Judaism and Human Rights: Second Edition / Edition 2

Judaism and Human Rights: Second Edition / Edition 2

by Milton R Konvitz
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0765808579

ISBN-13: 9780765808578

Pub. Date: 10/01/2001

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

Areligion or a culture like Judaism, at least three thousand years old, cannot be expected to be all of one piece, homogeneous, self-contained, consistent, a neatly constructed system of ideas. If Judaism were that, it would have died centuries ago and would be a subject of interest only to the historian and archaeologist. Judaism has been a living force precisely

Overview

Areligion or a culture like Judaism, at least three thousand years old, cannot be expected to be all of one piece, homogeneous, self-contained, consistent, a neatly constructed system of ideas. If Judaism were that, it would have died centuries ago and would be a subject of interest only to the historian and archaeologist. Judaism has been a living force precisely because it is a teeming, thundering, and clamoring phenomenon, full of contrary tendencies and inconsistencies. Although there are no words or phrases in Hebrew Scriptures for "human rights," "conscience," or "due process of law," the ideals and values which these concepts represent were inherent in the earliest Jewish texts.

This volume begins with four essays on the concept of man's being born "free and equal," in the image of God. The underpinning of this concept in Jewish law is explored in Section 2, entitled "The Rule of Law." Section 3, "The Democratic Ideal," traces the foundations of democracy in the Jewish teachings in the Bible and the Talmud, which in turn influenced the whole body of Western political thought. Relations between man and man, man and woman, employer and employee, slave and master are all spelled out. Section 4 presents essays analyzing man's freedom of conscience, and his God-given rights to dissent and protest. Section 5 deals with aspects of personal liberty, including the right of privacy. Section 6, entitled "The Earth is the Lord's," deals with the Jewish view of man's transient tenancy on God's earth, his obligations not to destroy anything that lives or grows, and to share the earth's bounty with the poor, the widowed, and the orphaned. Section 7 delivers an analysis of the "end of days" vision of Micah and man's continuing need to strive for peace and not for war. The volume concludes with three new essays, dealing with contemporary issues: "In God's Image: The Religious Imperative of Equality under Law"; "The Values of a Jewish and Democratic State: The Task of Reaching a Synthesis"; and "Religious Freedom and Religious Coercion in the State of Israel."

This enlarged edition is accessibly written for a general and scholarly audience and will be of particular interest to political scientists, historians, and constitutional scholars.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765808578
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
10/01/2001
Edition description:
2ND
Pages:
427
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.30(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to Transaction Edition1
Preface11
Introduction13
Part I.Born Free and Equal23
Editor's Note25
Man's Dignity in God's World27
Judaism and Equality33
A Common Humanity under One God55
Many Are Called and Many Are Chosen75
Part II.The Rule of Law85
Editor's Note87
The Bible and the Rule of Law89
Kingship under the Judgment of God92
The Rule of a Higher Law99
Part III.The Democratic Ideal115
Editor's Note117
Judaism and the Democratic Ideal119
Foundations of Democracy in the Scriptures and Talmud140
Democratic Aspirations in Talmudic Judaism145
Part IV.Freedom of Conscience157
Editor's Note159
Conscience and Civil Disobedience161
Freedom of Religion--Absolute and Inalienable179
The Right of Dissent and Intellectual Liberty190
Part V.Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness213
Editor's Note215
The Good Life216
The Right of Privacy225
There Shall Be No Poor234
Part VI.The Earth Is the Lord's247
Editor's Note249
Man as Temporary Tenant251
Do Not Destroy!259
Ecology and the Jewish Tradition265
Part VII.Pursuit of Peace275
Editor's Note277
The Vision of Micah278
Part VIII.Human Rights in an Israeli Context289
Religious Freedom and Religious Coercion in the State of Israel291
In God's Image: The Religious Imperative of Equality Under Law335
The Values of a Jewish and Democratic State: The Task of Reaching a Synthesis353
Contributors419
Index421

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