Journey of Hope: The Back-to-Africa Movement in Arkansas in the Late 1800s / Edition 1

Journey of Hope: The Back-to-Africa Movement in Arkansas in the Late 1800s / Edition 1

by Kenneth C. Barnes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807855502

ISBN-13: 9780807855508

Pub. Date: 09/13/2004

Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press

Liberia was founded by the American Colonization Society (ACS) in the 1820s as an African refuge for free blacks and liberated American slaves. While interest in African migration waned after the Civil War, it roared back in the late nineteenth century with the rise of Jim Crow segregation and disfranchisement throughout the South. The back-to-Africa movement held

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Overview

Liberia was founded by the American Colonization Society (ACS) in the 1820s as an African refuge for free blacks and liberated American slaves. While interest in African migration waned after the Civil War, it roared back in the late nineteenth century with the rise of Jim Crow segregation and disfranchisement throughout the South. The back-to-Africa movement held great new appeal to the South's most marginalized citizens, rural African Americans. Nowhere was this interest in Liberia emigration greater than in Arkansas. More emigrants to Liberia left from Arkansas than any other state in the 1880s and 1890s.

In Journey of Hope, Kenneth C. Barnes explains why so many black Arkansas sharecroppers dreamed of Africa and how their dreams of Liberia differed from the reality. This rich narrative also examines the role of poor black farmers in the creation of a black nationalist identity and the importance of the symbolism of an ancestral continent.

Based on letters to the ACS and interviews of descendants of the emigrants in war-torn Liberia, this study captures the life of black sharecroppers in the late 1800s and their dreams of escaping to Africa.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807855508
Publisher:
The University of North Carolina Press
Publication date:
09/13/2004
Series:
The John Hope Franklin Series in African American History and Culture
Edition description:
1
Pages:
288
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

1The Liberia exodus Arkansas colony, 1877-188013
2A movement ebbs and flows : the 1880s33
3Hope ignites : Liberia fever, 1888-189149
4Gaw'n t' 'Beria : the crisis of 189275
5Troublemakers91
6Missions107
7The meaning of Africa123
8The last voyages135
9In Liberia149

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