Joseph E. Murray and the Story of the First Human Kidney Transplant

Joseph E. Murray and the Story of the First Human Kidney Transplant

by Joanne Mattern

Editorial Reviews

This new biographical series (Unlocking the Secrets of Science) profiles "the 20th century achievers in science, medicine, and technology." Joseph E. Murray is a lively read, immediately drawing the reader into Murray's important efforts in reconstructive surgery. The reader is given a real sense of how difficult the work was and how much time Murray and his coworkers spent weighing the ethical repercussions of their work. This fine biography is well suited to its audience and informative on a man who has otherwise not been written about for the young adult audience. The intent of this series is to give young adults an understanding of the significance of these scientists in the development of modern life. Unfortunately, the thirty planned titles include only two women, a circumstance that the publisher states is because "for the greater part of the 20th century science, medicine and technology were male-dominated fields." With subseries on inventors, scientists, and pioneers are biographies of Christiaan Barnard, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Jonas Salk, and Frederick Banting. Except for the lack of women subjects, this series appears to be one that any middle school, high school, or public library should be pleased to add to its collection. Glossary. Index. Photos. Further Reading. Chronology. VOYA Codes: 4Q 3P M J S (Better than most, marred only by occasional lapses; Will appeal with pushing; Middle School, defined as grades 6 to 8; Junior High, defined as grades 7 to 9; Senior High, defined as grades 10 to 12). 2002, Mitchell Lane, 48p. PLB
— Gillian Wiseman
School Library Journal - School Library Journal
Gr 5-8-Murray, a plastic surgeon, became interested in organ transplantation after a stint in the army treating wounded soldiers who were in need of skin grafts. He performed the first successful kidney transplant in 1954, on an identical twin. In 1962, in another breakthrough operation, the healthy organ came from a cadaver. After his forays into transplants, Murray returned to plastic surgery but also offered his expertise around the world. In 1990, he was awarded the Nobel Prize. Kolff, a Dutch doctor, was convinced that he could create a machine that would cleanse the body of wastes being retained by nonfunctioning kidneys. In the midst of the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in 1942, he designed a dialysis machine to do just that. After immigrating to the U.S., he also helped to create the first artificial heart, among other achievements. Both books offer brief glimpses into the personal lives of these men, particularly their determination to succeed in their efforts, but the focus is on their work. Black-and-white photos of the scientists, their colleagues, and patients are included. Solid additions to biography collections.-Carol Fazioli, formerly at The Brearley School, New York City Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information.

Product Details

Mitchell Lane Pub Inc
Publication date:
Unlocking the Secrets of Science Ser.
Product dimensions:
7.50(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.15(d)
Age Range:
9 - 15 Years

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