Justice and Legal Change on the Shores of Lake Erie: A History of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio

Overview

Justice and Legal Change on the Shores of Lake Erie explores the many ways that the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio has affected the region, the nation, the development of American law, and American politics. The essays in this book, written by eminent law professors, historians, political scientists, and practicing attorneys, illustrate the range of cases and issues that have come before the court. Since the court’s inception in 1855, judges have influenced economic developments ...

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Overview

Justice and Legal Change on the Shores of Lake Erie explores the many ways that the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio has affected the region, the nation, the development of American law, and American politics. The essays in this book, written by eminent law professors, historians, political scientists, and practicing attorneys, illustrate the range of cases and issues that have come before the court. Since the court’s inception in 1855, judges have influenced economic developments and social issues, beginning with the court’s most famous early case, involving the rescue of the fugitive slave John Price by residents of Northern Ohio.

Chapters focusing on labor strikes, free speech, women’s rights, the environment, the death penalty, and immigration illustrate the impact this court and its judges have had in the development of society and the nation’s law. Some of the cases here deal with local issues with huge national implications ­—like political corruption, school desegregation, or pollution on the Cuyahoga River. But others are about major national issues that grew out of incidents, such as the prosecution of Eugene V. Debs for opposing World War I, the litigation resulting from the Kent State shootings and opposition to the Vietnam War, and the immigration status of the alleged Nazi war criminal John Demyanjuk.

This timely history confirms the significant role played by district courts in the history of the United States.

Contributors:
Roberta Sue Alexander, Martin H. Belsky,
Melvyn Dubofsky, Paul Finkelman, Alison K. Guernsey, Thomas R. Hensley,
Keith H. Hirokawa, Nancy E. Marion,
Dan Aaron Polster, Renee C. Redman,
Elizabeth Reilly, Richard B. Saphire,
Tracy A. Thomas, Melvin i. Urofsky

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Paul Finkelman is President William McKinley Distinguished Professor of Law and Public Policy and Senior Fellow in the Government Law Center at Albany Law School. He is the author or editor of many articles and books.

Roberta Sue Alexander is Distinguished Service Professor of History and Professor Emeritus at the University of Dayton. She is the author of North Carolina Faces the Freedmen: Race Relations during Presidential Reconstruction, 1865–67, and A Place of Recourse: A History of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio, 1803 - 2003.

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Table of Contents

Foreword Solomon Oliver ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction Paul Finkelman 1

Part 1 Beginnings

Chapter 1 The Willson Era: The Inception of the Northern District of Ohio, 1855-67 Roberta Sue Alexander 15

Chapter 2 A Political Show Trial in the Northern District: The Oberlin-Wellington Fugitive Slave Rescue Case Paul Finkelman 37

Chapter 3 The Impact of the Northern District of Ohio on Industrialization and Labor: Liability Law and Labor Injunctions in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, 1870-1932 Melvyn Dubofsky 74

Chapter 4 The Trial of Eugene V. Debs, 1918 Melvin I. Urofsky 97

Part 2 The Modern Court

Introduction to Part 2 Dan Aaron Polster 121

Chapter 5 Bringing Brown to Cleveland Richard B. Saphire 127

Chapter 6 The Struggle for Gender Equality in the Northern District of Ohio Tracy A. Thomas 165

Chapter 7 Religion in the Public Sector Martin H. Belsky 188

Chapter 8 From Euclid to the Development of Federal Environmental Law: The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio and the Regulation of Physical Space Keith H. Hirokawa 208

Chapter 9 Preserving Trust in Government: Public Corruption and the Court Nancy E. Marion 229

Chapter 10 The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio and the May 4, 1970 Shooting at Kent State University Thomas R. Hensley 249

Chapter 11 When Law and Conscience Conflict: The Draft Nonregistration Case of United States v. Mark Arden Schmucker Elizabeth Reilly 266

Chapter 12 The Trials of John Demjanjuk Renee C. Redman 289

Chapter 13 Capital Litigation in the Northern District Alison K. Guernsey 311

Appendix A Historical Listing of Northern District Court of Ohio District Judges 347

Appendix B Historical Listing of Northern District Court of Ohio Magistrate Judges 351

Notes on Contributors 353

Index of Cases 357

General Index 365

Illustrations

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