Judicial Process: Law,Courts,and Politics in the United States / Edition 2

Judicial Process: Law,Courts,and Politics in the United States / Edition 2

by David W. Neubauer
     
 

ISBN-10: 0030193842

ISBN-13: 9780030193842

Pub. Date: 12/23/1996

Publisher: Wadsworth

For such courses as Judicial Process; Judicial Politics; The American Legal System; or Law, Courts, and Politics, typically found in departments of political science, criminal justice, or law. JUDICIAL PROCESS provides a comprehensive examination of the American legal system, including a balanced treatment of law and politics and explanations of the function of

Overview

For such courses as Judicial Process; Judicial Politics; The American Legal System; or Law, Courts, and Politics, typically found in departments of political science, criminal justice, or law. JUDICIAL PROCESS provides a comprehensive examination of the American legal system, including a balanced treatment of law and politics and explanations of the function of judicial process as the third branch of government. This textbook is designed for courses that deal with America's judicial system, emphasizing how the American legal system reflects the American political system.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780030193842
Publisher:
Wadsworth
Publication date:
12/23/1996
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
544
Product dimensions:
7.58(w) x 9.26(h) x 0.82(d)

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1 Law, Courts, and Politics
1(20)
Case Close-Up: Texas v. Johnson: Flag Burning
3(1)
Case Close-Up: Overview
4(1)
Courts and the Legal System
5(4)
Profile: Overview
9(1)
Law and Politics
10(2)
Controversy: Overview
12(1)
Organization of the Book
13(4)
Conclusion
17(1)
Key Terms
18(1)
References
19(1)
For Further Reading
19(2)
Part I INSTITUTIONS OF LAW 21(100)
CHAPTER 2 Law and Legal Systems
22(30)
What Is Law?
23(2)
Legal Systems
25(2)
The Common Law Heritage
27(2)
Profile: Sir William Blackstone
29(1)
Key Characteristics of the Common Law
29(2)
The Adversary System
31(3)
The Structure of U.S. Law
34(8)
Discretionary Choices in Law
42(2)
Case Close-Up: Abington v. Schempp: School Prayer
44(1)
Controversy: Computers and the Law
45(1)
Conclusion
46(2)
Key Terms
48(1)
References
48(1)
For Further Reading
49(3)
CHAPTER 3 Federal Courts
52(35)
Basic Principles of Court Organization
53(2)
The History of the Federal Courts
55(4)
Case Close-Up: Marbury v. Madison: Judicial Review
59(2)
United States District Courts
61(8)
United States Courts of Appeals
69(1)
Controversy: Circuit Splitting
70(1)
The United States Supreme Court
71(1)
Specialized Courts
72(1)
Federal Judicial Administration
73(4)
Profile: Chief Justice Warren Burger
77(1)
The Ongoing Federal Courts Caseload Controversy
78(4)
Controversy: Are 1,000 Federal Judges Too Many?
82(1)
Conclusion
82(1)
Key Terms
83(1)
References
83(2)
For Further Reading
85(2)
CHAPTER 4 State Courts
87(34)
The History of State Courts
88(2)
Trial Courts of Limited Jurisdication: Lower Courts
90(2)
Trial Courts of General Jurisdiction: Major Trial Courts
92(2)
Intermediate Courts of Appeals
94(2)
Courts of Last Resort: State Supreme Courts
96(1)
The Lower Courts: A Closer Look
97(1)
Justice of the Peace Courts
98(1)
Controversy: Nonlawyer Judges
99(1)
Municipal Courts
100(2)
Juvenile Courts
102(2)
Profile: The World of the Juvenile Court Judge
104(1)
Court Unification
105(5)
Case Close-Up: Wachtler v. Cuomo: Financing the Courts
110(1)
Reducing Court Delay
111(2)
Drug Courts
113(2)
Consequences of Court Organization
115(1)
Conclusion
