Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice

Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice

by Norman Daniels
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521461529

ISBN-13: 9780521461528

Pub. Date: 12/28/2003

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

We all have beliefs, even strong convictions, about what is just and fair in our social arrangements. How should these beliefs and the theories of justice that incorporate them guide our thinking about practical matters of justice? This wide-ranging collection of essays by one of the foremost medical ethicists in the United States explores the claim that justification…  See more details below

Overview

We all have beliefs, even strong convictions, about what is just and fair in our social arrangements. How should these beliefs and the theories of justice that incorporate them guide our thinking about practical matters of justice? This wide-ranging collection of essays by one of the foremost medical ethicists in the United States explores the claim that justification in ethics, whether concerning matters of theory or practice, involves achieving coherence or "reflective equilibrium" (as Rawls has called it) between our moral and nonmoral beliefs. Among the practical issues the volume addresses are the design of health-care institutions, the distribution of goods between the old and the young, and fairness in hiring and firing practices. In combining ethical theory and practical ethics this volume will prove especially valuable to philosophers concerned with ethics and applied ethics, political theorists, bioethicists, and others involved in the study of public policy.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521461528
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/28/2003
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Philosophy and Public Policy Series
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.98(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction: Reflective equilibrium in theory and practice1
Wide reflective equilibrium and theory acceptance in ethics21
Reflective equilibrium and Archimedean points47
On some methods of ethics and linguistics66
Two approaches to theory acceptance in ethics81
An argument about the relativity of justice103
Moral theory and the plasticity of persons120
Reflective equilibrium and justice as political144
Health-care needs and distributive justice179
Equality of what: Welfare, resources, or capabilities?208
Determining "medical necessity" in mental health practice232
Postscript: More on capabilities and the goals of medicine251
The prudential life-span account of justice across generations257
Problems with prudence284
Merit and meritocracy302
Rationing fairly: Programmatic considerations317
Postscript: Fair procedures and just rationing327
Wide reflective equilibrium in practice333
Index353

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