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Jonathan Edwards's Philosophy Of Nature

Overview

This volume aims to place Edwards's writings on natural philosophy in the broad historical, theological and scientific context of a wide variety of religious responses to the rise of modern science in the early modern period - John Donne's reaction to the new astronomical philosophy of Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo, as well as to Francis Bacon's new natural philosophy; Blaise Pascal's response to Descartes' mechanical philosophy; the reactions to Newtonian science and finally Jonathan Edwards's response to the ...

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Overview

This volume aims to place Edwards's writings on natural philosophy in the broad historical, theological and scientific context of a wide variety of religious responses to the rise of modern science in the early modern period - John Donne's reaction to the new astronomical philosophy of Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo, as well as to Francis Bacon's new natural philosophy; Blaise Pascal's response to Descartes' mechanical philosophy; the reactions to Newtonian science and finally Jonathan Edwards's response to the scientific culture and imagination of his time.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780567226501
  • Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
  • Publication date: 5/20/2010
  • Pages: 352
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Avihu Zakai is Professor of early modern history and early American history at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His fields of interest are Protestant religious history in both Europe and America in the early modern period, from the Protestant Reformation to the Great Awakening in America. In the past he published several books with, among others, Cambridge University Press and Princeton University Press.

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments viii

Introduction 1

Chapter I Philosophia ancilla theologiae: The Theological Origins of Jonadian Edwards's philosophy of Nature 11

1 Philsophia ancilla theologiae 14

2 Edwards's Typological and Emblematic View of the World of Nature 17

3 The Great Chain of Being 27

4 The God of Mechanical Philosophers 30

5 The School of "Physico-theology" 36

6 Edwards and the School of Physico-theology 43

Chapter II The Rise of Modern Science and the Decline of Theology as the "Queen of Sciences" in the Early Modern Era 51

1 Regina Scientiarum-Theology as the "Queen of Sciences" 56

2 Copernicus-"Astronomy is Written for Astronomers" 59

3 Kepler-The New Physica Coelestis 63

4 Galileo-The Book of Nature "is Written in the Language of Mathematics" 73

Chapter III "All Coherence Gone"-Donne and the "New Philosophy" 86

1 The New Scientia Naturalis 90

2 The New Science of Nature: Fears, Doubts, and Anxieties 102

3 Donne and the "New Philosophy" 107

a "Doubts and Anxieties": Ignatius His Conclave 110

b "All Coherence Gone": The First Anniversarie 118

Chapter IV "God of Abraham" and "Not of Philosophers": Pascal against the Philosophers' Disenchantment of the World 125

1 "The Eternal Silence of These Infinite Spaces Frightens Me" 128

2 Pascal against the "Philosophers" 133

3 "The God of Abraham" and not "the God of Philosophers" 145

4 The Theater of Nature: Natura Naturata and Natura Naturans 153

Chapter V Religion and the Newtonian Universe 163

1 Newton and the Newtonians 165

2 God "Very Well Skilled in Mechanics and Geometry" 172

3 Science's Disenchantment of the World and the Eighteenth-century Imagination 178

4 Reaction to Newton and the Newtonians' "Subversion and Ruin of Religion" 181

a John Edwards against the Newtonian "New Systems in Divinity" 181

b Robert Greene against Mechanical Philosophy's "Subversion and Ruin of Religion" 185

c Leibniz against Newton's "Very Odd Opinion Concerning the Work of God" 189

d Swift, against the "New Systems of Nature" 194

e Blake's "Contempt & Abhorrence" of Bacon, Locke, and Newton 202

Chapter VI Jonathan Edwards and the "Age of Enlightenment" 207

1 The Enlightened Age 208

2 Deism 211

3 Natural Philosophy 216

4 History 220

5 Ethics and Morals 224

Chapter VII Jonathan Edwards's Philosophy of Nature: The Re-enchantment of die World in the Age of Scientific Reasoning 231

1 Edwards and the New Philosophy 234

2 The Genesis of Edwards's Philosophy of Nature 240

3 Mechanical Philosophy's Disenchantment of the World 245

4 Atomic Doctrine 248

5 The Laws of Nature 254

6 God and the World 259

7 The Nature of the Created Order 263

8 Idealism 266

Bibliography 274

Index 303

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