Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine: History, Messiah, Israel, and the Initial Confrontation

Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine: History, Messiah, Israel, and the Initial Confrontation

by Jacob Neusner
     
 

View All Available Formats & Editions

ISBN-10: 0226576531

ISBN-13: 9780226576534

Pub. Date: 12/28/2007

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

With the conversion of Constantine in AD 312, Christianity began a period of political and cultural dominance that it would enjoy until the twentieth century. Jacob Neusner contradicts the prevailing view that following Christianity's ascendancy, Judaism continued to evolve in isolation. He argues that because of the political need to defend its claims to religious

Overview

With the conversion of Constantine in AD 312, Christianity began a period of political and cultural dominance that it would enjoy until the twentieth century. Jacob Neusner contradicts the prevailing view that following Christianity's ascendancy, Judaism continued to evolve in isolation. He argues that because of the political need to defend its claims to religious authenticity, Judaism was forced to review itself in the context of a triumphant Christianity. The definition of issues long discussed in Judaism - the meaning of history, the coming of the Messiah, and the political identity of Israel - became of immediate and urgent concern to both parties. What emerged was a polemical dialogue between Christian and Jewish teachers that was unprecedented.

In a close analysis of texts by the Christian theologians Eusebius, Aphrahat, and Chrysostom, and of central Jewish works such as the Talmud of the Land of Israel, Genesis Rabbah, and Leviticus Rabbah, Neusner finds that both religious groups turned to the same corpus of Hebrew scripture to examine the same fundamental issues. Eusebius and Genesis Rabbah both address the issue of history, Chrysostom and the Talmud the issue of the Messiah, and Aphrahat and Leviticus Rabbah the issue of Israel. As Neusner demonstrates, the conclusions drawn shaped the dialogue between the two religions for the rest of their shared history in the West.

About the Author:
Jacob Neusner is Distinguished Service Professor of the history and theology of Judaism and senior fellow of the Institute for Advanced Theology at Bard College

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226576534
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
12/28/2007
Series:
Chicago Studies in the History of Judaism Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
262
Sales rank:
1,174,988
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Religion and Political Change
Judaism without Christianity
The Judaic Sages' Canon in the Context of the Fourth Century
Their Intent, Our Interpretation
1. Judaism and Christianity in the Age of Constantine
Christianity and the Roman Empire in the Age of Constantine
Jews in the Land of Israel in the Fourth Century
Judaism in the Land of Israel
2. Genesis Rabbah and Israel's History: Christian and Judaic Theories of History and Its Meaning
The Issue of History: Events, Patterns, Proofs
Eusebius and the Beginnings of Christian Historiography
Genesis Rabbah and Israel's Historical Crisis
3. The Talmud of the Land of Israel and the Messiah: Christian Triumph, Judaic Response
The Messianic Crisis
Chrysostom: Jewish Unbelief, Christian Wavering
The Talmud of the Land of Israel and Israel's Messianic Crisis
4. Leviticus Rabbah, Genesis Rabbah, and the Identification of Israel
Who Is Israel?
Aphrahat and the People Which Is No Peoples
Leviticus Rabbah and Israel's National Crisis
Genesis Rabbah: The Claim of the Siblings
Genealogy and the Political Crisis
5. Politics and Proof-Texts: Exegesis and Canon
A Test of Falsification
Same Topic, Different Program: No Encounter
Jerome and the Christian Exegetical Tradition
Sifr9 to Numbers and the Judaic Exegetical Tradition
The Christian Canon in the Fourth Century: Old and New Testaments
The Judaic Canon in the Fourth Century: The Written and Oral Torah
The Absence of Confrontation
Epilogue: The Shape of the Initial Encounter and the Enduring Confrontation
Sages' Success in the Initial Encounter
The Enduring Confrontation
Appendixes
1. Genesis Rabbah on Israel's History
2. Aphrahat on Israel
3. Leviticus Rabbah on Israel
4. Genesis Rabbah on Israel
Bibliography
Index

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >