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In rich countries, environmental problems are seen as problems of prosperity; in poor countries, they are seen as problems of poverty. Lack of clean drinking water and insufficient sanitation affect the here and now, whereas environmental problems in rich countries seem more likely to harm posterity. This book addresses these issues, arguing that we have moral obligations to take account of the interests of future generations and that our main obligation is to bequeath to them a more decent society in which there is greater respect for basic human rights.
Introduction: Ethics and Economics in Environmental Policy
Part 1. Justice between generations
The Rights of Future Generations
How Much Richer Will Future Generations Be?
Our Obligations to Future Generations
Part 2. Justice between individuals
The Intrinsic Value of the Environment
Plural Values and Environmental Valuation
Part 3. Justice between nations
International Justice and Sharing the Burden of Environmental Protection
International Justice and the Environment: Climate Change and Biodiversity