The Justice Motive in Everyday Life

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The justice motive is a paradox. It can promote acts of great heroism as well as heinous crimes. This book describes how a concern for justice can affect people's judgments and behaviors. The contributors explain why people are motivated to believe in a just world and describe the role this belief plays in people's everyday lives. They also describe how an understanding of justice motivation can help ameliorate social problems such as workplace violence and the failure to help innocent victims. The Justice Motive in Everyday Life will be of interest to students and scholars in psychology, sociology, political science, law and business.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521087933
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/11/2008
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 456
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Contributors
1 Overview of the Volume 3
2 Pursuing the Justice Motive 10
Theoretical Perspectives on the Justice Motive
3 Doing Justice to the Justice Motive 41
4 The Justice Motive in Perspective 63
5 Perverse Justice and Perverse Norms: Another Turn of the Screw 79
6 Justice Motivation and Moral Motivation 91
Victim Derogation and the Belief in a Just World
7 Why We Reject Innocent Victims 109
8 Helping and Rationalization as Alternative Strategies for Restoring the Belief in a Just World: Evidence from Longitudinal Change Analyses 127
9 Violence in the Workplace: The Explanatory Strength of Social (In)Justice Theories 149
10 The Just World and Winston Churchill: An Approach/Avoidance Conflict about Psychological Distance When Harming Victims 168
The Justice Motive and Prosocial Behavior
11 Just World, Social Responsibility, and Helping Behavior 189
12 Policies to Redress Social Injustice: Is the Concern for Justice a Cause Both of Support and of Opposition? 204
13 Justice and Empathy: What Motivates People to Help Others? 226
14 The Justice Motive and Altruistic Helping: Rescuers of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Europe 251
15 Acting Righteously: The Influence of Attitude, Moral Responsibility, and Emotional Involvement 271
Justice-based Reactions to Transgressors
16 Redistributive Justice: Its Social Context 291
17 Just Punishments: Research on Retributional Justice 314
18 Deservingness, Entitlement, and Reactions to Outcomes 334
19 Just World Processes in Demonizing 350
Justice and Reaction to One's Own Fate
20 Belief in a Just World as a Personal Resource in School 365
21 Awakening to Discrimination 382
22 Deservingness and Perceptions of Procedural Justice in Citizen Encounters with the Police 397
23 Fairness Judgments as Cognitions 416
Name Index 433
Subject Index 441
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