Justice as Fairness: A Restatement / Edition 2

Justice as Fairness: A Restatement / Edition 2

by John Rawls
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674005104

ISBN-13: 9780674005105

Pub. Date: 05/28/2001

Publisher: Harvard

This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). As Rawls writes in the preface, the restatement presents "in one place an

Overview

This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). As Rawls writes in the preface, the restatement presents "in one place an account of justice as fairness as I now see it, drawing on all [my previous] works." He offers a broad overview of his main lines of thought and also explores specific issues never before addressed in any of his writings.

Rawls is well aware that since the publication of A Theory of Justice in 1971, American society has moved farther away from the idea of justice as fairness. Yet his ideas retain their power and relevance to debates in a pluralistic society about the meaning and theoretical viability of liberalism. This book demonstrates that moral clarity can be achieved even when a collective commitment to justice is uncertain.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674005105
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
05/28/2001
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Editor's Forewordxi
Prefacexv
Part IFundamental Ideas1
1.Four Roles of Political Philosophy1
2.Society as a Fair System of Cooperation5
3.The Idea of a Well-Ordered Society8
4.The Idea of the Basic Structure10
5.Limits to Our Inquiry12
6.The Idea of the Original Position14
7.The Idea of Free and Equal Persons18
8.Relations between the Fundamental Ideas24
9.The Idea of Public Justification26
10.The Idea of Reflective Equilibrium29
11.The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus32
Part IIPrinciples of Justice39
12.Three Basic Points39
13.Two Principles of Justice42
14.The Problem of Distributive Justice50
15.The Basic Structure as Subject: First Kind of Reason52
16.The Basic Structure as Subject: Second Kind of Reason55
17.Who Are the Least Advantaged?57
18.The Difference Principle: Its Meaning61
19.Objections via Counterexamples66
20.Legitimate Expectations, Entitlement, and Desert72
21.On Viewing Native Endowments as a Common Asset74
22.Summary Comments on Distributive Justice and Desert77
Part IIIThe Argument from the Original Position80
23.The Original Position: The Set-Up80
24.The Circumstances of Justice84
25.Formal Constraints and the Veil of Ignorance85
26.The Idea of Public Reason89
27.First Fundamental Comparison94
28.The Structure of the Argument and the Maximin Rule97
29.The Argument Stressing the Third Condition101
30.The Priority of the Basic Liberties104
31.An Objection about Aversion to Uncertainty106
32.The Equal Basic Liberties Revisited111
33.The Argument Stressing the Second Condition115
34.Second Fundamental Comparison: Introduction119
35.Grounds Falling under Publicity120
36.Grounds Falling under Reciprocity122
37.Grounds Falling under Stability124
38.Grounds against the Principle of Restricted Utility126
39.Comments on Equality130
40.Concluding Remarks132
Part IVInstitutions of a Just Basic Structure135
41.Property-Owning Democracy: Introductory Remarks135
42.Some Basic Contrasts between Regimes138
43.Ideas of the Good in Justice as Fairness140
44.Constitutional versus Procedural Democracy145
45.The Fair Value of the Equal Political Liberties148
46.Denial of the Fair Value for Other Basic Liberties150
47.Political and Comprehensive Liberalism: A Contrast153
48.A Note on Head Taxes and the Priority of Liberty157
49.Economic Institutions of a Property-Owning Democracy158
50.The Family as a Basic Institution162
51.The Flexibility of an Index of Primary Goods168
52.Addressing Marx's Critique of Liberalism176
53.Brief Comments on Leisure Time179
Part VThe Question of Stability180
54.The Domain of the Political180
55.The Question of Stability184
56.Is Justice as Fairness Political in the Wrong Way?188
57.How Is Political Liberalism Possible?189
58.An Overlapping Consensus Not Utopian192
59.A Reasonable Moral Psychology195
60.The Good of Political Society198
Index203

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