Participant Anxiety     528
Costs of Growth and Therapy Groups     528
Comparative Effectiveness     528
Summary     529
Team Development, Team Training     530
Basic Concepts to Be Covered in This Chapter     531
Introduction     531
What Is a Team?     532
Types of Teams     534
Organizational Context     537
Building Productive Teams     543
Research on Team Effectiveness     545
Forming, Structuring, and Nurturing Teams     546
Use of Teams in Training Programs     551
Team Building     552
Assessing Quality of Work     552
Total Quality Management     559
Dealing with Problem Behaviors in Teams     562
Summary     564
Epilogue     566
Guidelines for Creating Effective Groups     567
Learning Group Skills     569
Summary      571
Answers     572
Glossary     584
References     597
Index     627

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