Justice as Fairness: A Restatement / Edition 2

Justice as Fairness: A Restatement / Edition 2

by John Rawls
     
 

ISBN-10: 0674005104

ISBN-13: 9780674005105

Pub. Date: 05/28/2001

Publisher: Harvard

This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). As Rawls writes in the preface, the restatement presents "in one place an…  See more details below

Overview

This book originated as lectures for a course on political philosophy that Rawls taught regularly at Harvard in the 1980s. In time the lectures became a restatement of his theory of justice as fairness, revised in light of his more recent papers and his treatise Political Liberalism (1993). As Rawls writes in the preface, the restatement presents "in one place an account of justice as fairness as I now see it, drawing on all [my previous] works." He offers a broad overview of his main lines of thought and also explores specific issues never before addressed in any of his writings.

Rawls is well aware that since the publication of A Theory of Justice in 1971, American society has moved farther away from the idea of justice as fairness. Yet his ideas retain their power and relevance to debates in a pluralistic society about the meaning and theoretical viability of liberalism. This book demonstrates that moral clarity can be achieved even when a collective commitment to justice is uncertain.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674005105
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
05/28/2001
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Editor's Foreword
Preface
Pt. IFundamental Ideas1
1Four Roles of Political Philosophy1
2Society as a Fair System of Cooperation5
3The Idea of a Well-Ordered Society8
4The Idea of the Basic Structure10
5Limits to Our Inquiry12
6The Idea of the Original Position14
7The Idea of Free and Equal Persons18
8Relations between the Fundamental Ideas24
9The Idea of Public Justification26
10The Idea of Reflective Equilibrium29
11The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus32
Pt. IIPrinciples of Justice39
12Three Basic Points39
13Two Principles of Justice42
14The Problem of Distributive Justice50
15The Basic Structure as Subject: First Kind of Reason52
16The Basic Structure as Subject: Second Kind of Reason55
17Who Are the Least Advantaged?57
18The Difference Principle: Its Meaning61
19Objections via Counterexamples66
20Legitimate Expectations, Entitlement, and Desert72
21On Viewing Native Endowments as a Common Asset74
22Summary Comments on Distributive Justice and Desert77
Pt. IIIThe Argument from the Original Position80
23The Original Position: The Set-Up80
24The Circumstances of Justice84
25Formal Constraints and the Veil of Ignorance85
26The Idea of Public Reason89
27First Fundamental Comparison94
28The Structure of the Argument and the Maximin Rule97
29The Argument Stressing the Third Condition101
30The Priority of the Basic Liberties104
31An Objection about Aversion to Uncertainty106
32The Equal Basic Liberties Revisited111
33The Argument Stressing the Second Condition115
34Second Fundamental Comparison: Introduction119
35Grounds Falling under Publicity120
36Grounds Falling under Reciprocity122
37Grounds Falling under Stability124
38Ground against the Principle of Restricted Utility126
39Comments on Equality130
40Concluding Remarks132
Pt. IVInstitutions of a Just Basic Structure135
41Property-Owning Democracy: Introductory Remarks135
42Some Basic Contrasts between Regimes138
43Ideas of the Good in Justice as Fairness140
44Constitutional versus Procedural Democracy145
45The Fair Value of the Equal Political Liberties148
46Denial of the Fair Value for Other Basic Liberties150
47Political and Comprehensive Liberalism: A Contrast153
48A Note on Head Taxes and the Priority of Liberty157
49Economic Institutions of a Property-Owning Democracy158
50The Family as a Basic Institution162
51The Flexibility of an Index of Primary Goods168
52Addressing Marx's Critique of Liberalism176
53Brief Comments on Leisure Time179
Pt. VThe Question of Stability180
54The Domain of the Political180
55The Question of Stability184
56Is Justice as Fairness Political in the Wrong Way?188
57How Is Political Liberalism Possible?189
58An Overlapping Consensus Not Utopian192
59A Reasonable Moral Psychology195
60The Good of Political Society198
Index203

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