116(1)
Key Terms
117(1)
References
117(3)
For Further Reading
120(1)
Part II INTERPRETERS OF LAW 121(72)
CHAPTER 5 Lawyers and Legal Representation
122(34)
Legal Education
123(1)
Profile: Christopher Columbus Langdell
124(1)
Law Schools Today
125(3)
Licensing Requirements
128(2)
Controversy: Have You Heard the Latest Lawyer Joke?
130(1)
Legal Ethics and Discipline
130(1)
Bar Associations
131(3)
The Work of Lawyers
134(2)
Where Lawyers Work
136(3)
Diversity and Stratification of the Legal Profession
139(4)
Profile: When the Updown Bar Collides with the Downtown Bar
143(1)
Access to Legal Services
143(1)
Controversy: Too Many Lawyers?
144(2)
Case Close-Up: Gideon v. Wainwright: Right to Counsel
146(4)
Conclusion
150(1)
Key Terms
151(1)
References
151(3)
For Further Reading
154(2)
CHAPTER 6 Judges
156(37)
Judicial Selection
157(3)
Appointment of Federal Judges
160(4)
Controversy: Reagan's Conservative Judges
164(3)
Judicial Elections
167(2)
Controversy: Voters Playing "Lottery" in Supreme Court Race
169(2)
Merit Selection
171(2)
Which System is Best?
173(3)
Case Close-Up: Chisom v. Roemer: Diversity and the Bench
176(1)
Learning to Be a Judge
177(2)
Judges at Work
179(3)
Profile: Serving as a Judge
182(1)
Judging the Judges
183(4)
Conclusion
187(1)
Key Terms
187(1)
References
187(5)
For Further Reading
192(1)
PART III CONSUMERS OF LAW 193(26)
CHAPTER 7 Mobilizing the Law: Litigants, Interest Groups, and Court Cases
194(25)
Legal Mobilization
195(3)
Court Caseloads
198(1)
One-Shotters and Repeat Players
199(1)
The Adjudicatory Process
200(3)
Traditional versus Policy Lawsuits
203(2)
Controversy: Can Courts Bring About Social Change?
205(1)
Interest Groups in Court
206(1)
Profile: Thurgood Marshall
206(2)
Case Close-Up: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas: School Integration
208(5)
Conclusion
213(1)
Key Terms
214(1)
References
214(3)
For Further Reading
217(2)
PART IV TRIAL COURTS 219(166)
CHAPTER 8 Trial Courts: The Preliminary Stages of Criminal Cases
220(32)
Arrests
221(2)
Controversy: Crime as a Political Issue
223(1)
Initial Appearance
224(3)
Bail
227(2)
Filing Charges
229(2)
Preliminary Hearing
231(1)
Profile: A Criminal Judge's Typical Workday
232(1)
Grand Juries
233(2)
Exclusionary Rules
235(1)
Case Close-Up: Miranda v. Arizona: Limiting Police Interrogations
236(3)
Controversy: Abolish the Exclusionary Rule?
239(2)
Funneling Effect
241(1)
Why Attrition Occurs
242(2)
The Criminal Justice Wedding Cake
244(3)
Conclusion
247(1)
Key Terms
247(1)
References
247(3)
For Further Reading
250(2)
CHAPTER 9 Trial Courts: Bargaining and Sentencing in Criminal Courts
252(37)
The Courtroom Work Group
253(1)
The Many Faces of Plea Bargaining
254(4)
Plea Bargaining and Courtroom Work Groups
258(2)
Copping a Plea
260(1)
Abolishing or Reforming Plea Bargaining
261(1)
Controversy: Plea Bargaining and Justice
262(1)
Sentencing Structures
263(1)
Forms of Punishment
264(3)
The Death Penalty
267(2)
Case Close-Up: Furman v. Georgia: Does the Death Penalty Constitute Cruel and Unusual Punishment?
269(3)
Controversy: Public Opinion and the Death Penalty
272(1)
Courtroom Work Groups and the Sentencing Process
272(2)
The Fairness of Sentencing
274(3)
Increasing Gonsistency in Sentencing
277(3)
Increasing the Severity of the Penalty
280(1)
Conclusion
281(1)
Key Terms
281(1)
References
282(4)
For Further Reading
286(3)
CHAPTER 10 Trial Courts: The Preliminary Stages of Civil Cases
289(34)
The Disputing Pyramid
290(3)
Hiring a Laywer
293(3)
The Litigation Explosion Argument
296(1)
Case Close-Up: Liebeck v. McDonald's Corporation: A Dangerously Hot Cup of Coffee
297(3)
Public Perceptions of the Litigation Explosion
300(2)
Controversy: Do Asbestos Cases Belong in Court?
302(1)
Multiple World of Torts
303(3)
Tort Reform
306(2)
Controversy: Helmets and Ladders
308(3)
Alternative Dispute Resolution
311(4)
Conclusion
315(1)
Key Terms
316(1)
References
316(5)
For Further Reading
321(2)
CHAPTER 11 Trial Courts: Dispositions of Civil Cases
323(34)
Civil Procedure
324(1)
Steps in a Civil Lawsuit
325(7)
Profile: A Civil Judge's Typical Workday
332(1)
Negotiations, Settlements, and Dispositions
333(2)
Settling Tort Cases
335(3)
Negotiating Small Claims
338(2)
Bargaining Divorce Cases
340(1)
Case Close-Up: Baby Richard: Adoption Rights of Biological Fathers
341(2)
Controversy: Gender Bias and Divorce Reform
343(3)
Winners and Losers
346(2)
The High Costs of Justice
348(2)
Conclusion
350(1)
Key Terms
351(1)
References
351(4)
For Further Reading
355(2)
CHAPTER 12 Trial
357(28)
History and Function
358(3)
Jury Selection
361(3)
Profile: Jury consultant Dr. Jo-Ellan Dimitrius
364(1)
The Moving Party Presents Its Case
365(3)
The Defense Presents Its Case
368(1)
Rebuttal
369(1)
The End of the Trial
369(2)
The Jury Decides
371(1)
Controversy: Cameras in the Courtroom?
372(1)
The Verdict
373(1)
Prejudicial Pretrial Publicity
373(1)
Case Close-Up: Sheppard v. Maxwell: Prejudicial Pretrial Publicity
374(2)
Trials as Balancing Wheels
376(1)
Controversy: Jury Verdicts and the So-Called Crisis in Civil Justice
377(2)
Conclusion
379(1)
Key Terms
379(1)
References
380(3)
For Further Reading
383(2)
PART V APPELLATE REVIEW 385(124)
CHAPTER 13 The Apellate Process
386(37)
The Nature of the Appellate Process
387(4)
The Business of the Appellate Courts
391(5)
Controversy: Close Federal Courthouse Doors to State Prisoners?
396(1)
Caseloads and Expedited Processing Techniques
397(4)
State Supreme Courts
401(5)
Case Close-Up: In Re Quinlan: The "Right to Die"
406(1)
Profile: Hands Linde: The Architect of New Judicial Federalism
407(1)
Decision Making in Collegial Courts
408(6)
Conclusion
414(1)
Key Terms
414(1)
References
415(6)
For Further Reading
421(2)
CHAPTER 14 The Supreme Court: Deciding What to Decide
423(30)
Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
424(2)
Profile: Chief Justice Earl Warren
426(1)
Doctrines of Access
426(5)
Case Close-Up: Baker v. Carr: Legislative Reapportionment
431(1)
Mobilizing the Law to Reach the Supreme Court
432(4)
Case Selection
436(5)
The Court's Docket
441(4)
Controversy: Does the Nation Need a Mini Supreme Court?
445(1)
Conclusion
446(1)
Key Terms
447(1)
References
447(4)
For Further Reading
451(2)
CHAPTER 15 The Supreme Court: The Justices and Their Decisions
453(42)
Selecting the Justices
454(5)
Profile: Justice Sandra Day O'Connor
459(1)
Controversy: The Divisive Confirmation of Clarence Thomas
460(3)
Controversy: The Rejection of Robert Bork
463(1)
The Decision-Making Process
464(6)
The Justices' Policy Preferences
470(4)
From Warren to Burger to Rehnquist
474(3)
Case Close-Up: Roe v. Wade: Abortion Rights
477(3)
Impact and Implementation
480(5)
Conclusion
485(2)
Key Terms
487(1)
References
487(5)
For Further Reading
492(3)
EPILOGUE: Courts, Controversy, and Change
495(14)
Rising Expectations and Decreasing Resources
495(2)
The United States in the Midst of Change
497(1)
Courts in the Year 2030
498(4)
The Role of the Supreme Court in U.S. Political Life
502(4)
Controversy: Strict Constructionism
506(1)
References
507(1)
For Further Reading
508(1)
GLOSSARY 509(22)
CASE INDEX 531(4)
INDEX 535

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >